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Song of Songs 2:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I am a rose of Sharon, A lily of the valleys.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I [am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lily of the valleys.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I am the rose of Sharon, The lily of the valleys.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I [am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lily of the valleys.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I am a narcissus of Sharon, A lily of the valleys.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHE] I am The meadow-saffron of Sharon, The lily of the valleys.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As a lily among the thorns,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I am the flower of the field, and the lily of the valleys.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I [Am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lillie of the valleys.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I am a flower of the plain, a lily of the valleys.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I [am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lily of the valleys.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I x589
(0589) Complement
Contracted from H0595; I.
[am] the rose 2261
{2261} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; probably meadow saffron.
of rn שָׁרוֹן, 8289
{8289} Prime
Probably abridged from H3474; plain; Sharon, the name of a place in Palestine.
[and] the lily 7799
{7799} Prime
From H7797; a lily (from its whiteness), as a flower or architectural ornament; also a (straight) trumpet (from the tubular shape).
of the valleys. 6010
{6010} Prime
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 2:1

_ _ rose — if applied to Jesus Christ, it, with the white lily (lowly, 2 Corinthians 8:9), answers to “white and ruddy” (Song of Songs 5:10). But it is rather the meadow-saffron: the Hebrew means radically a plant with a pungent bulb, inapplicable to the rose. So Syriac. It is of a white and violet color [Maurer, Gesenius, and Weiss]. The bride thus speaks of herself as lowly though lovely, in contrast with the lordly “apple” or citron tree, the bridegroom (Song of Songs 2:3); so the “lily” is applied to her (Song of Songs 2:2),

_ _ Sharon — (Isaiah 35:1, Isaiah 35:2). In North Palestine, between Mount Tabor and Lake Tiberias (1 Chronicles 5:16). Septuagint and Vulgate translate it, “a plain”; though they err in this, the Hebrew Bible not elsewhere favoring it, yet the parallelism to valleys shows that, in the proper name Sharon, there is here a tacit reference to its meaning of lowliness. Beauty, delicacy, and lowliness, are to be in her, as they were in Him (Matthew 11:29).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Song of Songs 2:1-2

_ _ See here, I. What Christ is pleased to compare himself to; and he condescends very much in the comparison. He that is the Son of the Highest, the bright and morning star, calls and owns himself the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys, to express his presence with his people in this world, the easiness of their access to him, and the beauty and sweetness which they find in him, and to teach them to adorn themselves with him, as shepherds and shepherdesses, when they appeared gay, were decked with roses and lilies, garlands and chaplets of flowers. The rose, for beauty and fragrance, is the chief of flowers, and our Saviour prefers the clothing of the lily before that of Solomon in all his glory. Christ is the rose of Sharon, where probably the best roses grew and in most plenty, the rose of the field (so some), denoting that the gospel salvation is a common salvation; it lies open to all; whoever will may come and gather the rose-buds of privileges and comforts that grow in the covenant of grace. He is not a rose locked up in a garden, but all may come and receive benefit by him and comfort in him. He is a lily for whiteness, a lily of the valleys for sweetness, for those which we call so yield a strong perfume. He is a lily of the valleys, or low places, in his humiliation, exposed to injury. Humble souls see most beauty in him. Whatever he is to others, to those that are in the valleys he is a lily. He is the rose, the lily; there is none besides. Whatever excellence is in Christ, it is in him singularly and in the highest degree.

_ _ II. What he is pleased to compare his church to, Song of Songs 2:2. 1. She is as a lily; he himself is the lily (Song of Songs 2:1), she is as the lily. The beauty of believers consists in their conformity and resemblance to Jesus Christ. They are his love, and so they are as lilies, for those are made like Christ in whose hearts his love is shed abroad. 2. As a lily among thorns, as a lily compared with thorns. The church of Christ as far excels all other societies as a bed of roses excels a bush of thorns. As a lily compassed with thorns. The wicked, the daughters of this world, such as have no love to Christ, are as thorns, worthless and useless, good for nothing but to stop a gap; nay, they are noxious and hurtful; they came in with sin and are a fruit of the curse; they choke good seed, and hinder good fruit, and their end is to be burned. God's people are as lilies among them, scratched and torn, shaded and obscured, by them; they are dear to Christ, and yet exposed to hardships and troubles in the world; they must expect it, for they are planted among thorns (Ezekiel 2:6), but they are nevertheless dear to him; he does not overlook nor undervalue any of his lilies for their being among thorns, When they are among thorns they must still be as lilies, must maintain their innocency and purity, and, though they are among thorns, must not be turned into thorns, must not render railing for railing, and, if they thus preserve their character, they shall be still owned as conformable to Christ. Grace in the soul is a lily among thorns; corruptions are thorns in the flesh (2 Corinthians 12:7), are as Canaanites to God's Israel (Joshua 23:13); but the lily that is now among thorns shall shortly be transplanted out of this wilderness into that paradise where there is no pricking brier nor grieving thorn, Ezekiel 28:24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 2:1

I — These are the words of the bridegroom. He compares himself to the rose and lilly, for fragrancy and beauty. Sharon, was a very fruitful place, and famous for roses.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the rose:

Psalms 85:11 Truth shall spring out of the earth; and righteousness shall look down from heaven.
Isaiah 35:1-2 The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose. ... It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, [and] the excellency of our God.


Song of Songs 2:16 My beloved [is] mine, and I [am] his: he feedeth among the lilies.
Song of Songs 6:3 I [am] my beloved's, and my beloved [is] mine: he feedeth among the lilies.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
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Ps 85:11. So 2:16; 6:3. Is 35:1; 57:15.

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