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Romans 9:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why didst thou make me thus?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— On the contrary, who are you, O man, who answers back to God? The thing molded will not say to the molder, “Why did you make me like this,” will it?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— No, but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Aye, but thou, O man, who art *thou* that answerest again to God? Shall the thing formed say to him that has formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— O man! Who, nevertheless, art, thou, that art answering again unto God? Shall the thing formed say unto him that formed it—Why didst thou make me thus?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— nay, but, O man, who art thou that art answering again to God? shall the thing formed say to Him who did form [it], Why me didst thou make thus?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it: Why hast thou made me thus?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Nay but O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Who then art thou, O man, who givest answer against Aloha? Will the mass say to him who formeth it, Why thus hast thou formed me?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Thou, thus! Who art thou? O man; that thou repliest against God! Shall the potter's vessel say to the former of it, Why hast thou formed me so?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Nay but, 3304
{3304} Prime
μενοῦνγε
menounge
{men-oon'-geh}
From G3303 and G3767 and G1065; so then at least.
O 5599
{5599} Prime

o
{o}
As a sign of the vocative O; as a note of exclamation. oh.
man, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
that repliest against 470
{0470} Prime
ἀνταποκρίνομαι
antapokrinomai
{an-tap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0473 and G0611; to contradict or dispute.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
God? 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
Shall y2046
[2046] Standard
ἐρέω
ereo
{er-eh'-o}
Probably a fuller form of G4483; an alternate for G2036 in certain tenses; to utter, that is, speak or say.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
thing formed 4110
{4110} Prime
πλάσμα
plasma
{plas'-mah}
From G4111; something moulded.
say 2046
{2046} Prime
ἐρέω
ereo
{er-eh'-o}
Probably a fuller form of G4483; an alternate for G2036 in certain tenses; to utter, that is, speak or say.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
to him that formed 4111
{4111} Prime
πλάσσω
plasso
{plas'-so}
A primary verb; to mould, that is, shape or fabricate.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
[it], Why 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
hast thou made 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
me 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
thus? 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 9:20-21

_ _ Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made — “didst thou make”

_ _ me thus? — (Isaiah 45:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:14-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:20

Nay, but who art thou, O man — Little, impotent, ignorant man. That repliest against God — That accusest God of injustice, for himself fixing the terms on which he will show mercy? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus — Why hast thou made me capable of honour and immortality, only by believing?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 9:20

(17) Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? (18) Shall the thing (u) formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?

(17) The apostle does not answer that it is not God's will, or that God does not either reject or elect according to his pleasure, which thing the wicked call blasphemy, but he rather grants his adversary both the antecedents, that is, that it is God's will, and that is must of necessity so happen, yet he denies that God is therefore to be thought an unjust avenger of the wicked: for seeing that it appears by manifest proof that this is the will of God, and his doing, what impudency is it for man, who is but dust and ashes, to dispute with God, and as it were to call him into judgment? Now if any man say that the doubt is not so dissolved and answered, I answer, that there is no surer demonstration in any matter, because it is grounded upon this principle, that the will of God is the rule of righteousness.

(18) An amplification of the former answer, taken from a comparison, by which it also appears that God's determinate counsel is set by Paul as the highest of all causes: so that it depends not in any way on the second causes, but rather shapes and directs them.

(u) This similitude agrees very properly to the first creation of mankind.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
O man:

Romans 2:1 Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.
Micah 6:8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what [is] good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?
1 Corinthians 7:16 For what knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save [thy] husband? or how knowest thou, O man, whether thou shalt save [thy] wife?
James 2:20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

who art:

Job 33:13 Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters.
Job 36:23 Who hath enjoined him his way? or who can say, Thou hast wrought iniquity?
Job 38:2-3 Who [is] this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? ... Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.
Job 40:2 Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct [him]? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.
Job 40:5 Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: yea, twice; but I will proceed no further.
Job 40:8 Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous?
Job 42:2-6 I know that thou canst do every [thing], and [that] no thought can be withholden from thee. ... Wherefore I abhor [myself], and repent in dust and ashes.
Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?

repliest:
or, answerest again,
Job 16:3 Shall vain words have an end? or what emboldeneth thee that thou answerest?
Titus 2:9 [Exhort] servants to be obedient unto their own masters, [and] to please [them] well in all [things]; not answering again;
, or, disputes with God,
1 Corinthians 1:20 Where [is] the wise? where [is] the scribe? where [is] the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?
1 Timothy 6:5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.

Shall:

Isaiah 29:16 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?
Isaiah 45:9-11 Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands? ... Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.
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Jb 16:3; 33:13; 36:23; 38:2; 40:2, 5, 8; 42:2. Is 29:16; 45:9. Mi 6:8. Mt 20:15. Ro 2:1. 1Co 1:20; 7:16. 1Ti 6:5. Tit 2:9. Jm 2:20.

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