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Song of Songs 2:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Stay ye me with raisins, refresh me with apples; For I am sick from love.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I [am] sick of love.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Sustain me with raisin cakes, Refresh me with apples, Because I am lovesick.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I [am] sick with love.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Sustain ye me with raisin-cakes, Refresh me with apples; For I am sick of love.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Sustain me with raisin-cakes, refresh me with apples,—for sick with love, I am.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sustain me with grape-cakes, Support me with citrons, for I [am] sick with love.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Stay me up with flowers, compass me about with apples: because I languish with love.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples, for I [am] sicke of loue.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Strengthen me with perfumes, stay me with apples: for I [am] wounded with love.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I [am] sick of love.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Stay 5564
{5564} Prime
סָמַךְ
camak
{saw-mak'}
A primitive root; to prop (literally or figuratively); reflexively to lean upon or take hold of (in a favorable or unfavorable sense).
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
me with flagons, 809
{0809} Prime
אֲשִׁישָׁה
'ashiyshah
{ash-ee-shaw'}
Feminine of H0808; something closely pressed together, that is, a cake of raisins or other comfits.
comfort 7502
{7502} Prime
רָפַד
raphad
{raw-fad'}
A primitive root; to spread (a bed); by implication to refresh.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
me with apples: 8598
{8598} Prime
תַּפּוּחַ
tappuwach
{tap-poo'-akh}
From H5301; an apple (from its fragrance), that is, the fruit or the tree (probably including others of the pome order, as the quince, the orange, etc.).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
[am] sick 2470
{2470} Prime
חָלָה
chalah
{khaw-law'}
A primitive root (compare H2342, H2490); properly to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of love. 160
{0160} Prime
אַהֲבָה
'ahabah
{a-hab-aw'}
Feminine of H0158 and meaning the same.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 2:5

_ _ flagons — Maurer prefers translating, “dried raisin cakes”; from the Hebrew root “fire,” namely, dried by heat. But the “house of wine” (Song of Songs 2:4, Margin) favors “flagons”; the “new wine” of the kingdom, the Spirit of Jesus Christ.

_ _ apples — from the tree (Song of Songs 2:3), so sweet to her, the promises of God.

_ _ sick of love — the highest degree of sensible enjoyment that can be attained here. It may be at an early or late stage of experience. Paul (2 Corinthians 12:7). In the last sickness of J. Welch, he was overheard saying, “Lord, hold thine hand, it is enough; thy servant is a clay vessel, and can hold no more” [Fleming, Fulfilling of the Scriptures]. In most cases this intensity of joy is reserved for the heavenly banquet. Historically, Israel had it, when the Lord’s glory filled the tabernacle, and afterwards the temple, so that the priests could not stand to minister: so in the Christian Church on Pentecost. The bride addresses Christ mainly, though in her rapture she uses the plural, “Stay (ye) me,” speaking generally. So far from asking the withdrawal of the manifestations which had overpowered her, she asks for more: so “fainteth for” (Psalms 84:2): also Peter, on the mount of transfiguration (Luke 9:33), “Let us make ... not knowing what he said.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 2:3-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 2:5

Stay me — Or, support me, keep me from fainting. The spouse speaks this to her bride — maids, the daughters of Jerusalem: or to the bridegroom himself. Flaggons — With wine, which is a good cordial. Apples — With odoriferous apples, the smell whereof was grateful to persons ready to faint. By this understand the application of the promises, and the quickening influences of the Spirit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Stay:

Psalms 4:6-7 [There be] many that say, Who will shew us [any] good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us. ... Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time [that] their corn and their wine increased.
Psalms 42:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.]] As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. ... My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
Psalms 63:1-3 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is; ... Because thy lovingkindness [is] better than life, my lips shall praise thee.
Psalms 63:8 My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand upholdeth me.
Isaiah 26:8-9 Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O LORD, have we waited for thee; the desire of [our] soul [is] to thy name, and to the remembrance of thee. ... With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments [are] in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
Luke 24:32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?
Philippians 1:23 For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:

flagons:

2 Samuel 6:19 And he dealt among all the people, [even] among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece [of flesh], and a flagon [of wine]. So all the people departed every one to his house.
Hosea 3:1 Then said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of [her] friend, yet an adulteress, according to the love of the LORD toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine.

comfort me:
Heb. straw me

for:

Song of Songs 5:8 I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye find my beloved, that ye tell him, that I [am] sick of love.
2 Samuel 13:1-2 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name [was] Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her. ... And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she [was] a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do any thing to her.
Psalms 119:130-131 The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple. ... I opened my mouth, and panted: for I longed for thy commandments.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 6:19; 13:1. Ps 4:6; 42:1; 63:1, 8; 119:130. So 5:8. Is 26:8. Ho 3:1. Lk 24:32. Php 1:23.

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