Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Ruth 1:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Beth-lehem-judah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the name of the man [was] Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The name of the man [was] Elimelech, and the name of his wife, Naomi; and the names of his two sons [were] Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem in Judah. Now they entered the land of Moab and remained there.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the name of the man [was] Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Beth-lehem-judah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem-Judah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the name of the man, was Elimelech, and, the name of his wife, Naomi, and, the name of his two sons, Mahlon and Chilion—Ephrathites out of Bethlehem-judah,—so they came into the country of Moab, and remained there.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the name of the man [is] Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites from Beth-Lehem-Judah; and they come into the fields of Moab, and are there.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He was named Elimelech, and his wife Noemi: and his two sons, the one Mahalon, and the other Chelion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem Juda. And entering into the country of Moab, they abode there.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the name of the man [was] Elimelech, and the name of his wife, Naomi, and the name of his two sonnes, Mahlon, and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem Iudah: and they came into the countrey of Moab, and continued there.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the man's name [was] Elimelech, and his wife's name Naomi{gr.Noemin}, and the names of his two sons Maalon and Chelaion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem{gr.Bethleem} of Judah{gr.Juda}: and they came to the land of Moab, and remained there.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the name of the man [was] Elimelekh, and the name of his wife Noomi, and the name of his two sons Machlon and Kilyon, Efrathim of Beth Lechem Yehudah. And they came into the country of Moav, and continued there.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of the man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[was] lmele אֱלִימֶלֶך, 458
{0458} Prime
אֱלִימֶלֶךְ
'Eliymelek
{el-ee-meh'-lek}
From H0410 and H4428; God of (the) king; Elimelek, an Israelite.
and the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of his wife 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
No`m נָעֳמִי, 5281
{5281} Prime
נָעֳמִי
No`omiy
{no-om-ee'}
From H5278; pleasant; Noomi, an Israelitess.
and the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of his two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
Maln מַחלוֹן 4248
{4248} Prime
מַחְלוֹן
Machlown
{makh-lone'}
From H2470; sick; Machlon, an Israelite.
and Cilyn כִּליוֹן, 3630
{3630} Prime
כִּלְיוֹן
Kilyown
{kil-yone'}
A form of H3631; Kiljon, an Israelite.
Efrm אֶפרָתִים 673
{0673} Prime
אֶפְרָתִי
'Ephrathiy
{ef-rawth-ee'}
Patrial from H0672; an Ephrathite or an Ephraimite.
of B Leem Yh בֵּית־לֶחֶם־יְהוּדָה. 1035
{1035} Prime
בֵּית לֶחֶם
Beyth Lechem
{bayth leh'-khem}
From H1004 and H3899; house of bread; Beth-Lechem, a place in Palestine.
3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
And they came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into the country 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
of Mv מוֹאָב, 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
and continued x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
there. x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ruth 1:2

_ _ Elimelech — signifies “My God is king.”

_ _ Naomi — “fair or pleasant”; and their two sons, Mahlon and Chilion, are supposed to be the same as Joash and Saraph (1 Chronicles 4:22).

_ _ Ephrathites — The ancient name of Beth-lehem was Ephrath (Genesis 35:19; Genesis 48:7), which was continued after the occupation of the land by the Hebrews, even down to the time of the prophet Micah (Micah 5:2).

_ _ Beth-lehem-judah — so called to distinguish it from a town of the same name in Zebulun. The family, compelled to emigrate to Moab through pressure of a famine, settled for several years in that country. After the death of their father, the two sons married Moabite women. This was a violation of the Mosaic law (Deuteronomy 7:3; Deuteronomy 23:3; Ezra 9:2; Nehemiah 13:23); and Jewish writers say that the early deaths of both the young men were divine judgments inflicted on them for those unlawful connections.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ruth 1:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ruth 1:2

Ephrathites — Bethlehem was otherwise called Ephratha. Naomi signifies my amiable or pleasant one: Mahlon and Chilon signify sickness and consumption. Probably they were sickly children, and not likely to be long — lived. Such are the products of our pleasant things, weak and infirm, fading and dying.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Elimelech:
The Rabbins say, that Elimelech was the son of Salmon, who married Rahab; and that Naomi was his niece.

Naomi:

Ruth 1:20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.

Mahlon:
It is imagined, and not without probability, that Mahlon and Chilion are the same with Joash and Saraph, mentioned in
1 Chronicles 4:22 And Jokim, and the men of Chozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who had the dominion in Moab, and Jashubilehem. And [these are] ancient things.
.

Ephrathites:

Genesis 35:19 And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which [is] Bethlehem.
1 Samuel 1:1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name [was] Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:
1 Samuel 17:21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.

continued:
Heb. were
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 35:19. Ru 1:20. 1S 1:1; 17:21. 1Ch 4:22. Mi 5:2.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Ruth 1:2.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Ruth 1:2


Recent Chat Bible Comments