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Romans 9:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Why? Because [they did] not [pursue it] by faith, but as though [it were] by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling-stone;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore? Because [it was] not on the principle of faith, but as of works. They have stumbled at the stumblingstone,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore? Because, not by faith but as by works, [have they sought it]: they have stumbled at the stone of stumbling,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore? because—not by faith, but as by works of law; for they did stumble at the stone of stumbling,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why so? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were of works. For they stumbled at the stumblingstone.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore? because [they sought it], not by faith, but as it were by the works of the Law: for they stumbled at that stumbling stone,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For why? Because it was not by faith, but by the works of the law: for they stumbled at the stone of stumbling;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And why? Because [they sought it], not by faith, but by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling-stone:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore? 1302
{1302} Prime
διατί
diati
{dee-at-ee'}
From G1223 and G5101; through what cause?, that is, why?.
Because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
[they sought it] not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
as y5613
[5613] Standard
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
it were x5613
(5613) Complement
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
of the law. 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
they stumbled 4350
{4350} Prime
προσκόπτω
proskopto
{pros-kop'-to}
From G4314 and G2875; to strike at, that is, surge against (as water); specifically to stub on, that is, trip up (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
at that stumblingstone; 3037
{3037} Prime
λίθος
lithos
{lee'-thos}
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
4348
{4348} Prime
πρόσκομμα
proskomma
{pros'-kom-mah}
From G4350; a stub, that is, (figuratively) occasion of apostasy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 9:32-33

_ _ Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were — rather simply, “as”

_ _ by the works of the law — as if it were thus attainable, which justification is not: Since, therefore, it is attainable only by faith, they missed it.

_ _ for — it is doubtful if this particle was originally in the text.

_ _ they stumbled at that stumbling-stone — better, “against the stone of stumbling,” meaning Christ. But in this they only did.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:30-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:32

And wherefore have they not? Is it because God eternally decreed they should not? There is nothing like this to be met with but agreeable to his argument the apostle gives us this good reason for it, Because they sought it not by faith — Whereby alone it could be attained. But as it were — In effect, if not professsedly, by works. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone — Christ crucified.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 9:32

Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the (s) works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;

(s) Seeking to attain righteousness, they followed the law of righteousness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Because:

Romans 4:16 Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
Matthew 19:16-20 And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? ... The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?
John 6:27-29 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. ... Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.
Acts 16:30-34 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ... And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.
1 John 5:9-12 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son. ... He that hath the Son hath life; [and] he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.

they stumbled:

Romans 11:11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but [rather] through their fall salvation [is come] unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.
Matthew 13:57 And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.
Luke 2:34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this [child] is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;
Luke 7:23 And blessed is [he], whosoever shall not be offended in me.
1 Corinthians 1:23 But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 13:57; 19:16. Lk 2:34; 7:23. Jn 6:27. Ac 16:30. Ro 4:16; 10:3; 11:11. 1Co 1:23. 1Jn 5:9.

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