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Song of Songs 2:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— As the apple-tree among the trees of the wood, So is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, And his fruit was sweet to my taste.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest, So is my beloved among the young men. In his shade I took great delight and sat down, And his fruit was sweet to my taste.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As the apple-tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As the apple-tree among the trees of the wood, So is my beloved among the sons: In his shadow have I rapture and sit down; And his fruit is sweet to my taste.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHE] As an apple-tree among the trees of the forest, So, is my beloved, among the sons: In his shade, I greatly delighted and sat down, And, his fruit, was sweet to my taste.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As a citron among trees of the forest, So [is] my beloved among the sons, In his shade I delighted, and sat down, And his fruit [is] sweet to my palate.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As the apple tree among the trees of the woods, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow, whom I desired: and his fruit was sweet to my palate.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloued among the sonnes. I sate downe vnder his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweete to my taste.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— As the apple among the trees of the wood, so is my kinsman among the sons. I desired his shadow, and sat down, and his fruit was sweet in my throat.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As the apple tree 8598
{8598} Prime
From H5301; an apple (from its fragrance), that is, the fruit or the tree (probably including others of the pome order, as the quince, the orange, etc.).
among the trees 6086
{6086} Prime
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of the wood, 3293
{3293} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
so x3651
(3651) Complement
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
[is] my beloved 1730
{1730} Prime
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
among x996
(0996) Complement
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
the sons. 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
I sat y3427
[3427] Standard
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
down x3427
(3427) Complement
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
under his shadow 6738
{6738} Prime
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
with great delight, 2530
{2530} Prime
A primitive root; to delight in.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
and his fruit 6529
{6529} Prime
From H6509; fruit (literally or figuratively).
[was] sweet 4966
{4966} Prime
From H4985; sweet.
to my taste. 2441
{2441} Prime
Probably from H2496 in the sense of tasting; properly the palate or inside of the mouth; hence the mouth itself (as the organ of speech, taste and kissing).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 2:3

_ _ Her reply. apple — generic including the golden citron, pomegranate, and orange apple (Proverbs 25:11). He combines the shadow and fragrance of the citron with the sweetness of the orange and pomegranate fruit. The foliage is perpetual; throughout the year a succession of blossoms, fruit, and perfume (James 1:17).

_ _ among the sons — parallel to “among the daughters” (Song of Songs 2:2). He alone is ever fruitful among the fruitless wild trees (Psalms 89:6; Hebrews 1:9).

_ _ I sat ... with ... delight — literally, “I eagerly desired and sat” (Psalms 94:19; Mark 6:31; Ephesians 2:6; 1 Peter 1:8).

_ _ shadow — (Psalms 121:5; Isaiah 4:6; Isaiah 25:4; Isaiah 32:2). Jesus Christ interposes the shadow of His cross between the blazing rays of justice and us sinners.

_ _ fruit — Faith plucks it (Proverbs 3:18). Man lost the tree of life (Genesis 3:22, Genesis 3:23). Jesus Christ regained it for him; he eats it partly now (Psalms 119:103; John 6:55, John 6:57; 1 Peter 2:3); fully hereafter (Revelation 2:7; Revelation 22:2, Revelation 22:14); not earned by the sweat of his brow, or by his righteousness (Romans 10:1-21). Contrast the worldling’s fruit (Deuteronomy 32:32; Luke 15:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Song of Songs 2:3-7

_ _ Here, I. The spouse commends her beloved and prefers him before all others: As the apple-tree among the trees of the wood, which perhaps does not grow so high, nor spread so wide, as some other trees, yet is useful and serviceable to man, yielding pleasant and profitable fruit, while the other trees are of little use, no, not the cedars themselves, till they are cut down, so is my beloved among the sons, so far does he excel them all, — all the sons of God, the angels (that honour was put upon him which was never designed for them, Hebrews 1:4), — all the sons of men; he is fairer than them all, fairer than the choicest of them, Psalms 45:2. Name what creature you will, and you will find Christ has the pre-eminence above them all. The world is a barren tree to a soul; Christ is a fruitful one.

