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Song of Songs 1:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Look not upon me, because I am swarthy, Because the sun hath scorched me. My mother's sons were incensed against me; They made me keeper of the vineyards; [But] mine own vineyard have I not kept.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Look not upon me, because I [am] black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; [but] mine own vineyard have I not kept.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Do not stare at me because I am swarthy, For the sun has burned me. My mother’s sons were angry with me; They made me caretaker of the vineyards, [But] I have not taken care of my own vineyard.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Look not upon me, because I [am] black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; [but] my own vineyard have I not kept.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Look not upon me, because I am black; Because the sun hath looked upon me. My mother's children were angry with me: They made me keeper of the vineyards; Mine own vineyard have I not kept.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHE] Do not look on me, because, I, am so swarthy, because the sun hath scorched me,—My mother's sons, were angry with me, they set me to keep the vineyards, Mine own vineyard, have I not kept. . . .
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Fear me not, because I [am] very dark, Because the sun hath scorched me, The sons of my mother were angry with me, They made me keeper of the vineyards, My vineyard—my own—I have not kept.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Do not consider me that I am brown, because the sun hath altered my colour: the sons of my mother have fought against me, they have made me the keeper in the vineyards: my vineyard I have not kept.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Looke not vpon me because I [am] blacke, because the Sunne hath looked vpon me: my mothers children were angry with me, they made me the keeper of the vineyards, [but] mine owne vineyard haue I not kept.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Look not upon me, because I am dark, because the sun has looked unfavourably upon me: my mother's sons strove with me; they made me keeper in the vineyards; I have not kept my own vineyard.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Look not upon me, because I [am] black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; [but] mine own vineyard have I not kept.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Look 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
upon me, because I x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
[am] black, 7840
{7840} Prime
שְׁחַרְחֹר
sh@charchoreth
{shekh-ar-kho'-reth}
From H7835; swarthy.
because the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
hath looked 7805
{7805} Prime
שׁזף
shazaph
{shaw-zaf'}
A primitive root; to tan (by sun burning); figuratively (as if by a piercing ray) to scan.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
upon me: my mother's 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
were angry y2787
[2787] Standard
חָרַר
charar
{khaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to glow, that is, literally (to melt, burn, dry up) or figuratively (to show or incite passion).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
x2734
(2734) Complement
חָרָה
charah
{khaw-raw'}
A primitive root (compare H2787); to glow or grow warm; figuratively (usually) to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy.
with me; they made 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me the keeper 5201
{5201} Prime
נָטַר
natar
{naw-tar'}
A primitive root; to guard; figuratively, to cherish (anger).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the vineyards; 3754
{3754} Prime
כֶּרֶם
kerem
{keh'-rem}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a garden or vineyard.
[but] mine own x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
vineyard 3754
{3754} Prime
כֶּרֶם
kerem
{keh'-rem}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a garden or vineyard.
have I not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
kept. 5201
{5201} Prime
נָטַר
natar
{naw-tar'}
A primitive root; to guard; figuratively, to cherish (anger).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 1:6

_ _ She feels as if her blackness was so great as to be gazed at by all.

_ _ mother’s children — (Matthew 10:36). She is to forget “her own people and her father’s house,” that is, the worldly connections of her unregenerate state (Psalms 45:10); they had maltreated her (Luke 15:15, Luke 15:16). Children of the same mother, but not the same father [Maurer], (John 8:41-44). They made her a common keeper of vineyards, whereby the sun looked upon, that is, burnt her; thus she did “not keep her own” vineyard, that is, fair beauty. So the world, and the soul (Matthew 16:26; Luke 9:25). The believer has to watch against the same danger (1 Corinthians 9:27). So he will be able, instead of the self-reproach here, to say as in Song of Songs 8:12.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 1:2-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 1:6

Look not — With wonder and disdain. Mother's children — False brethren, who pretend that the church is their mother, when their actions demonstrate, that God, the husband of the church, is not their father; hypocritial professors, who are, and ever were, the keenest enemies; false teachers, and their followers, who by their corrupt doctrines, and divisions, and contentions, bring great mischief to the church. Made me — Having prevailed against me, they used me like a slave, putting me upon the most troublesome services, such as the keeping of the vineyards was esteemed, 2 Kings 25:12; Isaiah 61:5; Matthew 20:1-7. Not kept — They gave me such a full employment in the drudging work about their vineyards, that they left me no time to mind my own; they hindered me from doing my own duty, and from minding my own concerns. And therefore it is no wonder if I be uncomely and scorched by the sun.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 1:6

Look not upon me, because I [am] (i) black, because the (k) sun hath looked upon me: (l) my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; [but] my own vineyard have I not (m) kept.

(i) Consider not the Church by the outward appearance.

(k) The corruption of nature through sin and afflictions.

(l) My own brethren who should have most favoured me.

(m) She confesses her own negligence.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Look:

Ruth 1:19-21 So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, [Is] this Naomi? ... I went out full, and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why [then] call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me?

because:

Job 30:30 My skin is black upon me, and my bones are burned with heat.
Jeremiah 8:21 For the hurt of the daughter of my people am I hurt; I am black; astonishment hath taken hold on me.
Lamentations 4:8 Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets: their skin cleaveth to their bones; it is withered, it is become like a stick.
Mark 4:6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, [and] exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.

my mother's:

Psalms 69:8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children.
Jeremiah 12:6 For even thy brethren, and the house of thy father, even they have dealt treacherously with thee; yea, they have called a multitude after thee: believe them not, though they speak fair words unto thee.
Micah 7:6 For the son dishonoureth the father, the daughter riseth up against her mother, the daughter in law against her mother in law; a man's enemies [are] the men of his own house.
Matthew 10:22 And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
Matthew 10:25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more [shall they call] them of his household?
Matthew 10:35-36 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. ... And a man's foes [shall be] they of his own household.
Luke 12:51-53 Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather division: ... The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
Galatians 4:29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the Spirit, even so [it is] now.

keeper:

Song of Songs 8:11-12 Solomon had a vineyard at Baalhamon; he let out the vineyard unto keepers; every one for the fruit thereof was to bring a thousand [pieces] of silver. ... My vineyard, which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou, O Solomon, [must have] a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ru 1:19. Jb 30:30. Ps 69:8. So 8:11. Jr 8:21; 12:6. Lm 4:8. Mi 7:6. Mt 10:22, 25, 35. Mk 4:6. Lk 12:51. Ac 14:22. Ga 4:29.

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