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Romans 8:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can it be:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able [to do so],
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God; for neither indeed can it be:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Inasmuch as, what is preferred by the flesh, [is] hostile towards God, for, unto the law of God, it doth not submit itself, neither in fact can it.—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— because the mind of the flesh [is] enmity to God, for to the law of God it doth not subject itself,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because the wisdom of the flesh is an enemy to God. For it is not subject to the law of God: neither can it be.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Because the carnall minde is enmitie against God: for it is not subiect to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Because the mind of the flesh is enmity towards Aloha; for to the law of Aloha it is not subject, for it cannot be;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Because minding the things of the flesh, is enmity towards God: for it doth not subject itself to the law of God, because it is not possible.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Because 1360
{1360} Prime
διότι
dioti
{dee-ot'-ee}
From G1223 and G3754; on the very account that, or inasmuch as.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
carnal 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
mind 5427
{5427} Prime
φρόνημα
phronema
{fron'-ay-mah}
From G5426; (mental) inclination or purpose.
[is] enmity 2189
{2189} Prime
ἔχθρα
echthra
{ekh'-thrah}
Feminine of G2190; hostility; by implication a reason for opposition.
against 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
it is y5293
[5293] Standard
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3756
[3756] Standard
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
subject 5293
{5293} Prime
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
x3756
(3756) Complement
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
of God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
neither 3761
{3761} Prime
οὐδέ
oude
{oo-deh'}
From G3756 and G1161; not however, that is, neither, nor, not even.
indeed 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
can x1410
(1410) Complement
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
be. y1410
[1410] Standard
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 8:7

_ _ Because the carnal mind is enmity against God — The desire and pursuit of carnal ends is a state of enmity to God, wholly incompatible with true life and peace in the soul.

_ _ for it is not subject — “doth not submit itself.”

_ _ to the law of God, neither indeed can be — In such a state of mind there neither is nor can be the least subjection to the law of God. Many things may be done which the law requires, but nothing either is or can be done because God’s law requires it, or purely to please God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 8:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 8:7

Enmity against God — His existence, power, and providence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 8:7

(8) Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: (9) for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

(8) A reason and proof why the wisdom of the flesh is death: because, he says, it is the enemy of God. (9) A reason why the wisdom of the flesh is enmity to God, because it neither wants to nor can be subject to him, and by flesh he means a man that is not regenerated.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the carnal mind:
Gr. the minding of the flesh,
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
Romans 1:30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
Exodus 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
2 Chronicles 19:2 And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the LORD? therefore [is] wrath upon thee from before the LORD.
Psalms 53:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good.
John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.
John 15:23-24 He that hateth me hateth my Father also. ... If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.
Ephesians 4:18-19 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: ... Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled
2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;
James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
1 John 2:15-16 Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. ... For all that [is] in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.

for it:

Romans 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
Romans 7:7-14 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ... For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
Matthew 5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach [them], the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
1 Corinthians 9:21 To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.
Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ... Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Hebrews 8:10 For this [is] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

neither:

Jeremiah 13:23 Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? [then] may ye also do good, that are accustomed to do evil.
Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.
2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
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Ex 20:5. 2Ch 19:2. Ps 53:1. Jr 13:23. Mt 5:19; 12:34. Jn 7:7; 15:23. Ro 1:28, 30; 3:31; 5:10; 7:7, 22; 8:4. 1Co 2:14; 9:21. Ga 5:22. Ep 4:18. Col 1:21. 2Ti 3:4. He 8:10. Jm 4:4. 2P 2:14. 1Jn 2:15.

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