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Romans 9:33 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— even as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence: And he that believeth on him shall not be put to shame.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— just as it is written, “BEHOLD, I LAY IN ZION A STONE OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE, AND HE WHO BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling-stone, and rock of offense: and whoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— according as it is written, Behold, I place in Zion a stone of stumbling and rock of offence: and he that believes on him shall not be ashamed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Even as it is written—Lo! I lay in Zion, a stone to strike against and a rock to stumble over, and, he that resteth faith thereupon, shall not be put to shame.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— according as it hath been written, 'Lo, I place in Sion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence; and every one who is believing thereon shall not be ashamed.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As it is written: Behold I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and a rock of scandal. And whosoever believeth in him shall not be confounded.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As it is written, Beholde, I lay in Sion a stumbling stone, and rocke of offence: and whosoeuer beleeueth on him, shall not be ashamed.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling And a rock of offence; And whosoever in him shall believe Shall not be ashamed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— As it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling-stone, and a stone of offence: and he who believeth in him, shall not be ashamed.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
it is written, 1125
{1125} Prime
γράφω
grapho
{graf'-o}
A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively to describe.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
Behold, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
I lay 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Sion 4622
{4622} Prime
Σιών
Sion
{see-own'}
Of Hebrew origin [H6726]; Sion (that is, Tsijon), a hill of Jerusalem; figuratively the Church (militant or triumphant).
a stumblingstone 3037
{3037} Prime
λίθος
lithos
{lee'-thos}
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
4348
{4348} Prime
πρόσκομμα
proskomma
{pros'-kom-mah}
From G4350; a stub, that is, (figuratively) occasion of apostasy.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
rock 4073
{4073} Prime
πέτρα
petra
{pet'-ra}
Feminine of the same as G4074; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively).
of offence: 4625
{4625} Prime
σκάνδαλον
skandalon
{skan'-dal-on}
A 'scandal'; probably from a derivative of G2578; a trap stick (bent sapling), that is, snare (figuratively cause of displeasure or sin).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
whosoever 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
believeth 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
shall y2617
[2617] Standard
καταισχύνω
kataischuno
{kat-ahee-skhoo'-no}
From G2596 and G0153; to shame down, that is, disgrace or (by implication) put to the blush.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
be ashamed. 2617
{2617} Prime
καταισχύνω
kataischuno
{kat-ahee-skhoo'-no}
From G2596 and G0153; to shame down, that is, disgrace or (by implication) put to the blush.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:32-33.


Romans 9:33

_ _ As it is written — (Isaiah 8:14; Isaiah 28:16).

_ _ Behold, etc. — Two Messianic predictions are here combined, as is not unusual in quotations from the Old Testament. Thus combined, the prediction brings together both the classes of whom the apostle is treating: those to whom Messiah should be only a stone of stumbling, and those who were to regard Him as the Cornerstone of all their hopes. Thus expounded, this chapter presents no serious difficulties, none which do not arise out of the subject itself, whose depths are unfathomable; whereas on every other view of it the difficulty of giving it any consistent and worthy interpretation is in our judgment insuperable.

_ _ Note,

_ _ (1) To speak and act “in Christ,” with a conscience not only illuminated, but under the present operation of the Holy Ghost, is not peculiar to the supernaturally inspired, but is the privilege, and ought to be the aim, of every believer (Romans 9:1).

_ _ (2) Grace does not destroy, but only intensify and elevate, the feelings of nature; and Christians should study to show this (Romans 9:2, Romans 9:3).

_ _ (3) To belong to the visible Church of God, and enjoy its high and holy distinctions, is of the sovereign mercy of God, and should be regarded with devout thankfulness (Romans 9:4, Romans 9:5).

_ _ (4) Yet the most sacred external distinctions and privileges will avail nothing to salvation without the heart’s submission to the righteousness of God (Romans 9:31-33).

_ _ (5) What manner of persons ought “God’s elect” to be — in humility, when they remember that He hath saved them and called them, not according to their works, but according to His own purpose and grace, given them in Christ Jesus before the world began (2 Timothy 1:9); in thankfulness, for “Who maketh thee to differ, and what hast thou that thou didst not receive?” (1 Corinthians 4:7); in godly jealousy over themselves; remembering that “God is not mocked,” but “whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap” (Galatians 6:7); in diligence “to make our calling and election sure” (2 Peter 1:10); and yet in calm confidence that “whom God predestinates, and calls, and justifies, them (in due time) He also glorifies” (Romans 8:30).

_ _ (6) On all subjects which from their very nature lie beyond human comprehension, it will be our wisdom to set down what God says in His word, and has actually done in His procedure towards men, as indisputable, even though it contradict the results at which in the best exercise of our limited judgment we may have arrived (Romans 9:14-23).

_ _ (7) Sincerity in religion, or a general desire to be saved, with assiduous efforts to do right, will prove fatal as a ground of confidence before God, if unaccompanied by implicit submission to His revealed method of salvation (Romans 9:31-33).

_ _ (8) In the rejection of the great mass of the chosen people, and the inbringing of multitudes of estranged Gentiles, God would have men to see a law of His procedure, which the judgment of the great day will more vividly reveal that “the last shall be first and the first last” (Matthew 20:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:30-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:33

As it is written — Foretold by their own prophet. Behold, I lay in Sion — I exhibit in my church, what, though it is in truth the only sure foundation of happiness, yet will be in fact a stumblingstone and rock of offence — An occasion of ruin to many, through their obstinate unbelief. Isaiah 8:14; Isaiah 28:16

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Behold:

Psalms 118:22 The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.
Isaiah 8:14-15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. ... And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Matthew 21:44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
1 Peter 2:7-8 Unto you therefore which believe [he is] precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, ... And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

and whosoever:

Romans 5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 10:11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Psalms 25:2-3 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me. ... Yea, let none that wait on thee be ashamed: let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.
Psalms 25:20 O keep my soul, and deliver me: let me not be ashamed; for I put my trust in thee.
Isaiah 45:17 [But] Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.
Isaiah 54:4 Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more.
Joel 2:26-27 And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed. ... And ye shall know that I [am] in the midst of Israel, and [that] I [am] the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.
Philippians 1:20 According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death.
2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.
1 John 2:28 And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming.

ashamed:
or, confounded,
1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 25:2, 20; 118:22. Is 8:14; 28:16; 45:17; 54:4. Jol 2:26. Mt 21:42, 44. Ro 5:5; 10:11. Php 1:20. 2Ti 1:12. 1P 2:6, 7. 1Jn 2:28.

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