_ _ II. She remembers the abundant comfort she has had in communion with him: She sat down by him with great delight, as shepherds sometimes repose themselves, sometimes converse with one another, under a tree. A double advantage she found in sitting down so near the Lord Jesus: — 1. A refreshing shade: I sat down under his shadow, to be sheltered by him from the scorching heat of the sun, to be cooled, and so to take some rest. Christ is to believers as the shadow of a great tree, nay, of a great rock in a weary land, Isaiah 32:2; Isaiah 25:4. When a poor soul is parched with convictions of sin and the terrors of the law, as David (Psalms 32:4), when fatigued with the troubles of this world, as Elijah when he sat down under a juniper tree (1 Kings 19:4), they find that in Christ, in his name, his graces, his comforts, and his undertaking for poor sinners, which revives them and keeps them from fainting; those that are weary and heavily laden may find rest in Christ. It is not enough to pass by this shadow, but we must sit down under it (here will I dwell, for I have desired it); and we shall find it not like Jonah's gourd, that soon withered, and left him in a heat, both inward and outward, but like the tree of life, the leaves whereof were not only for shelter, but for the healing of the nations. We must sit down under this shadow with delight, must put an entire confidence in the protection of it (as Judges 9:15), and take an entire complacency in the refreshment of it. But that is not all: 2. Here is pleasing nourishing food. This tree drops its fruits to those that sit down under its shadow, and they are welcome to them, and will find them sweet unto their taste, whatever they are to others. Believers have tasted that the Lord Jesus is gracious (1 Peter 2:3); his fruits are all the precious privileges of the new covenant, purchased by his blood and communicated by his Spirit. Promises are sweet to a believer, yea, and precepts too. I delight in the law of God after the inward man. Pardons are sweet, and peace of conscience is sweet, assurances of God's love, joys of the Holy Ghost, the hopes of eternal life, and the present earnests and foretastes of it are sweet, all sweet to those that have their spiritual senses exercised. If our mouths be put out of taste for the pleasure of sin, divine consolations will be sweet to our taste, sweeter than honey and the honeycomb.

_ _ III. She owns herself obliged to Jesus Christ for all the benefit and comfort she had in communion with him (Song of Songs 2:4): “I sat down under the apple-tree, glad to be there, but he admitted me, nay, he pressed me, to a more intimate communion with him: Come in, thou blessed of the Lord, why standest thou without? He brought me to the house of wine, the place where he entertains his special friends, from lower to higher measures and degrees of comfort, from the fruit of the apple tree to the more generous fruit of the vine.” To him that values the divine joys he has more shall be given. One of the rabbin by the banqueting-house understands the tabernacle of the congregation, where the interpretation of the law was given; surely we may apply it to Christian assemblies, where the gospel is preached and gospel-ordinances are administered, particularly the Lord's supper, that banquet of wine, especially to the inside of those ordinances, communion with God in them. Observe, 1. How she was introduced: “He brought me, wrought in me an inclination to draw nigh to God, helped me over my discouragements, took me by the hand, guided and led me, and gave me an access with boldness to God as a Father,Ephesians 2:18. We should never have come into the banqueting-house, never have been acquainted with spiritual pleasures, if Christ had not brought us, by opening for us a new and living way and opening in us a new and living fountain. 2. How she was entertained: His banner over me was love; he brought me in with a banner displayed over my head, not as one he triumphed over, but as one he triumphed in, and whom he always caused to triumph with him and in him, 2 Corinthians 2:14. The gospel is compared to a banner or ensign (Isaiah 11:12), and that which is represented in the banner, written in it in letters of gold, letters of blood, is love, love; and this is the entertainment in the banqueting-house. Christ is the captain of our salvation, and he enlists all his soldiers under the banner of love; in that they centre; to that they must continually have an eye, and be animated by it. The love of Christ must constrain them to fight manfully. When a city was taken the conqueror set up his standard in it. “He has conquered me with his love, overcome me with kindness, and that is the banner over me.” This she speaks of as what she had formerly had experience of, and she remembers it with delight. Eaten bread must not be forgotten, but remembered with thankfulness to that God who has fed us with manna in this wilderness.

_ _ IV. She professes her strong affection and most passionate love to Jesus Christ (Song of Songs 2:5): I am sick of love, overcome, overpowered, by it. David explains this when he says (Psalms 119:20), My soul breaks for the longing that it has unto thy judgments, and (Psalms 119:81), My soul faints for thy salvation, languishing with care to make it sure and fear of coming short of it. The spouse was now absent perhaps from her beloved, waiting for his return, and cannot bear the grief of distance and delay. Oh how much better it is with the soul when it is sick of love to Christ than when it is surfeited with the love of this world! She cries out for cordials: “Oh stay me with flagons, or ointments, or flowers, any thing that is reviving; comfort me with apples, with the fruits of that apple-tree, Christ (Song of Songs 2:3), with the merit and meditation of Christ and the sense of his love to my soul.” Note, Those that are sick of love to Christ shall not want spiritual supports, while they are yet waiting for spiritual comforts.

_ _ V. She experiences the power and tenderness of divine grace, relieving her in her present faintings, Song of Songs 2:6. Though he seemed to have withdrawn, yet he was even then a very present help, 1. To sustain the love-sick soul, and to keep it from fainting away: “His left hand is under my head, to bear it up, nay, as a pillow to lay it easy.” David experienced God's hand upholding him then when his soul was following hard after God (Psalms 63:8), and Job in a state of desertion yet found that God put strength into him, Job 23:6. All his saints are in his hand, which tenderly holds their aching heads. 2. To encourage the love-sick soul to continue waiting till he returns: “For, in the mean time, his right hand embraces me, and thereby gives me an unquestionable assurance of his love.” Believers owe all their strength and comfort to the supporting left hand and embracing right hand of the Lord Jesus.

