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Song of Songs 2:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, By the roes, or by the hinds of the field, That ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, Until he please.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, till he please.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, By the gazelles or by the hinds of the field, That you do not arouse or awaken [my] love Until she pleases.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not, nor awake [my] love, till he please.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I charge you, daughters of Jerusalem, By the gazelles, or by the hinds of the field, That ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, till he please.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [HE] I adjure you, ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the gazelles or by the hinds of the field,—That ye wake not, nor arouse, the dear love until she please!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have adjured you, daughters of Jerusalem, By the roes or by the hinds of the field, Stir not up nor wake the love till she please!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I adjure you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and the harts of the field, that you stir not up, nor make the beloved to awake, till she please.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I charge you, O ye daughters of Ierusalem, by the Roes, and by the hindes of the field, that ye stirre not vp, nor awake [my] loue, till she please.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I have charged you, ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the powers and by the virtues of the field, that ye do not rouse or wake [my] love, until he please.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I charge you, O ye daughters of Yerushalaim, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, till he please.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I charge 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
you, O ye daughters 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם, 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
by the roes, 6643
{6643} Prime
צְבִי
ts@biy
{tseb-ee'}
From H6638 in the sense of prominence; splendor (as conspicuous); also a gazelle (as beautiful).
and 176
{0176} Prime
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
by the hinds 355
{0355} Prime
אַיָּלָה
'ayalah
{ah-yaw-law'}
Feminine of H0354; a doe or female deer.
of the field, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
that ye stir not up, 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
nor x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
awake 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8787
<8787> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 72
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
[my] love, 160
{0160} Prime
אַהֲבָה
'ahabah
{a-hab-aw'}
Feminine of H0158 and meaning the same.
till he please. 2654
{2654} Prime
חָפֵץ
chaphets
{khaw-fates'}
A primitive root; properly to incline to; by implication (literally but rarely) to bend; figuratively to be pleased with, desire.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 2:7

_ _ by the roes — not an oath but a solemn charge, to act as cautiously as the hunter would with the wild roes, which are proverbially timorous; he must advance with breathless circumspection, if he is to take them; so he who would not lose Jesus Christ and His Spirit, which is easily grieved and withdrawn, must be tender of conscience and watchful (Ezekiel 16:43; Ephesians 4:30; Ephesians 5:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:19). In Margin, title of Psalms 22:1, Jesus Christ is called the “Hind of the morning,” hunted to death by the dogs (compare Song of Songs 2:8, Song of Songs 2:9, where He is represented as bounding on the hills, Psalms 18:33). Here He is resting, but with a repose easily broken (Zephaniah 3:17). It is thought a gross rudeness in the East to awaken one sleeping, especially a person of rank.

_ _ my love — in Hebrew, feminine for masculine, the abstract for concrete, Jesus Christ being the embodiment of love itself (Song of Songs 3:5; Song of Songs 8:7), where, as here, the context requires it to be applied to Him, not her. She too is “love” (Song of Songs 7:6), for His love calls forth her love. Presumption in the convert is as grieving to the Spirit as despair. The lovingness and pleasantness of the hind and roe (Proverbs 5:19) is included in this image of Jesus Christ.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 2:3-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 2:7

I charge you — This is spoken by the bride. By the roes — By the example of those creatures, which are pleasant and loving in their carriage towards one another. Nor awake — That you do not disturb nor offend him. 'Till — Never, as this word, until, in such phrases, is commonly used. For neither can sin ever please him, nor can the church bear it that Christ should ever be offended.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 2:7

(c) I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not, nor awake [my] love, till he please.

(c) Christ charges them who have to do in the Church as it were by a solemn oath, that they trouble not the quietness of it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
charge you:
Heb. adjure you,
Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.

O ye:

Song of Songs 1:5 I [am] black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.
Song of Songs 5:8 I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye find my beloved, that ye tell him, that I [am] sick of love.
Song of Songs 5:16 His mouth [is] most sweet: yea, he [is] altogether lovely. This [is] my beloved, and this [is] my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.

by the roes:

Song of Songs 3:5 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, till he please.
Proverbs 5:19 [Let her be as] the loving hind and pleasant roe; let her breasts satisfy thee at all times; and be thou ravished always with her love.

ye stir:

Song of Songs 8:4 I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, that ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, until he please.
Ephesians 5:22-33 Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord. ... Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife [see] that she reverence [her] husband.
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Pv 5:19. So 1:5; 3:5; 5:8, 16; 8:4. Mt 26:63. Ep 5:22.

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