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Romans 9:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And, as Isaiah hath said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And just as Isaiah foretold, “UNLESS THE LORD OF SABAOTH HAD LEFT TO US A POSTERITY, WE WOULD HAVE BECOME LIKE SODOM, AND WOULD HAVE RESEMBLED GOMORRAH.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as Isaiah said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodom, and been made like Gomorrah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And according as Esaias said before, Unless [the] Lord of hosts had left us a seed, we had been as Sodom, and made like even as Gomorrha.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, even as Isaiah hath before said,—If, the Lord of hosts, had not left us a seed, as Sodom, had we become, and, as Gomorrha, had we been made like.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and according as Isaiah saith before, 'Except the Lord of Sabaoth did leave to us a seed, as Sodom we had become, and as Gomorrah we had been made like.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Isaias foretold: Unless the Lord of Sabbath had left us a seed, we had been made as Sodom and we had been like unto Gomorrha.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabboth had left vs a seed, we had bene as Sodoma, and bene made like vnto Gomorrha.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And as that which Eshaia had said before: Unless the Lord of sebaoth had left to us a residue, as Sedum should we have been, and to Amura have been likened.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And according to what Isaiah had before said: If the Lord of hosts had not favored us with a residue, we had been as Sodom, and had been like Gomorrha.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
Esaias 2268
{2268} Prime
Ἠσαΐας
Hesaias
{hay-sah-ee'-as}
Of Hebrew origin [H3470]; Hesaias (that is, Jeshajah), an Israelite.
said before, 4280
{4280} Prime
προερέω
proereo
{pro-er-eh'-o}
From G4253 and G2046; used as alternate of G4277; to say already, predict.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
Except 1508
{1508} Prime
εἴ μή
ei me
{i may}
From G1487 and G3361; if not.
the Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
of Sabaoth 4519
{4519} Prime
Σαβαώθ
sabaoth
{sab-ah-owth'}
Of Hebrew origin ([H6635] in feminine plural); armies; sabaoth (that is, tsebaoth), a military epithet of God.
had left 1459
{1459} Prime
ἐγκαταλείπω
egkataleipo
{eng-kat-al-i'-po}
From G1722 and G2641; to leave behind in some place, that is, (in a good sense) let remain over, or (in a bad one) to desert.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
a seed, 4690
{4690} Prime
σπέρμα
sperma
{sper'-mah}
From G4687; somethng sown, that is, seed (including the male 'sperm'); by implication offspring; specifically a remnant (figuratively as if kept over for planting).
we had been 302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5675
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
Sodoma, 4670
{4670} Prime
Σόδομα
Sodoma
{sod'-om-ah}
Plural, of Hebrew origin [H5467]; Sodoma (that is, Sedom), a place in Palestine.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
been made like 302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
3666
{3666} Prime
ὁμοιόω
homoioo
{hom-oy-o'-o}
From G3664; to assimilate, that is, compare; passively to become similar.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
unto 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
Gomorrha. 1116
{1116} Prime
Γόμορρα
Gomorrha
{gom'-or-hrhah}
Of Hebrew origin [H6017]; Gomorrha (that is, Amorah), a place near the Dead Sea.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:27-29.


Romans 9:29

_ _ And as Esaias said — “hath said”

_ _ before — that is, probably in an earlier part of his book, namely, Isaiah 1:9.

_ _ Except the Lord of Sabaoth — that is, “The Lord of Hosts”: the word is Hebrew, but occurs so in the Epistle of James (James 5:4), and has thence become naturalized in our Christian phraseology.

_ _ had left us a seed — meaning a “remnant”; small at first, but in due time to be a seed of plenty (compare Psalms 22:30, Psalms 22:31; Isaiah 6:12, Isaiah 6:13).

_ _ we had been — “become”

_ _ as Sodom, etc. — But for this precious seed, the chosen people would have resembled the cities of the plain, both in degeneracy of character and in merited doom.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:25-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:29

As Isaiah had said before — Namely, Isaiah 1:9, concerning those who were besieged in Jerusalem by Rezin and Pekah. Unless the Lord had left us a seed — Which denotes, The present paucity: The future abundance. We had been as Sodom — So that it is no unexampled thing for the main body of the Jewish nation to revolt from God, and perish in their sin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 9:29

And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of (c) Sabaoth had left us a (d) seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.

(c) Armies, by which word the greatest power that exists is attributed to God.

(d) Even as very few.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Except:

Isaiah 1:9 Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, [and] we should have been like unto Gomorrah.
Isaiah 6:13 But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance thereof.
Lamentations 3:22 [It is of] the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.

Sabaoth:

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

we had been:

Genesis 19:24-25 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; ... And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.
Isaiah 13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
Jeremiah 49:18 As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour [cities] thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.
Jeremiah 50:40 As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour [cities] thereof, saith the LORD; [so] shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.
Lamentations 4:6 For the punishment of the iniquity of the daughter of my people is greater than the punishment of the sin of Sodom, that was overthrown as in a moment, and no hands stayed on her.
Amos 4:11 I have overthrown [some] of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Zephaniah 2:6 And the sea coast shall be dwellings [and] cottages for shepherds, and folds for flocks.

Sodoma:
Gomorrah,
2 Peter 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
Jude 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
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Gn 19:24. Is 1:9; 6:13; 13:19. Jr 49:18; 50:40. Lm 3:22; 4:6. Am 4:11. Zp 2:6. Jm 5:4. 2P 2:6. Jde 1:7.

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