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Romans 7:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin [is] dead.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin [was] dead.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But sin, taking opportunity through the commandment, produced in me coveting of every kind; for apart from the Law sin [is] dead.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin [was] dead.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but sin, getting a point of attack by the commandment, wrought in me every lust; for without law sin [was] dead.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Howbeit sin taking, occasion—through the commandment, wrought out in me all manner of coveting; for, apart from law, sin is dead;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Thou shalt not covet;' and the sin having received an opportunity, through the command, did work in me all covetousness—for apart from law sin is dead.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But sinne taking occasion by the commaundement, wrought in me all maner of concupiscence. For without the Law sinne [was] dead.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And by this commandment sin found for itself an occasion, and completed in me all concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and by this commandment, sin found occasion, and perfected in me all concupiscence: for without the law, sin was dead.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
sin, 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
taking 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
occasion 874
{0874} Prime
ἀφορμή
aphorme
{af-or-may'}
From a compound of G0575 and G3729; a starting point, that is, (figuratively) an opportunity.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
commandment, 1785
{1785} Prime
ἐντολή
entole
{en-tol-ay'}
From G1781; injunction, that is, an authoritative prescription.
wrought 2716
{2716} Prime
κατεργάζομαι
katergazomai
{kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee}
From G2596 and G2038; to work fully, that is, accomplish; by implication to finish, fashion.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
me 1698
{1698} Prime
ἐμοί
emoi
{em-oy'}
A prolonged form of G3427; to me.
all manner x3956
(3956) Complement
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
of y3956
[3956] Standard
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
concupiscence. 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
without 5565
{5565} Prime
χωρίς
choris
{kho-rece'}
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
sin 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
[was] dead. 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 7:7-8.


Romans 7:8

_ _ For without the law — that is, before its extensive demands and prohibitions come to operate upon our corrupt nature.

_ _ sin was — rather, “is”

_ _ dead — that is, the sinful principle of our nature lies so dormant, so torpid, that its virulence and power are unknown, and to our feeling it is as good as “dead.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 7:7-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 7:8

But sin — My inbred corruption. Taking occasion by the commandment — Forbidding, but not subduing it, was only fretted, and wrought in me so much the more all manner of evil desire. For while I was without the knowledge of the law, sin was dead — Neither so apparent, nor so active; nor was I under the least apprehensions of any danger from it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 7:8

But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin [was] (p) dead.

(p) Though sin is in us, yet it is not known as sin, neither does it rage in the same way that it rages after the law is known.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sin:

Romans 7:11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew [me].
Romans 7:13 Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.
Romans 7:17 Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression.
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

wrought:

James 1:14-15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. ... Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

For without:
etc. Rather, "For without a law sin is dead." Where there is no law, there is no transgression; for sin is the transgression of the law. The very essence of sin consists in the violation of some positive law.
Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression.
John 15:22 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.
John 15:24 If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.
1 Corinthians 15:56 The sting of death [is] sin; and the strength of sin [is] the law.
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Jn 15:22, 24. Ro 4:15; 5:20; 7:11, 13, 17. 1Co 15:56. Jm 1:14.

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