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Romans 9:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he still find fault? For who withstandeth his will?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? For who resists His will?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou wilt say then to me, Why doth he yet find fault? for who hath resisted his will?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou wilt say to me then, Why does he yet find fault? for who resists his purpose?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou wilt say to me, then—Why longer findeth he fault? For, his purpose, who hath withstood?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thou wilt say, then, to me, 'Why yet doth He find fault? for His counsel who hath resisted?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou wilt say therefore to me: Why doth he then find fault? For who resisteth his will?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou wilt say then vnto mee; Why doeth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Perhaps thou wilt say, Of what then doth he complain; for who shall arise against his will?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But, perhaps thou wilt say: Of what [then] doth he complain? For, who hath resisted his pleasure?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou wilt say 2046
{2046} Prime
ἐρέω
ereo
{er-eh'-o}
Probably a fuller form of G4483; an alternate for G2036 in certain tenses; to utter, that is, speak or say.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
then 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
unto me, 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
Why 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
doth he yet 2089
{2089} Prime
ἔτι
eti
{et'-ee}
Perhaps akin to G2094; 'yet', still (of time or degree).
find fault? 3201
{3201} Prime
μέμφομαι
memphomai
{mem'-fom-ahee}
Middle voice of an apparently primary verb; to blame.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
hath resisted 436
{0436} Prime
ἀνθίστημι
anthistemi
{anth-is'-tay-mee}
From G0473 and G2476; to stand against, that is, oppose.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
will? 1013
{1013} Prime
βούλημα
boulema
{boo'-lay-mah}
From G1014; a resolve.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 9:19

_ _ Thou shalt say then unto me, Why — “Why then” is the true reading.

_ _ doth he yet find fault? for who hath resisted — “Who resisteth”

_ _ his will? — that is, “This doctrine is incompatible with human responsibility”; If God chooses and rejects, pardons and punishes, whom He pleases, why are those blamed who, if rejected by Him, cannot help sinning and perishing? This objection shows quite as conclusively as the former the real nature of the doctrine objected to — that it is Election and Non-election to eternal salvation prior to any difference of personal character; this is the only doctrine that could suggest the objection here stated, and to this doctrine the objection is plausible. What now is the apostle’s answer? It is twofold. First: “It is irreverence and presumption in the creature to arraign the Creator.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:14-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:19

Why doth he still find fault — The particle still is strongly expressive of the objector's sour, morose murmuring. For who hath resisted his will — The word his likewise expresses his surliness and aversion to God, whom he does not even deign to name.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 9:19

(16) Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?

(16) Another objection, but only for the reprobate, rising upon the former answer. If God appoints to everlasting destruction, such as he wishes, and if that which he has decreed cannot be hindered nor withstood, how does he justly condemn those who perish by his will?

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thou:

Romans 3:8 And not [rather], (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just.
1 Corinthians 15:12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
1 Corinthians 15:35 But some [man] will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come?
James 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:

Why doth:

Romans 3:5-7 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? [Is] God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man) ... For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?
Genesis 50:20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; [but] God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as [it is] this day, to save much people alive.
2 Chronicles 20:6 And said, O LORD God of our fathers, [art] not thou God in heaven? and rulest [not] thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in thine hand [is there not] power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee?
Job 9:12-15 Behold, he taketh away, who can hinder him? who will say unto him, What doest thou? ... Whom, though I were righteous, [yet] would I not answer, [but] I would make supplication to my judge.
Job 9:19 If [I speak] of strength, lo, [he is] strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time [to plead]?
Job 23:13-14 But he [is] in one [mind], and who can turn him? and [what] his soul desireth, even [that] he doeth. ... For he performeth [the thing that is] appointed for me: and many such [things are] with him.
Psalms 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.
Isaiah 10:6-7 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. ... Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but [it is] in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few.
Isaiah 46:10-11 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times [the things] that are not [yet] done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure: ... Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken [it], I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed [it], I will also do it.
Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth [are] reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and [among] the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?
Mark 14:21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.
Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
Acts 4:27-28 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, ... For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 50:20. 2Ch 20:6. Jb 9:12, 19; 23:13. Ps 76:10. Is 10:6; 46:10. Dn 4:35. Mk 14:21. Ac 2:23; 4:27. Ro 3:5, 8. 1Co 15:12, 35. Jm 1:13.

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