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Romans 9:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For He says to Moses, “I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For he says to Moses, I will shew mercy to whom I will shew mercy, and I will feel compassion for whom I will feel compassion.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, unto Moses, he saith—I will have mercy upon whomsoever I can have mercy, and I will have compassion upon whomsoever I can have compassion.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for to Moses He saith, 'I will do kindness to whom I do kindness, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For he saith to Moses: I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy. And I will shew mercy to whom I will shew mercy.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For hee saith to Moses, I will haue mercy on whom I wil haue mercie, and I will haue compassion on whom I will haue compassion.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— behold, also, he said unto Musha, I will have mercy upon whom I will have mercy, and I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Behold, to Moses also he said: I will have pity, on whom I will have pity; and I will be merciful, to whom I will be merciful.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to Moses, 3475
{3475} Prime
Μωσεῦς
Moseus
{moce-yoos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
I will have mercy x1653
(1653) Complement
ἐλεέω
eleeo
{el-eh-eh'-o}
From G1656; to compassionate (by word or deed, specifically by divine grace).
on y1653
[1653] Standard
ἐλεέω
eleeo
{el-eh-eh'-o}
From G1656; to compassionate (by word or deed, specifically by divine grace).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
I will have mercy, 1653
{1653} Prime
ἐλεέω
eleeo
{el-eh-eh'-o}
From G1656; to compassionate (by word or deed, specifically by divine grace).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
I will have compassion 3627
{3627} Prime
οἰκτ[ε]ίρω
oikteiro
{oyk-ti'-ro}
Also in certain tenses prolonged οἰκτερέω [[oiktereo]], {oyk-ter-eh'-o}; from οἰκτος [[oiktos]] (pity); to exercise pity.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
on whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
I will have compassion. 3627
{3627} Prime
οἰκτ[ε]ίρω
oikteiro
{oyk-ti'-ro}
Also in certain tenses prolonged οἰκτερέω [[oiktereo]], {oyk-ter-eh'-o}; from οἰκτος [[oiktos]] (pity); to exercise pity.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 9:15

_ _ For he saith to Moses — (Exodus 33:19).

_ _ I will have mercy on whom I will have — “on whom I have”

_ _ mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have — “on whom I have”

_ _ compassion — “There can be no unrighteousness in God’s choosing whom He will, for to Moses He expressly claims the right to do so.” Yet it is worthy of notice that this is expressed in the positive rather than the negative form: not, “I will have mercy on none but whom I will”; but, “I will have mercy on whomsoever I will.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:14-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:15

Exodus 33:19.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 9:15

(11) For he saith to Moses, I will (o) have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have (p) compassion on whom I will have compassion.

(11) He answers first with regard to those who are chosen to salvation, in the choosing of whom he denies that God may seem unjust, although he chooses and predestinates to salvation those that are not yet born, without any respect of worthiness: because he does not bring the chosen to the appointed end except by the means of his mercy, which is a cause discussed under predestination. Now mercy presupposes misery, and again, misery presupposes sin or voluntary corruption of mankind, and corruption presupposes a pure and perfect creation. Moreover, mercy is shown by her degrees: that is, by calling, by faith, by justification and sanctification, so that at length we come to glorification, as the apostle will show afterwards. Now all these things orderly following the purpose of God, do clearly prove that he can by no means seem unjust in loving and saving his.

(o) I will be merciful and favourable to whom I wish to be favourable.

(p) I will have compassion on whoever I wish to have compassion.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will have:

Romans 9:16 So then [it is] not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
Romans 9:18-19 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will [have mercy], and whom he will he hardeneth. ... Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
Exodus 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.
Exodus 34:6-7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, ... Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].
Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Micah 7:18 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy.
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Ex 33:19; 34:6. Is 27:11. Mi 7:18. Ro 9:16, 18.

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