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Romans 8:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for [our] adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for [our] adoption as sons, the redemption of our body.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And not only [they], but ourselves also, who have the first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And not only [that], but even *we* ourselves, who have the first-fruits of the Spirit, we also ourselves groan in ourselves, awaiting adoption, [that is] the redemption of our body.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, not only so, but, we ourselves, also, who have the firstfruit of the Spirit—[we] even ourselves, within our own selves do sigh,—sonship ardently awaiting—the redeeming of our body;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And not only [so], but also we ourselves, having the first-fruit of the Spirit, we also ourselves in ourselves do groan, adoption expecting—the redemption of our body;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And not only it, but ourselves also, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit: even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption of the sons of God, the redemption of our body.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And not only [they], but our selues also which haue the first fruites of the spirit, euen we our selues groane within our selues, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and not only they, but we also who have in us the first-fruit of the Spirit, groan within ourselves, and wait for the adoption, the redemption of our bodies.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And not only they, but we also in whom are the first fruits of the Spirit, we groan within ourselves, and look anxiously for the adoption of sons, the redemption of our bodies.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
only 3440
{3440} Prime
μόνον
monon
{mon'-on}
Neuter of G3441 as adverb; merely.
[they], but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
ourselves y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
also, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
which have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
firstfruits 536
{0536} Prime
ἀπαρχή
aparche
{ap-ar-khay'}
From a compound of G0575 and G0756; a beginning of sacrifice, that is, the (Jewish) first fruit (figuratively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
we 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
ourselves y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
groan 4727
{4727} Prime
στενάζω
stenazo
{sten-ad'-zo}
From G4728; to make (intransitively be) in straits, that is, (by implication) to sigh, murmur, pray inaudibly.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
within 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
ourselves, 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
waiting y553
[0553] Standard
ἀπεκδέχομαι
apekdechomai
{ap-ek-dekh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and G1551; to expect fully.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
for x553
(0553) Complement
ἀπεκδέχομαι
apekdechomai
{ap-ek-dekh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and G1551; to expect fully.
the adoption, 5206
{5206} Prime
υἱοθεσία
huiothesia
{hwee-oth-es-ee'-ah}
From a presumed compound of G5207 and a derivative of G5087; the placing as a son, that is, adoption (figuratively Christian sonship in respect to God).
[to wit], the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
redemption 629
{0629} Prime
ἀπολύτρωσις
apolutrosis
{ap-ol-oo'-tro-sis}
From a compound of G0575 and G3083; (the act) ransom in full, that is, (figuratively) riddance, or (specifically) Christian salvation.
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
body. 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 8:23

_ _ And not only they, but ourselves also — or “not only [so], but even we ourselves” — that is, besides the inanimate creation.

_ _ which have the first-fruits of the Spirit — or, “the Spirit as the first-fruits” of our full redemption (compare 2 Corinthians 1:22), molding the heart to a heavenly frame and attempering it to its future element.

_ _ even we ourselves — though we have so much of heaven already within us.

_ _ groan within ourselves — under this “body of sin and death,” and under the manifold “vanity and vexation of spirit” that are written upon every object and every pursuit and every enjoyment under the sun.

_ _ waiting for the — manifestation of our

_ _ adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body — from the grave: “not (be it observed) the deliverance of ourselves from the body, but the redemption of the body itself from the grave” [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 8:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 8:23

And even we, who have the first — fruits of the Spirit — That is, the Spirit, who is the first — fruits of our inheritance. The adoption — Persons who had been privately adopted among the Romans were often brought forth into the forum, and there publicly owned as their sons by those who adopted them. So at the general resurrection, when the body itself is redeemed from death, the sons of God shall be publicly owned by him in the great assembly of men and angels. The redemption of our body — From corruption to glory and immortality.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 8:23

(22) And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within (d) ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], (e) the redemption of our body.

(22) Fifthly, if the rest of the world looks for a restoring, groaning as it were for it and that not in vain, let us also sigh, indeed, let us be more certainly persuaded of our redemption to come, for we already have the first fruits of the Spirit.

(d) Even from the bottom of our hearts.

(e) The last restoring, which will be the accomplishment of our adoption.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
which have:

Romans 8:15-16 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. ... The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
Romans 5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing [is] God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ... Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)

even we:

Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
Romans 7:24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?
2 Corinthians 5:2-4 For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven: ... For we that are in [this] tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.
2 Corinthians 7:5 For, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without [were] fightings, within [were] fears.
Philippians 1:21-23 For to me to live [is] Christ, and to die [is] gain. ... For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

waiting:

Romans 8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.
Romans 8:25 But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with patience wait for [it].
Luke 20:36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
Philippians 3:20-21 For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ: ... Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.
2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.
1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.

the redemption:

Luke 21:28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.
Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lk 20:36; 21:28. Ro 5:5; 7:24; 8:15, 19, 25, 26. 2Co 5:2, 5; 7:5. Ga 5:22. Ep 1:14; 4:30; 5:9. Php 1:21; 3:20. 2Ti 4:8. Tit 2:13. He 9:28. 1P 1:7. 1Jn 3:2.

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