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Romans 8:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And we know that to them that love God all things work together for good, [even] to them that are called according to [his] purpose.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to [His] purpose.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And we know that all things work together for good, to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But we *do* know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to purpose.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— We know, further, that, unto them who love God, God causeth all things to work together for good,—unto them who, according to purpose, are such as he hath called;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And we have known that to those loving God all things do work together for good, to those who are called according to purpose;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And we know that to them that love God all things work together unto good: to such as, according to his purpose, are called to be saints.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And wee know that all things worke together for good, to them that loue God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BUT we know that those who love Aloha, in every thing he helpeth them for good; them whom he set before that they might be called.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And we know that he aideth him in all things, for good, who love God; them whom he predestined to be called.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
we know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
that x3754
(3754) Complement
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
work together 4903
{4903} Prime
συνεργέω
sunergeo
{soon-erg-eh'-o}
From G4904; to be a fellow worker, that is, co-operate.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
good 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
to them that y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
love 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
to them who are 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
called 2822
{2822} Prime
κλητός
kletos
{klay-tos'}
From the same as G2821; invited, that is, appointed, or (specifically) a saint.
according 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to [his] purpose. 4286
{4286} Prime
πρόθεσις
prothesis
{proth'-es-is}
From G4388; a setting forth, that is, (figuratively) proposal (intention); specifically the show bread (in the Temple) as exposed before God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 8:28

_ _ Romans 8:28-39. Third: Triumphant summary of the whole argument.

_ _ And — or, “Moreover,” or “Now”; noting a transition to a new particular.

_ _ we know, etc. — The order in the original is more striking: “We know that to them that love God” (compare 1 Corinthians 2:9; Ephesians 6:24; James 1:12; James 2:5) “all things work together for good [even] to them who are the called (rather, ‘who are called’) according to His (eternal) purpose.” Glorious assurance! And this, it seems, was a “household word,” a “known” thing, among believers. This working of all things for good is done quite naturally to “them that love God,” because such souls, persuaded that He who gave His own Son for them cannot but mean them well in all His procedure, learn thus to take in good part whatever He sends them, however trying to flesh and blood: and to them who are the called, according to “His purpose,” all things do in the same intelligible way “work together for good”; for, even when “He hath His way in the whirlwind,” they see “His chariot paved with love” (Song of Songs 3:10). And knowing that it is in pursuance of an eternal “purpose” of love that they have been “called into the fellowship of His Son Jesus Christ” (1 Corinthians 1:9), they naturally say within themselves, “It cannot be that He ‘of whom, and through whom, and to whom are all things,’ should suffer that purpose to be thwarted by anything really adverse to us, or that He should not make all things, dark as well as light, crooked as well as straight, to co-operate to the furtherance and final completion of His high design.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 8:26-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 8:28

And we know — This in general; though we do not always know particularly what to pray for. That all things — Ease or pain, poverty or riches, and the ten thousand changes of life. Work together for good — Strongly and sweetly for spiritual and eternal good. To them that are called according to his purpose — His gracious design of saving a lost world by the death of his Son. This is a new proposition. St. Paul, being about to recapitulate the whole blessing contained in justification, (termed "glorification," Romans 8:30,) first goes back to the purpose or decree of God, which is frequently mentioned in holy writ.

To explain this (nearly in the words of an eminent writer) a little more at large: — When a man has a work of time and importance before him, he pauses, consults, and contrives; and when he has laid a plan, resolves or decrees to proceed accordingly. Having observed this in ourselves, we are ready to apply it to God also; and he, in condescension to us has applied it to himself.

The works of providence and redemption are vast and stupendous, and therefore we are apt to conceive of God as deliberating and consulting on them, and then decreeing to act according to "the counsel of his own will;" as if, long before the world was made, he had been concerting measures both as to the making and governing of it, and had then writ down his decrees, which altered not, any more than the laws of the Medes and Persians. Whereas, to take this consulting and decreeing in a literal sense, would be the same absurdity as to ascribe a real human body and human passions to the ever — blessed God.

