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Song of Songs 1:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thine oils have a goodly fragrance; Thy name is [as] oil poured forth; Therefore do the virgins love thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Your oils have a pleasing fragrance, Your name is [like] purified oil; Therefore the maidens love you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Because of the savor of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thine ointments savour sweetly; Thy name is an ointment poured forth: Therefore do the virgins love thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Like the fragrance of thy precious oils, Oil poured out, is thy name, For this cause, virgins love thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For fragrance [are] thy perfumes good. Perfume emptied out—thy name, Therefore have virgins loved thee!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Smelling sweet of the best ointments. Thy name is as oil poured out: therefore young maidens have loved thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Because of the sauour of thy good ointments, thy name is [as] ointment powred forth, therefore doe the virgins loue thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the smell of thine ointments is better than all spices: thy name is ointment poured forth; therefore do the young maidens love thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Because of the savour 7381
{7381} Prime
רֵיחַ
reyach
{ray'-akh}
From H7306; odor (as if blown).
of thy good 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
ointments 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
thy name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
[is as] ointment 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
poured forth, 7324
{7324} Prime
רוּק
ruwq
{rook}
A primitive root; to pour out (literally or figuratively), that is, empty.
z8714
<8714> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 178
therefore x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
do the virgins 5959
{5959} Prime
עַלְמָה
`almah
{al-maw'}
Feminine of H5958; a lass (as veiled or private).
love 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 1:3

_ _ Rather, “As regards the savor of thy ointments, it is good” [Maurer]. In Song of Songs 4:10, Song of Songs 4:11, the Bridegroom reciprocates the praise of the bride in the same terms.

_ _ thy name — Christ’s character and office as the “Anointed” (Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 61:1), as “the savor of ointments” are the graces that surround His person (Psalms 45:7, Psalms 45:8). Ecclesiastes 7:1, in its fullest sense, applies to Him. The holy anointing oil of the high priest, which it was death for anyone else to make (so Acts 4:12), implies the exclusive preciousness of Messiah’s name (Exodus 30:23-28, Exodus 30:31-38). So Mary brake the box of precious ointment over Him, appropriately (Mark 14:5), the broken box typifying His body, which, when broken, diffused all grace: compounded of various spices, etc. (Colossians 1:19; Colossians 2:9); of sweet odor (Ephesians 5:2).

_ _ poured — (Isaiah 53:12; Romans 5:5).

_ _ therefore — because of the manifestation of God’s character in Christ (1 John 4:9, 1 John 4:19). So the penitent woman (Luke 7:37, Luke 7:38, Luke 7:47).

_ _ virgins — the pure in heart (2 Corinthians 11:2; Revelation 14:4). The same Hebrew is translated, “thy hidden ones” (Psalms 83:3). The “ointment” of the Spirit “poured forth” produces the “love of Christ” (Romans 5:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 1:2-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 1:3

Ointments — Because of those excellent gifts and graces of God's Spirit wherewith thou art replenished. Thy name — Thy report, the very mention of thee, and all those things by which thou makest thyself known to men, thy word, particularly thine offers of pardon and salvation to sinners; and all thy works, especially that great work of redemption is most acceptable, and refreshing. The virgins — called the companions of the bride, Psalms 45:14, particular believers, who are called virgins, 2 Corinthians 11:2; Revelation 14:4, who have their senses exercised to perceive this sweetness and fulness of Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 1:3

Because of the (b) savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the (c) virgins love thee.

(b) The feeling of your great benefits.

(c) They that are pure in heart and conversation.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the savour:

Song of Songs 3:6 Who [is] this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?
Song of Songs 4:10 How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!
Song of Songs 5:5 I rose up to open to my beloved; and my hands dropped [with] myrrh, and my fingers [with] sweet smelling myrrh, upon the handles of the lock.
Song of Songs 5:13 His cheeks [are] as a bed of spices, [as] sweet flowers: his lips [like] lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh.
Exodus 30:23-28 Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels], ... And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot.
Psalms 45:7-8 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. ... All thy garments [smell] of myrrh, and aloes, [and] cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
Psalms 133:2 [It is] like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, [even] Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;
Proverbs 27:9 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so [doth] the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel.
Ecclesiastes 7:1 A good name [is] better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.
Isaiah 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
John 12:3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.
2 Corinthians 2:14-16 Now thanks [be] unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place. ... To the one [we are] the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who [is] sufficient for these things?
Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.

thy name:

Exodus 33:12 And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight.
Exodus 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.
Exodus 34:5-7 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD. ... Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].
Psalms 89:15-16 Blessed [is] the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance. ... In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Matthew 1:21-23 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. ... Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Philippians 2:9-10 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;

the virgins:

Song of Songs 6:8 There are threescore queens, and fourscore concubines, and virgins without number.
Psalms 45:14 She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
Matthew 25:1 Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.
2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ.
Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, [being] the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 30:23; 33:12, 19; 34:5. Ps 45:7, 14; 89:15; 133:2. Pv 27:9. Ec 7:1. So 3:6; 4:10; 5:5, 13; 6:8. Is 9:6; 61:3. Jr 23:5. Mt 1:21; 25:1. Jn 12:3. 2Co 2:14; 11:2. Php 2:9; 4:18. Rv 14:4.

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