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Romans 9:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I could wish that I myself were anathema from Christ for my brethren's sake, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For I could wish that I myself were accursed, [separated] from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ, for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for I have wished, I myself, to be a curse from the Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen, according to flesh;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For I could have wished to be accursed, even I myself, from the Christ, in behalf of my brethren my kinsmen according to the flesh;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for I was wishing, I myself, to be anathema from the Christ—for my brethren, my kindred, according to the flesh,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I wished myself to be an anathema from Christ, for my brethren: who are my kinsmen according to the flesh:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I could wish that my selfe were accursed from Christ, for my brethren my kinsemen according to the flesh:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For I could pray that I myself might be one accursed from Meshiha instead of my brethren and my kinsmen who are in the flesh;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For I have prayed, that I myself might be accursed from Messiah, for my brethren and my kinsmen in the flesh:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
could wish 2172
{2172} Prime
εὔχομαι
euchomai
{yoo'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to wish; by implication to pray to God.
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
that myself y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
were 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
accursed 331
{0331} Prime
ἀνάθεμα
anathema
{an-ath'-em-ah}
From G0394; a (religious) ban or (concretely) excommunicated (thing or person).
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
kinsmen 4773
{4773} Prime
συγγενής
suggenes
{soong-ghen-ace'}
From G4862 and G1085; a relative (by blood); by extension a fellow countryman.
according 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to the flesh: 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 9:3

_ _ For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for — “in behalf of”

_ _ my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh — In proportion as he felt himself severed from his nation, he seems to have realized all the more vividly their natural relationship. To explain away the wish here expressed, as too strong for any Christian to utter or conceive, some have rendered the opening words, “I did wish,” referring it to his former unenlightened state; a sense of the words too tame to be endured: others unwarrantably soften the sense of the word “accursed.” But our version gives the true import of the original; and if it be understood as the language rather of “strong and indistinct emotions than of definite ideas” [Hodge], expressing passionately how he felt his whole being swallowed up in the salvation of his people, the difficulty will vanish, and we shall be reminded of the similar idea so nobly expressed by Moses (Exodus 32:32).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:3

I could wish — Human words cannot fully describe the motions of souls that are full of God. As if he had said, I could wish to suffer in their stead; yea, to be an anathema from Christ in their place. In how high a sense he wished this, who can tell, unless himself had been asked and had resolved the question? Certainly he did not then consider himself at all, but only others and the glory of God. The thing could not be; yet the wish was pious and solid; though with a tacit condition, if it were right and possible.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 9:3

For I could wish that myself were (a) accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the (b) flesh:

(a) The apostle loved his brethren so completely that if it had been possible he would have been ready to have redeemed the castaways of the Israelites with the loss of his own soul forever: for this word "accursed" signifies as much in this place.

(b) Being brethren by flesh, as from one nation and country.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I could:

Exodus 32:32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.

were:

Deuteronomy 21:23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged [is] accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance.
Joshua 6:17-18 And the city shall be accursed, [even] it, and all that [are] therein, to the LORD: only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that [are] with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent. ... And ye, in any wise keep [yourselves] from the accursed thing, lest ye make [yourselves] accursed, when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.
1 Samuel 14:24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed [be] the man that eateth [any] food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted [any] food.
1 Samuel 14:44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.
Galatians 1:8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Galatians 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:

accursed:
or, separated

my kinsmen:

Romans 11:1 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, [of] the tribe of Benjamin.
Genesis 29:14 And Laban said to him, Surely thou [art] my bone and my flesh. And he abode with him the space of a month.
Esther 8:6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?
Acts 7:23-26 And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. ... And the next day he shewed himself unto them as they strove, and would have set them at one again, saying, Sirs, ye are brethren; why do ye wrong one to another?
Acts 13:26 Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 29:14. Ex 32:32. Dt 21:23. Jsh 6:17. 1S 14:24, 44. Es 8:6. Ac 7:23; 13:26. Ro 11:1. Ga 1:8; 3:10, 13.

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