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Song of Songs 2:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The flowers appear on the earth; The time of the singing [of birds] is come, And the voice of the turtle-dove is heard in our land;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing [of birds] is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘The flowers have [already] appeared in the land; The time has arrived for pruning [the vines], And the voice of the turtledove has been heard in our land.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing [of birds] is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The flowers appear on the earth; The time of singing is come, And the voice of the turtle-dove is heard in our land;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The flowers, have appeared in the earth, the time of the spring-song, hath come,—and, the voice of the turtle, is heard in our land;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The flowers have appeared in the earth, The time of the singing hath come, And the voice of the turtle was heard in our land,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The flowers have appeared in our land, the time of pruning is come: the voice of the turtle is heard in our land:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The flowers appeare on the earth, the time of the singing [of birds] is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The flowers are seen in the land; the time of pruning has arrived; the voice of the turtle-dove has been heard in our land.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing [of birds] is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The flowers 5339
{5339} Prime
נִצָּן
nitstsan
{nits-tsawn'}
From H5322; a blossom.
appear 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
on the earth; 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
the time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
of the singing 2158
{2158} Prime
זָמִיר
zamiyr
{zaw-meer'}
(Feminine): from H2167; a song to be accompanied with instrumental music.
[of birds] is come, 5060
{5060} Prime
נגע
naga`
{naw-gah'}
A primitive root; properly to touch, that is, lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphemistically, to lie with a woman); by implication to reach (figuratively to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
and the voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
of the turtle 8449
{8449} Prime
תּוֹר
towr
{tore}
Probably the same as H8447; a ring dove, often (figuratively) as a term of endearment.
is heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
in our land; 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 2:12

_ _ flowers — tokens of anger past, and of grace come. “The summoned bride is welcome,” say some fathers, “to weave from them garlands of beauty, wherewith she may adorn herself to meet the King.” Historically, the flowers, etc., only give promise; the fruit is not ripe yet; suitable to the preaching of John the Baptist, “The kingdom of heaven is at hand”; not yet fully come.

_ _ the time of ... singing — the rejoicing at the advent of Jesus Christ. Gregory Nyssenus refers the voice of the turtledove to John the Baptist. It with the olive branch announced to Noah that “the rain was over and gone” (Genesis 8:11). So John the Baptist, spiritually. Its plaintive “voice” answers to his preaching of repentance (Jeremiah 8:6, Jeremiah 8:7). Vulgate and Septuagint translate, “The time of pruning,” namely, spring (John 15:2). The mention of the “turtle’s” cooing better accords with our text. The turtledove is migratory (Jeremiah 8:7), and “comes” early in May; emblem of love, and so of the Holy Ghost. Love, too, shall be the keynote of the “new song” hereafter (Isaiah 35:10; Revelation 1:5; Revelation 14:3; Revelation 19:6). In the individual believer now, joy and love are here set forth in their earlier manifestations (Mark 4:28).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 2:8-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 2:12

The flowers — The communications of God's grace, the gifts, and graces, and comforts of the Holy Spirit, are vouchsafed unto, and appear in believers, as buds and blossoms do in the spring. The turtle — This seems particularly to be mentioned because it not only gives notice of the spring, but aptly represents the Spirit of God, which even the Chaldee paraphrast understands by this turtle, which appeared in the shape of a dove, and which worketh a dove — like meekness, and chastity, and faithfulness, in believers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
flowers:

Song of Songs 6:2 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.
Song of Songs 6:11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, [and] to see whether the vine flourished, [and] the pomegranates budded.
Isaiah 35:1-2 The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose. ... It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, [and] the excellency of our God.
Hosea 14:5-7 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon. ... They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.

time:

Psalms 40:1-3 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry. ... And he hath put a new song in my mouth, [even] praise unto our God: many shall see [it], and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.
Psalms 89:15 Blessed [is] the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance.
Psalms 148:7-13 Praise the LORD from the earth, ye dragons, and all deeps: ... Let them praise the name of the LORD: for his name alone is excellent; his glory [is] above the earth and heaven.
Isaiah 42:10-12 Sing unto the LORD a new song, [and] his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof. ... Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.
Isaiah 55:12 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap [their] hands.
Ephesians 5:18-20 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit; ... Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;
Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.

of the turtle:

Romans 15:9-13 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for [his] mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. ... Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
Ephesians 1:13-14 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, ... Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 40:1; 89:15; 148:7. So 6:2, 11. Is 35:1; 42:10; 55:12. Ho 14:5. Ro 15:9. Ep 1:13; 5:18. Col 3:16.

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