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Romans 9:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, [even] by our father Isaac --
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And not only [this]; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, [even] by our father Isaac;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived [twins] by one man, our father Isaac;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And not only [this]; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, [even] by our father Isaac,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And not only [that], but Rebecca having conceived by one, Isaac our father,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, not only so, but, when, Rebekah also, was with child, of one—Isaac our father,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And not only [so], but also Rebecca, having conceived by one—Isaac our father—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And not only she. But when Rebecca also had conceived at once of Isaac our father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And not onely [this], but when Rebecca also had conceiued by one, [euen] by our father Isaac,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And not this only, but also Raphka when with one, our father Ishok, she had association,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Nor this only; but Rebecca also, when she had cohabited with one [man], our father Isaac,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
only 3440
{3440} Prime
μόνον
monon
{mon'-on}
Neuter of G3441 as adverb; merely.
[this]; but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
when Rebecca 4479
{4479} Prime
Ῥεβέκκα
Rhebekka
{hreb-bek'-kah}
Of Hebrew origin [H7259]; Rebecca (that is, Ribkah), the wife of Isaac.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
had x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
conceived 2845
{2845} Prime
κοίτη
koite
{koy'-tay}
From G2749; a couch; by extension cohabitation; by implication the male sperm.
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
one, 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[even] by our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
Isaac; 2464
{2464} Prime
Ἰσαάκ
Isaak
{ee-sah-ak'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3327]; Isaac (that is, Jitschak), the son of Abraham.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 9:10-13

_ _ And not only this; but when Rebecca, etc. — It might be thought that there was a natural reason for preferring the child of Sarah, as being Abraham’s true and first wife, both to the child of Hagar, Sarah’s maid, and to the children of Keturah, his second wife. But there could be no such reason in the case of Rebecca, Isaac’s only wife; for the choice of her son Jacob was the choice of one of two sons by the same mother and of the younger in preference to the elder, and before either of them was born, and consequently before either had done good or evil to be a ground of preference: and all to show that the sole ground of distinction lay in the unconditional choice of God — “not of works, but of Him that calleth.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 9:6-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 9:10

And that God's blessing does not belong to all the descendants of Abraham, appears not only by this instance, but by that of Esau and Jacob, who was chosen to inherit the blessing, before either of them had done good or evil. The apostle mentions this to show, that neither were their ancestors accepted through any merit of their own. That the purpose of God according to election might stand — Whose purpose was, to elect or choose the promised seed. Not of works — Not for any preceding merit in him he chose. But of him that called — Of his own good pleasure who called to that privilege whom he saw good.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 9:10

(7) And not only [this]; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, [even] by our father Isaac;

(7) Another strong and persuasive proof taken from the example of Esau and Jacob, who were both born of the same Isaac, who was the son of promise of one mother, and were born at the same time, and not at different times as Ishmael and Isaac were: and yet nonetheless, as Esau was cast off, only Jacob was chosen: and that before their birth, that neither any goodness of Jacob's might be thought to be the cause of his election, neither any wickedness of Esau to be the cause of his casting away.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
not only:

Romans 5:3 And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
Romans 5:11 And not only [so], but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
Luke 16:26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that [would come] from thence.

but when:

Genesis 25:21-23 And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she [was] barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived. ... And the LORD said unto her, Two nations [are] in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and [the one] people shall be stronger than [the other] people; and the elder shall serve the younger.
, Rebekah
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Gn 25:21. Lk 16:26. Ro 5:3, 11.

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