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Romans 6:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the wages of sin [is] death: but the gift of God [is] eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the wages of sin [is] death; but the act of favour of God, eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the wages of sin, is death; but, God's gift of favour, is life age-abiding, in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the wages of the sin [is] death, and the gift of God [is] life age-during in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the wages of sin is death. But the grace of God, life everlasting in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the wages of sinne is death: but the gift of God is eternall life, through Iesus Christ our Lord.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the wages of sin is death; and the gift of Aloha the life of eternity by our Lord Jeshu Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is life eternal, through our Lord Jesus Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wages 3800
{3800} Prime
ὀψώνιον
opsonion
{op-so'-nee-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of the same as G3795; rations for a soldier, that is, (by extension) his stipend or pay.
of sin 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
[is] death; 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gift 5486
{5486} Prime
χάρισμα
charisma
{khar'-is-mah}
From G5483; a (divine) gratuity, that is, deliverance (from danger or passion); (specifically) a (spiritual) endowment, that is, (subjectively) religious qualification, or (objectively) miraculous faculty.
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
[is] eternal 166
{0166} Prime
αἰώνιος
aionios
{ahee-o'-nee-os}
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
life 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
through 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Lord. 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 6:23

_ _ For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through — “in”

_ _ Jesus Christ our Lord — This concluding verse — as pointed as it is brief — contains the marrow, the most fine gold, of the Gospel. As the laborer is worthy of his hire, and feels it to be his due — his own of right — so is death the due of sin, the wages the sinner has well wrought for, his own. But “eternal life” is in no sense or degree the wages of our righteousness; we do nothing whatever to earn or become entitled to it, and never can: it is therefore, in the most absolute sense, “THE GIFT OF GOD.” Grace reigns in the bestowal of it in every case, and that “in Jesus Christ our Lord,” as the righteous Channel of it. In view of this, who that hath tasted that the Lord is gracious can refrain from saying, “Unto Him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in His own blood, and hath made us kings and priests unto God and His Father, to Him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen!” (Revelation 1:5, Revelation 1:6).

_ _ Note,

_ _ (1) As the most effectual refutation of the oft-repeated calumny, that the doctrine of Salvation by grace encourages to continue in sin, is the holy life of those who profess it, let such ever feel that the highest service they can render to that Grace which is all their hope, is to “yield themselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and their members instruments of righteousness unto God” (Romans 6:12, Romans 6:13). By so doing they will “put to silence the ignorance of foolish men,” secure their own peace, carry out the end of their calling, and give substantial glory to Him that loved them.

_ _ (2) The fundamental principle of Gospel obedience is as original as it is divinely rational; that “we are set free from the law in order to keep it, and are brought graciously under servitude to the law in order to be free” (Romans 6:14, Romans 6:15, Romans 6:18). So long as we know no principle of obedience but the terrors of the law, which condemns all the breakers of it, and knows nothing whatever of grace, either to pardon the guilty or to purify the stained, we are shut up under a moral impossibility of genuine and acceptable obedience: whereas when Grace lifts us out of this state, and through union to a righteous Surety, brings us into a state of conscious reconciliation, and loving surrender of heart to a God of salvation, we immediately feel the glorious liberty to be holy, and the assurance that “Sin shall not have dominion over us” is as sweet to our renewed tastes and aspirations as the ground of it is felt to be firm, “because we are not under the Law, but under Grace.”

_ _ (3) As this most momentous of all transitions in the history of a man is wholly of God’s free grace, the change should never be thought, spoken, or written of but with lively thanksgiving to Him who so loved us (Romans 6:17).

_ _ (4) Christians, in the service of God, should emulate their former selves in the zeal and steadiness with which they served sin, and the length to which they went in it (Romans 6:19).

_ _ (5) To stimulate this holy rivalry, let us often “look back to the rock whence we were hewn, the hole of the pit whence we were digged,” in search of the enduring advantages and permanent satisfactions which the service of Sin yielded; and when we find to our “shame” only gall and wormwood, let us follow a godless life to its proper “end,” until, finding ourselves in the territories of “death,” we are fain to hasten back to survey the service of Righteousness, that new Master of all believers, and find Him leading us sweetly into abiding “holiness,” and landing us at length in “everlasting life” (Romans 6:20-22).

_ _ (6) Death and life are before all men who hear the Gospel: the one, the natural issue and proper reward of sin; the other, the absolutely free “GIFT OF GOD” to sinners, “in Jesus Christ our Lord.” And as the one is the conscious sense of the hopeless loss of all blissful existence, so the other is the conscious possession and enjoyment of all that constitutes a rational creature’s highest “life” for evermore (Romans 6:23). Ye that read or hear these words, “I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing, therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live!” (Deuteronomy 30:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 6:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 6:23

Death — Temporal, spiritual, and eternal. Is the due wages of sin; but eternal life is the gift of God — The difference is remarkable. Evil works merit the reward they receive: good works do not. The former demand wages: the latter accept a free gift.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 6:23

(11) For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

(11) Death is the punishment due to sin, but we are sanctified freely, to everlasting life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For the wages:

Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
Genesis 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
Isaiah 3:11 Woe unto the wicked! [it shall be] ill [with him]: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.
Ezekiel 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.
Ezekiel 18:20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.
1 Corinthians 6:9-10 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Galatians 6:7-8 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. ... For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.
James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

but the:

Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:
Romans 5:17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
John 3:14-17 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: ... For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 5:39-40 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. ... And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.
John 6:27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.
John 6:32-33 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. ... For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:50-58 This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. ... This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
John 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any [man] pluck them out of my hand.
John 17:2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
1 Peter 1:3-4 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, ... To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he hath promised us, [even] eternal life.
1 John 5:11-12 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. ... He that hath the Son hath life; [and] he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:17; 3:19. Is 3:11. Ezk 18:4, 20. Jn 3:14, 36; 4:14; 5:24, 39; 6:27, 32, 40, 50, 68; 10:28; 17:2. Ro 2:7; 5:12, 17, 21. 1Co 6:9. Ga 3:10; 6:7. Tit 1:2. Jm 1:15. 1P 1:3. 1Jn 2:25; 5:11. Rv 21:8.

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