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Romans 7:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I was once alive apart from the Law; but when the commandment came, sin became alive and I died;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But *I* was alive without law once; but the commandment having come, sin revived, but *I* died.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, I, was alive, apart from law, at one time, but, the commandment coming, sin sprang up to life,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I was alive apart from law once, and the command having come, the sin revived, and I died;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I lived some time without the law. But when the commandment came, sin revived,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I was aliue without the Law once, but when the commandement came, sinne reuiued, and I died.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I was alive without the law formerly: but when the commandment came, sin lived, and I died.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And I, without the law, was alive formerly; but when the commandment came, sin became alive, and I died;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
was alive 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
without 5565
{5565} Prime
χωρίς
choris
{kho-rece'}
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
once: 4218
{4218} Prime
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
commandment 1785
{1785} Prime
ἐντολή
entole
{en-tol-ay'}
From G1781; injunction, that is, an authoritative prescription.
came, 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
sin 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
revived, 326
{0326} Prime
ἀναζάω
anazao
{an-ad-zah'-o}
From G0303 and G2198; to recover life (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
died. 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 7:9

_ _ For I was alive without the law once — “In the days of my ignorance, when, in this sense, a stranger to the law, I deemed myself a righteous man, and, as such, entitled to life at the hand of God.”

_ _ but when the commandment came — forbidding all irregular desire; for the apostle sees in this the spirit of the whole law.

_ _ sin revived — “came to life”; in its malignity and strength it unexpectedly revealed itself, as if sprung from the dead.

_ _ and I died — “saw myself, in the eye of a law never kept and not to be kept, a dead man.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 7:7-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 7:9

And I was once alive without the law — Without the close application of it. I had much life, wisdom, virtue, strength: so I thought. But when the commandment — That is, the law, a part put for the whole; but this expression particularly intimates its compulsive force, which restrains, enjoins, urges, forbids, threatens. Came — In its spiritual meaning, to my heart, with the power of God. Sin revived, and I died — My inbred sin took fire, and all my virtue and strength died away; and I then saw myself to be dead in sin, and liable to death eternal.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 7:9

(5) For I was alive without the (q) law once: but when the commandment (r) came, sin revived, and I (s) died.

(5) He sets himself before us as an example, in whom all men may behold, first what they are by nature before they earnestly think upon the law of God: that is, stupid, and prone to sin and wickedness, without any true sense and feeling of sin, and second what manner of persons they become, when their conscience is reproved by the testimony of the Law, that is, stubborn and more inflamed with the desire for sin than they ever were before.

(q) When I did not know the law, then I thought that I indeed lived: for my conscience never troubled me, because it was not aware of my disease.

(r) When I began to understand the commandment.

(s) In sin, or by sin.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For I:

Matthew 19:20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?
Luke 10:25-29 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? ... But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?
Luke 15:29 And he answering said to [his] father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends:
Luke 18:9-12 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: ... I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Luke 18:21 And he said, All these have I kept from my youth up.
Philippians 3:5-6 Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, [of] the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; ... Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

without:

Matthew 5:21-26 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: ... Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.
Matthew 15:4-6 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. ... And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
Mark 7:8-13 For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, [as] the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do. ... Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.

but:

Romans 3:19-20 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 10:5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
Psalms 40:12 For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
James 2:10-11 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one [point], he is guilty of all. ... For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.

sin:

Romans 7:21-23 I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. ... But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

and I died:

Romans 7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, [even] to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
Romans 7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not [in] the oldness of the letter.
*marg.
Romans 7:11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew [me].
Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
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Ps 40:12. Mt 5:21; 15:4; 19:20. Mk 7:8. Lk 10:25; 15:29; 18:9, 21. Ro 3:19, 20; 7:4, 6, 11, 21; 8:7; 10:5. Ga 2:19; 3:10. Php 3:5. Jm 2:10.

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