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Romans 7:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were through the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For while we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were [aroused] by the Law, were at work in the members of our body to bear fruit for death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit to death:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For when we were in the flesh the passions of sins, which [were] by the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit to death;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, when we were in the flesh, the susceptibilities of sins which were through the law, used to be energized in our members unto the bringing forth of fruit unto death;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for when we were in the flesh, the passions of the sins, that [are] through the law, were working in our members, to bear fruit to the death;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For when we were in the flesh, the passions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members, to bring forth fruit unto death.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For when wee were in the flesh, the motions of sinnes which were by the law, did worke in our members, to bring foorth fruit vnto death.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For while we were in the flesh, the affections of sin, which are against the law, wrought powerfully in our members to yield fruits unto death;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For while we were in the flesh, the emotions of sin which are by the law, were active in our members, that we should bear fruits unto death.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
we were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
flesh, 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
motions 3804
{3804} Prime
πάθημα
pathema
{path'-ay-mah}
From a presumed derivative of G3806; something undergone, that is, hardship or pain; subjectively an emotion or influence.
of sins, 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
which 3588
{3588} Prime

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
were by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
law, 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
did work 1754
{1754} Prime
ἐνεργέω
energeo
{en-erg-eh'-o}
From G1756; to be active, efficient.
z5710
<5710> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 34
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
members 3196
{3196} Prime
μέλος
melos
{mel'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a limb or part of the body.
to bring y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
forth fruit 2592
{2592} Prime
καρποφορέω
karpophoreo
{kar-pof-or-eh'-o}
From G2593; to be fertile (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
unto death. 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 7:5

_ _ For when we were in the flesh — in our unregenerate state, as we came into the world. See on John 3:6 and see on Romans 8:5-9.

_ _ the motions — “passions” (Margin), “affections” (as in Galatians 5:24), or “stirrings.”

_ _ of sins — that is, “prompting to the commission of sins.”

_ _ which were by the law — by occasion of the law, which fretted, irritated our inward corruption by its prohibitions. See on Romans 7:7-9.

_ _ did work in our members — the members of the body, as the instruments by which these inward stirrings find vent in action, and become facts of the life. See on Romans 6:6.

_ _ to bring forth fruit unto death — death in the sense of Romans 6:21. Thus hopeless is all holy fruit before union to Christ.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 7:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 7:5

When ye were in the flesh — Carnally minded, in a state of nature; before we believed in Christ. Our sins which were by the law — Accidentally occasioned, or irritated thereby. Wrought in our members — Spread themselves all over the whole man.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 7:5

(3) For when we (e) were in the flesh, the (f) motions of sins, which were by the (g) law, did (h) work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

(3) A declaration of the former saying: for he says that the fleshly desires which the law stirred up in us were in us as if they were a husband, from whom we brought forth very deadly and cursed children: but now that husband is dead, and so consequently, being delivered from the force of that killing law, we have passed into the control of the Spirit, so that we bring forth now, not those rotten and dead children, but rather living children.

(e) When we were in the state of the first marriage, which he calls in the following verse the oldness of the letter.

(f) The motions that urged us to sin, which show their force even in our minds.

(g) He does not say "of the law" but "by the law", because they spring from sin which dwells within us, and take occasion to work in us in this way, by reason of the restraint that the law makes, not that the fault is in the law, but in ourselves. (h) Worked by their strength.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in the flesh:

Romans 8:8-9 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. ... But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
John 3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
Galatians 5:16-17 [This] I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. ... For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
Galatians 5:24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
Ephesians 2:11 Wherefore remember, that ye [being] in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.

motions:
Gr. passions,
Romans 1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:
*Gr.

which:

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression.
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
1 Corinthians 15:56 The sting of death [is] sin; and the strength of sin [is] the law.
2 Corinthians 3:6-9 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. ... For if the ministration of condemnation [be] glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
James 2:9-10 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors. ... For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one [point], he is guilty of all.
1 John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.

did work:

Romans 7:8-13 But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin [was] dead. ... Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.
Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
Galatians 5:19-21 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, ... Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

members:

Romans 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members [as] instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.
Romans 6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.
Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:
James 4:1 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members?

bring:

Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 15:19. Jn 3:6. Ro 1:26; 3:20; 4:15; 5:20; 6:13, 19, 21; 7:8, 23; 8:8. 1Co 15:56. 2Co 3:6. Ga 3:10; 5:16, 19, 24. Ep 2:3, 11. Col 3:5. Tit 3:3. Jm 1:15; 2:9; 4:1. 1Jn 3:4.

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