This is only a popular representation of his infallible knowledge and unchangeable wisdom; that is, he does all things as wisely as a man can possibly do, after the deepest consultation, and as steadily pursues the most proper method as one can do who has laid a scheme beforehand. But then, though the effects be such as would argue consultation and consequent decrees in man, yet what need of a moment's consultation in Him who sees all things at one view?

Nor had God any more occasion to pause and deliberate, and lay down rules for his own conduct from all eternity, than he has now. What was there any fear of his mistaking afterwards, if he had not beforehand prepared decrees, to direct him what he was to do? Will any man say, he was wiser before the creation than since? or had he then more leisure, that he should take that opportunity to settle his affairs, and make rules (or himself, from which he was never to vary?

He has doubtless the same wisdom and all other perfections at this day which he had from eternity; and is now as capable of making decrees, or rather has no more occasion for them now than formerly: his understanding being always equally clear and bright, his wisdom equally infallible.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 8:28

(25) And we know that (l) all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] (m) purpose.

(25) Eighthly, we are not afflicted, either by chance or to our harm, but by God's providence for our great profit: who as he chose us from the beginning, so has he predestined us to be made similar to the image of his Son: and therefore will bring us in his time, being called and justified, to glory, by the cross.

(l) Not only afflictions, but whatever else.

(m) He calls that "purpose" which God has from everlasting appointed with himself, according to his good will and pleasure.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we know:

Romans 8:35-39 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? ... Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans 5:3-4 And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; ... And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
Genesis 50:20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; [but] God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as [it is] this day, to save much people alive.
Deuteronomy 8:2-3 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. ... And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
Deuteronomy 8:16 Who fed thee in the wilderness with manna, which thy fathers knew not, that he might humble thee, and that he might prove thee, to do thee good at thy latter end;
Psalms 46:1-2 [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. ... Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea;
Jeremiah 24:5-7 Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Like these good figs, so will I acknowledge them that are carried away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for [their] good. ... And I will give them an heart to know me, that I [am] the LORD: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart.
Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
2 Corinthians 4:15-17 For all things [are] for your sakes, that the abundant grace might through the thanksgiving of many redound to the glory of God. ... For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory;
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
Philippians 1:19-23 For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ, ... For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
2 Thessalonians 1:5-7 [Which is] a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer: ... And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,
Hebrews 12:6-12 For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. ... Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;
James 1:3-4 Knowing [this], that the trying of your faith worketh patience. ... But let patience have [her] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
1 Peter 1:7-8 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: ... Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

them:

Romans 5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Exodus 20:6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Deuteronomy 6:5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
Nehemiah 1:5 And said, I beseech thee, O LORD God of heaven, the great and terrible God, that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love him and observe his commandments:
Psalms 69:36 The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love his name shall dwell therein.
Mark 12:30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this [is] the first commandment.
1 Corinthians 2:9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.
James 1:12 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
1 John 4:10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.
1 John 4:19 We love him, because he first loved us.
1 John 5:2-3 By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments. ... For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

the called:

Romans 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Romans 1:6-7 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ: ... To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be] saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Romans 9:11 (For [the children] being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)
Romans 9:23-24 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, ... Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
Jeremiah 51:29 And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.
Acts 13:48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.
Galatians 1:15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace,
Ephesians 1:9-10 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: ... That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; [even] in him:
Ephesians 3:11 According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:
1 Thessalonians 5:9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].
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Gn 50:20. Ex 20:6. Dt 6:5; 8:2, 16. Ne 1:5. Ps 46:1; 69:36. Jr 24:5; 51:29. Zc 13:9. Mk 12:30. Ac 13:48. Ro 1:6; 5:3, 5; 8:30, 35; 9:11, 23. 1Co 2:9. 2Co 4:15; 5:1. Ga 1:15. Ep 1:9; 3:11. Php 1:19. 1Th 5:9. 2Th 1:5; 2:13. 2Ti 2:19. He 12:6. Jm 1:3, 12; 2:5. 1P 1:7; 5:10. 1Jn 4:10, 19; 5:2. Rv 3:19.

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