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Ruth 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He took ten men of the elders of the city and said, “Sit down here.” So they sat down.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit down here. And they sat down.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then fetched he ten men of the elders of the city, and said—Sit ye down here. And they sat down.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he taketh ten men of the elders of the city, and saith, 'Sit down here;' and they sit down.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Booz, taking ten men of the ancients of the city, said to them: Sit ye down here.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee tooke ten men of the Elders of the citie, and said, Sit ye downe here. And they sate downe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Boaz{gr.Booz} took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye here; and they sat down.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
ten 6235
{6235} Prime
עֶשֶׂר
`eser
{eh'-ser}
From H6237; ten (as an accumulation to the extent of the digits).
men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of the elders 2205
{2205} Prime
זָקֵן
zaqen
{zaw-kane'}
From H2204; old.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the city, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Sit ye down 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
here. x6311
(6311) Complement
פֹּה
poh
{po}
Probably from a primitive inseparable particle פּ p (the second form; of demonstrative force) and H1931; this place (French, iši), that is, here or hence.
And they sat down. 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ruth 4:2

_ _ he took ten men of the elders of the city — as witnesses. In ordinary circumstances, two or three were sufficient to attest a bargain; but in cases of importance, such as matrimony, divorce, conveyancing of property, it was the Jewish practice to have ten (1 Kings 21:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ruth 4:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ruth 4:2

Ten men — To be witnesses: for though two or three witnesses were sufficient, yet in weightier matters they used more. And ten was the usual number among the Jews, in causes of matrimony and divorce, and translation of inheritances; who were both judges of the causes, and witnesses of the fact.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the elders:

Exodus 18:21-22 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place [such] over them, [to be] rulers of thousands, [and] rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: ... And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, [that] every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear [the burden] with thee.
Exodus 21:8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.
Deuteronomy 29:10 Ye stand this day all of you before the LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, [with] all the men of Israel,
Deuteronomy 31:28 Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.
1 Kings 21:8 So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed [them] with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that [were] in his city, dwelling with Naboth.
Proverbs 31:23 Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land.
Lamentations 5:14 The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their musick.
Acts 6:12 And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon [him], and caught him, and brought [him] to the council,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 18:21; 21:8. Dt 29:10; 31:28. 1K 21:8. Pv 31:23. Lm 5:14. Ac 6:12.

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