_ _ VI. Finding her beloved thus nigh unto her she is in great care that her communion with him be not interrupted (Song of Songs 2:7): I charge you, O you daughters of Jerusalem. Jerusalem, the mother of us all, charges all her daughters, the church charges all her members, the believing soul charges all its powers and faculties, the spouse charges herself and all about her, not to stir up, or awake, her love until he please, now that he is asleep in her arms, as she was borne up in his, Song of Songs 2:6. She gives them this charge by the roes and the hinds of the field, that is, by every thing that is amiable in their eyes, and dear to them, as the loving hind and the pleasant roe. “My love is to me dearer than those can be to you, and will be disturbed, like them, with a very little noise.” Note, 1. Those that experience the sweetness of communion with Christ, and the sensible manifestations of his love, cannot but desire the continuance of these blessed views, these blessed visits. Pester would make tabernacles upon the holy mount, Matthew 17:4. 2. Yet Christ will, when he pleases, withdraw those extraordinary communications of himself, for he is a free-agent, and the Spirit, as the wind, blows where and when it listeth, and in his pleasure it becomes us to acquiesce. But, 3. Our care must be that we do nothing to provoke him to withdraw and to hide his face, that we carefully watch over our own hearts and suppress every thought that may grieve his good Spirit. Let those that have comfort be afraid of sinning it away.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 2:3

The apple — tree — Whose fruit is very pleasant and wholesome. The trees — Which are barren. I sat — I confidently reposed myself under his protection. His fruit — The benefits which I received by him, remission of sins, faith, grace, and assurance of glory.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 2:3

(b) As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.

(b) The spouse testifies her great desire toward her husband, but her strength fails her, and therefore she desires to be comforted, and felt it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the apple tree:

Song of Songs 8:5 Who [is] this that cometh up from the wilderness, leaning upon her beloved? I raised thee up under the apple tree: there thy mother brought thee forth: there she brought thee forth [that] bare thee.
Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth [shall be] excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
Ezekiel 17:23-24 In the mountain of the height of Israel will I plant it: and it shall bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and be a goodly cedar: and under it shall dwell all fowl of every wing; in the shadow of the branches thereof shall they dwell. ... And all the trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down the high tree, have exalted the low tree, have dried up the green tree, and have made the dry tree to flourish: I the LORD have spoken and have done [it].
John 15:1-8 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. ... Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.

my beloved:

Song of Songs 5:9-10 What [is] thy beloved more than [another] beloved, O thou fairest among women? what [is] thy beloved more than [another] beloved, that thou dost so charge us? ... My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
Song of Songs 5:16 His mouth [is] most sweet: yea, he [is] altogether lovely. This [is] my beloved, and this [is] my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.
Psalms 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
Psalms 89:6 For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD? [who] among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD?
John 1:14-18 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. ... No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].
John 3:29-31 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled. ... He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.
Hebrews 1:1-6 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, ... And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
Hebrews 3:1-6 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; ... But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
Hebrews 7:23-26 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death: ... For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

I sat:
etc. Heb. I delighted and sat down, etc.
Judges 9:15 And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, [then] come [and] put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon.
Judges 9:19-20 If ye then have dealt truly and sincerely with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, [then] rejoice ye in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you: ... But if not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abimelech.
Psalms 57:1 [[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave.]] Be merciful unto me, O God, be merciful unto me: for my soul trusteth in thee: yea, in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, until [these] calamities be overpast.
Psalms 91:1 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.
Isaiah 4:6 And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.
Isaiah 25:4 For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones [is] as a storm [against] the wall.
Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
1 John 1:3-4 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. ... And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full.

his fruit:

Song of Songs 2:5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I [am] sick of love.
Genesis 3:22-24 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: ... So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Ezekiel 47:12 And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow all trees for meat, whose leaf shall not fade, neither shall the fruit thereof be consumed: it shall bring forth new fruit according to his months, because their waters they issued out of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine.
Revelation 22:1-2 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. ... In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, [was there] the tree of life, which bare twelve [manner of] fruits, [and] yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree [were] for the healing of the nations.

Heb. palate
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:22. Jg 9:15, 19. Ps 45:2; 57:1; 89:6; 91:1. So 2:5; 5:9, 16; 8:5. Is 4:2, 6; 25:4; 32:2. Ezk 17:23; 47:12. Jn 1:14; 3:29; 15:1. He 1:1; 3:1; 7:23; 12:2. 1Jn 1:3. Rv 22:1.

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