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Romans 6:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— What fruit then had ye at that time in the things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore what benefit were you then deriving from the things of which you are now ashamed? For the outcome of those things is death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— What fruit had ye then in those things of which ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— What fruit therefore had ye *then* in the things of which ye are *now* ashamed? for the end of *them* [is] death.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— What fruit, therefore, had ye then—in things for which ye now are taking shame to yourselves? For, the end of those things, is death.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— what fruit, therefore, were ye having then, in the things of which ye are now ashamed? for the end of those [is] death.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— What fruit therefore had you then in those things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of them is death.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— What fruit had yee then in those things, whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And what product had you then from that of which to-day you are ashamed? For the end of it is death.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And what harvest had ye then, in that of which ye are now ashamed? For the result thereof is death.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
What 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
y3767
[3767] Standard
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
fruit 2590
{2590} Prime
καρπός
karpos
{kar-pos'}
Probably from the base of G0726; fruit (as plucked), literally or figuratively.
x3767
(3767) Complement
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
had x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
ye y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
then 5119
{5119} Prime
τότε
tote
{tot'-eh}
From (the neuter of) G3588 and G3753; the when, that is, at the time that (of the past or future, also in consecution).
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
those things whereof 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
ye are y1870
[1870] Standard
ἐπαισχύνομαι
epaischunomai
{ep-ahee-skhoo'-nom-ahee}
From G1909 and G0153; to feel shame for something.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
now y3568
[3568] Standard
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
ashamed? 1870
{1870} Prime
ἐπαισχύνομαι
epaischunomai
{ep-ahee-skhoo'-nom-ahee}
From G1909 and G0153; to feel shame for something.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
x3568
(3568) Complement
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
end 5056
{5056} Prime
τέλος
telos
{tel'-os}
From a primary word τέλλω [[tello]] (to set out for a definite point or goal); properly the point aimed at as a limit, that is, (by implication) the conclusion of an act or state (termination [literally, figuratively or indefinitely], result [immediate, ultimate or prophetic], purpose); specifically an impost or levy (as paid).
of those things 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
[is] death. 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 6:21

_ _ What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death — What permanent advantage, and what abiding satisfaction, have those things yielded? The apostle answers his own question: — “Abiding satisfaction, did I ask? They have left only a sense of ‘shame.’ Permanent advantage? ‘The end of them is death.’” By saying they were “now ashamed,” he makes it plain that he is not referring to that disgust at themselves, and remorse of conscience by which those who are the most helplessly “sold under sin” are often stung to the quick; but that ingenuous feeling of self-reproach, which pierces and weighs down the children of God, as they think of the dishonor which their past life did to His name, the ingratitude it displayed, the violence it did to their own conscience, its deadening and degrading effects, and the death — “the second death” — to which it was dragging them down, when mere Grace arrested them. (On the sense of “death” here, see on Romans 5:21, Note 3, and see on Romans 6:16 : see also Revelation 21:8 — The change proposed in the pointing of this verse: “What fruit had ye then? things whereof ye are now ashamed” [Luther, Tholuck, De Wette, Philippi, Alford, etc.], seems unnatural and uncalled for. The ordinary pointing has at least powerful support [Chrysostom, Calvin, Beza, Grotius, Bengel, Stuart, Fritzsche]).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 6:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 6:21

Those things — He speaks of them as afar off.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 6:21

(10) What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the (u) end of those things [is] death.

(10) An exhortation to the study of righteousness and hatred of sin, the contrary results of both being set down before us.

(u) The reward or payment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:

Romans 7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
Proverbs 1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
Proverbs 5:10-13 Lest strangers be filled with thy wealth; and thy labours [be] in the house of a stranger; ... And have not obeyed the voice of my teachers, nor inclined mine ear to them that instructed me!
Proverbs 9:17-18 Stolen waters are sweet, and bread [eaten] in secret is pleasant. ... But he knoweth not that the dead [are] there; [and that] her guests [are] in the depths of hell.
Isaiah 3:10 Say ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well [with him]: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.
Jeremiah 17:10 I the LORD search the heart, [I] try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, [and] according to the fruit of his doings.
Jeremiah 44:20-24 Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him [that] answer, saying, ... Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that [are] in the land of Egypt:
Galatians 6:7-8 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. ... For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

whereof:

Ezra 9:6 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over [our] head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.
Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.
Job 42:6 Wherefore I abhor [myself], and repent in dust and ashes.
Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
Jeremiah 8:12 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 31:19 Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon [my] thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.
Ezekiel 16:61-63 Then thou shalt remember thy ways, and be ashamed, when thou shalt receive thy sisters, thine elder and thy younger: and I will give them unto thee for daughters, but not by thy covenant. ... That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 36:31-32 Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that [were] not good, and shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations. ... Not for your sakes do I [this], saith the Lord GOD, be it known unto you: be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel.
Ezekiel 43:11 And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, shew them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write [it] in their sight, that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and do them.
Daniel 9:7-8 O Lord, righteousness [belongeth] unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, [that are] near, and [that are] far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee. ... O Lord, to us [belongeth] confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee.
Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame [and] everlasting contempt.
Luke 15:17-21 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! ... And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.
2 Corinthians 7:11 For behold this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, [what] clearing of yourselves, yea, [what] indignation, yea, [what] fear, yea, [what] vehement desire, yea, [what] zeal, yea, [what] revenge! In all [things] ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter.
1 John 2:28 And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming.

for the:

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Deuteronomy 17:6 At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; [but] at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death.
Deuteronomy 21:22 And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:
2 Samuel 12:5-7 And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, [As] the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this [thing] shall surely die: ... And Nathan said to David, Thou [art] the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
1 Kings 2:26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou [art] worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.
Psalms 73:17 Until I went into the sanctuary of God; [then] understood I their end.
Proverbs 14:12 There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death.
Proverbs 16:25 There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death.
Philippians 3:19 Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
Hebrews 6:8 But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
James 5:20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.
1 Peter 4:17 For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God?
Revelation 16:6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.
Revelation 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 17:6; 21:22. 2S 12:5. 1K 2:26. Ezr 9:6. Jb 40:4; 42:6. Ps 73:17. Pv 1:31; 5:10; 9:17; 14:12; 16:25. Is 3:10. Jr 3:3; 8:12; 17:10; 31:19; 44:20. Ezk 16:61; 36:31; 43:11. Dn 9:7; 12:2. Lk 15:17. Ro 1:32; 6:23; 7:5. 2Co 7:11. Ga 6:7. Php 3:19. He 6:8; 10:29. Jm 1:15; 5:20. 1P 4:17. 1Jn 2:28. Rv 16:6; 20:14.

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