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Romans 8:33 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who will bring a charge against God’s elect? God is the one who justifies;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who will lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who shall bring an accusation against God's elect? [It is] God who justifies:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who shall bring an accusation against the chosen ones of God? God, who declareth righteous?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who shall lay a charge against the choice ones of God? God [is] He that is declaring righteous,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who shall accuse against the elect of God? God is he that justifieth:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who shall lay any thing to the charge of Gods elect? It is God that iustifieth:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Who is against the chosen of Aloha? Aloha justifieth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Who will set himself against the chosen of God? It is God who justifieth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
shall lay any thing y1458
[1458] Standard
ἐγκαλέω
egkaleo
{eng-kal-eh'-o}
From G1722 and G2564; to call in (as a debt or demand), that is, bring to account (charge, criminate, etc.).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
to the charge 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
x1458
(1458) Complement
ἐγκαλέω
egkaleo
{eng-kal-eh'-o}
From G1722 and G2564; to call in (as a debt or demand), that is, bring to account (charge, criminate, etc.).
of God's 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
elect? 1588
{1588} Prime
ἐκλεκτός
eklektos
{ek-lek-tos'}
From G1586; select; by implication favorite.
[It is] God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
that justifieth. 1344
{1344} Prime
δικαιόω
dikaioo
{dik-ah-yo'-o}
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 8:33-34

_ _ Who shall lay anything to the charge of — or, “bring any charge against.”

_ _ God’s elect? — the first place in this Epistle where believers are styled “the elect.” In what sense this is meant will appear in next chapter.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 8:31-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 8:33

God's elect — The above — cited author observes, that long before the coming of Christ the heathen world revolted from the true God, and were therefore reprobated, or rejected.

But the nation of the Jews were chosen to be the people of God, and were therefore styled, "the children" or "sons of God," Deuteronomy 14:1;

"holy people," Deuteronomy 7:6; Deuteronomy 14:2;

"a chosen seed," Deuteronomy 4:37;

"the elect," Isaiah 41:8-9; Isaiah 43:10;

"the called of God," Isaiah 48:12.

And these titles were given to all the nation of Israel, including both good and bad.

Now the gospel having the most strict connexion with the Books of the Old Testament, where these phrases frequently occur; and our Lord and his apostles being native Jews, and beginning to preach in the land of Israel, the language in which they preached would of course abound with the phrases of the Jewish nation. And hence it is easy to see why such of them as would not receive him were styled reprobated. For they no longer continued to be the people of God; whereas this and those other honourable titles were continued to all such Jews as embraced Christianity. And the same appellations which once belonged to the Jewish nation were now given to the gentile Christians also together with which they were invested with all the privileges of "the chosen people of God;" and nothing could cut them off from these but their own wilful apostasy.

It does not appear that even good men were ever termed God's elect till above two thousand years from the creation. God's electing or choosing the nation of Israel, and separating them from the other nations, who were sunk in idolatry and all wickedness, gave the first occasion to this sort of language. And as the separating the Christians from the Jews was a like event, no wonder it was expressed in like words and phrases only with this difference, the term elect was of old applied to all the members of the visible church; whereas in the New Testament it is applied only to the members of the invisible.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 8:33

(27) Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] (p) God that justifieth.

(27) A most glorious and comfortable conclusion of the whole second part of this epistle, that is of the treatise of justification. There are no accusers that we have need to be afraid of before God, seeing that God himself absolves us as just: and therefore much less need we to fear damnation, seeing that we rest upon the death and resurrection, the almighty power and defence of Jesus Christ. Therefore what can there be so weighty in this life, or of so great force and power, that might cause us to fear, as though we might fall from the love of God, with which he loves us in Christ? Surely nothing, seeing that it is in itself most constant and sure, and also in us being confirmed by steadfast faith.

(p) Who pronounces us not only guiltless, but also perfectly just in his Son.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Who:

Romans 8:1 [There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Job 1:9-11 Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? ... But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face.
Job 2:4-6 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life. ... And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, he [is] in thine hand; but save his life.
Job 22:6-30 For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing. ... He shall deliver the island of the innocent: and it is delivered by the pureness of thine hands.
Job 34:8-9 Which goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, and walketh with wicked men. ... For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.
Job 42:7-9 And it was [so], that after the LORD had spoken these words unto Job, the LORD said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against thee, and against thy two friends: for ye have not spoken of me [the thing that is] right, as my servant Job [hath]. ... So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite [and] Zophar the Naamathite went, and did according as the LORD commanded them: the LORD also accepted Job.
Psalms 35:11 False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge [things] that I knew not.
Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue [that] shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This [is] the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness [is] of me, saith the LORD.
Zechariah 3:1-4 And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. ... And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.
Revelation 12:10-11 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night. ... And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

of God's:

Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, [in whom] my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?
1 Thessalonians 1:4 Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.
Titus 1:1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness;
1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

It is:

Romans 3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Isaiah 50:8-9 [He is] near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who [is] mine adversary? let him come near to me. ... Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who [is] he [that] shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.
Galatians 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Revelation 12:10-11 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night. ... And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 1:9; 2:4; 22:6; 34:8; 42:7. Ps 35:11. Is 42:1; 50:8; 54:17. Zc 3:1. Mt 24:24. Lk 18:7. Ro 3:26; 8:1. Ga 3:8. 1Th 1:4. Tit 1:1. 1P 1:2. Rv 12:10.

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