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Romans 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey the lusts thereof:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its lusts,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts of it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body to obey its lusts.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let not sin, therefore, reign in your death-doomed body, that ye should be obedient to its covetings;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Let not then the sin reign in your mortal body, to obey it in its desires;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, so as to obey the lusts thereof.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let not sinne reigne therfore in your mortall body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Let not sin then reign in your dead body, as that you may obey the lusts of it:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore let not sin reign in your dead body, so that ye obey its lusts.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y936
[0936] Standard
βασιλεύω
basileuo
{bas-il-yoo'-o}
From G0935; to rule (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
sin 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
reign 936
{0936} Prime
βασιλεύω
basileuo
{bas-il-yoo'-o}
From G0935; to rule (literally or figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
mortal 2349
{2349} Prime
θνητός
thnetos
{thnay-tos'}
From G2348; liable to die.
body, 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
that y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
ye should obey 5219
{5219} Prime
ὑπακούω
hupakouo
{hoop-ak-oo'-o}
From G5259 and G0191; to hear under (as a subordinate), that is, to listen attentively; by implication to heed or conform to a command or authority.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
it 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
lusts 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
thereof. y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 6:12

_ _ Romans 6:12-23. What practical use believers should make of their death to sin and life to God through union to the crucified Savior.

_ _ Not content with showing that his doctrine has no tendency to relax the obligations to a holy life, the apostle here proceeds to enforce these obligations.

_ _ Let not sin therefore — as a Master

_ _ reign — (The reader will observe that wherever in this section the words “Sin,” “Obedience,” “Righteousness,” “Uncleanness,” “Iniquity,” are figuratively used, to represent a Master, they are here printed in capitals, to make this manifest to the eye, and so save explanation).

_ _ in your mortal body, that ye should obey it — sin.

_ _ in the lusts thereof — “the lusts of the body,” as the Greek makes evident. (The other reading, perhaps the true one, “that ye should obey the lusts thereof,” comes to the same thing). The “body” is here viewed as the instrument by which all the sins of the heart become facts of the outward life, and as itself the seat of the lower appetites; and it is called “our mortal body,” probably to remind us how unsuitable is this reign of sin in those who are “alive from the dead.” But the reign here meant is the unchecked dominion of sin within us. Its outward acts are next referred to.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 6:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 6:12

Let not sin reign even in your mortal body — It must be subject to death, but it need not be subject to sin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 6:12

(6) Let not sin therefore (o) reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.

(6) An exhortation to contend and strive with corruption and all the effects of it.

(o) By reigning Paul means that principal and high rule which no man strives against, and even if anyone does, it is in vain.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Let not:

Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 7:23-24 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. ... O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?
Numbers 33:55 But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them [shall be] pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell.
Deuteronomy 7:2 And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, [and] utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them:
Joshua 23:12-13 Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, [even] these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you: ... Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out [any of] these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
Judges 2:3 Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be [as thorns] in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.
Psalms 19:13 Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous [sins]; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
Psalms 119:133 Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.

mortal:

Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
1 Corinthians 15:53-54 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal [must] put on immortality. ... So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.
2 Corinthians 4:11 For we which live are alway delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh.
2 Corinthians 5:4 For we that are in [this] tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.

in the lusts:

Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
Romans 2:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,
Romans 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
Romans 13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
Galatians 5:16 [This] I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.
Galatians 5:24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
Ephesians 4:22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:
2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
Titus 2:12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
James 1:14-15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. ... Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
James 4:1-3 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? ... Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume [it] upon your lusts.
1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:
1 Peter 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech [you] as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;
1 Peter 4:2-3 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. ... For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. ... And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
Jude 1:16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling [words], having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.
Jude 1:18 How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.
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Nu 33:55. Dt 7:2. Jsh 23:12. Jg 2:3. Ps 19:13; 119:133. Ro 2:8; 5:21; 6:16; 7:23; 8:11, 13; 13:14. 1Co 15:53. 2Co 4:11; 5:4. Ga 5:16, 24. Ep 2:3; 4:22. 1Th 4:5. 2Ti 2:22. Tit 2:12; 3:3. Jm 1:14; 4:1. 1P 1:14; 2:11; 4:2. 1Jn 2:15. Jde 1:16, 18.

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