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Romans 8:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but by reason of him who subjected it, in hope
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for the creature has been made subject to vanity, not of its will, but by reason of him who has subjected [the same], in hope
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, unto vanity, hath creation been made subject—not by choice, but by reason of him that made it subject, in hope
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for to vanity was the creation made subject—not of its will, but because of Him who did subject [it]—in hope,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the creature was made subject to vanity: not willingly, but by reason of him that made it subject, in hope.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the creature was made subiect to vanitie, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subiected the same in hope:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the creation hath been subjected to vanity, not willingly, but on account of him who subjected her,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the creation was subjected to vanity, not by its own choice, but because of him who subjected it,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
creature 2937
{2937} Prime
κτίσις
ktisis
{ktis'-is}
From G2936; original formation (properly the act; by implication the thing, literally or figuratively).
was made subject 5293
{5293} Prime
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z5648
<5648> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 72
to vanity, 3153
{3153} Prime
ματαιότης
mataiotes
{mat-ah-yot'-ace}
From G3152; inutility; figuratively transientness; morally depravity.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
willingly, 1635
{1635} Prime
ἑκών
hekon
{hek-own'}
Of uncertain affinity; voluntary.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
by reason y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
of x1223
(1223) Complement
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
him who hath subjected 5293
{5293} Prime
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
[the same] in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
hope, 1680
{1680} Prime
ἐλπίς
elpis
{el-pece'}
From ἔλπω [[elpo]] which is a primary word (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstract or concrete) or confidence.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 8:19-22.


Romans 8:20

_ _ For the creature — “the creation.”

_ _ was made subject to vanity, not willingly — that is, through no natural principle of decay. The apostle, personifying creation, represents it as only submitting to the vanity with which it was smitten, on man’s account, in obedience to that superior power which had mysteriously linked its destinies with man’s. And so he adds

_ _ but by reason of him who hath subjected the same — “who subjected it.”

_ _ in hope — or “in hope that.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 8:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 8:20

The creation was made subject to vanity — Abuse, misery, and corruption. By him who subjected it — Namely, God, Genesis 3:17, Genesis 5:29. Adam only made it liable to the sentence which God pronounced; yet not without hope.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 8:20

For the creature was made subject to (x) vanity, not (y) willingly, but by reason (z) of him who hath subjected [the same] in (a) hope,

(x) Is subject to a vanishing and disappearing state.

(y) Not by their natural inclination.

(z) That they should obey the Creator's commandment, whom it pleased to show by their sickly state, how greatly he was displeased with man.

(a) God would not make the world subject to be cursed forever because of the sin of man, but gave it hope that it would be restored.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the creature:

Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.
Genesis 3:17-19 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed [is] the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat [of] it all the days of thy life; ... In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
Genesis 5:29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This [same] shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.
Genesis 6:13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
Job 12:6-10 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth [abundantly]. ... In whose hand [is] the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
Isaiah 24:5-6 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant. ... Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.
Jeremiah 12:4 How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of every field wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein? the beasts are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our last end.
Jeremiah 12:11 They have made it desolate, [and being] desolate it mourneth unto me; the whole land is made desolate, because no man layeth [it] to heart.
Jeremiah 14:5-6 Yea, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook [it], because there was no grass. ... And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because [there was] no grass.
Hosea 4:3 Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.
Joel 1:18 How do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have no pasture; yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate.
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Gn 3:17; 5:29; 6:13. Jb 12:6. Is 24:5. Jr 12:4, 11; 14:5. Ho 4:3. Jol 1:18. Ro 8:22.

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