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Romans 8:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The Spirit itself testifieth with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The Spirit itself bears witness with our spirit, that we are children of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Spirit itself, beareth witness together with our spirit that we are children of God;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The Spirit himself doth testify with our spirit, that we are children of God;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the Spirit himself giveth testimony to our spirit that we are the sons of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The spirit it selfe beareth witnes with our spirit, that we are the children of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the Spirit himself witnesseth with our spirit, that we are the sons of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And this Spirit testifieth to our spirit, that we are the sons of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
itself 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
beareth witness y4828
[4828] Standard
συμμαρτυρέω
summartureo
{soom-mar-too-reh'-o}
From G4862 and G3140; to testify jointly, that is, corroborate by (concurrent) evidence.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
with x4828
(4828) Complement
συμμαρτυρέω
summartureo
{soom-mar-too-reh'-o}
From G4862 and G3140; to testify jointly, that is, corroborate by (concurrent) evidence.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
we are 2070
{2070} Prime
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the children 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
of God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 8:16

_ _ The Spirit itself — It should be “Himself” (see on Romans 8:26).

_ _ beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children — “are children”

_ _ of God — The testimony of our own spirit is borne in that cry of conscious sonship, “Abba, Father”; but we are not therein alone; for the Holy Ghost within us, yea, even in that very cry which it is His to draw forth, sets His own distinct seal to ours; and thus, “in the mouth of two witnesses” the thing is established. The apostle had before called us “sons of God,” referring to our adoption; here the word changes to “children,” referring to our new birth. The one expresses the dignity to which we are admitted; the other the new life which we receive. The latter is more suitable here; because a son by adoption might not be heir of the property, whereas a son by birth certainly is, and this is what the apostle is now coming to.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 8:10-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 8:16

The same Spirit beareth witness with our spirit — With the spirit of every true believer, by a testimony distinct from that of his own spirit, or the testimony of a good conscience. Happy they who enjoy this clear and constant.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Spirit:

Romans 8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
2 Corinthians 1:22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing [is] God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
Ephesians 1:13 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
1 John 4:13 Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit.

with our:

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
1 John 3:19-22 And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. ... And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sight.
1 John 5:10 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son.
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Ro 8:23, 26. 2Co 1:12, 22; 5:5. Ep 1:13; 4:30. 1Jn 3:19; 4:13; 5:10.

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