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Romans 5:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And not only so, but we also rejoice in our tribulations: knowing that tribulation worketh stedfastness;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also; knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And not only [that], but we also boast in tribulations, knowing that tribulation works endurance;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, not only so, but let us boast also in our tribulations; knowing that, our tribulation, worketh out endurance.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And not only [so], but we also boast in the tribulations, knowing that the tribulation doth work endurance;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And not only so: but we glory also in tribulation, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And not onely [so], but we glory in tribulations also, knowing that tribulation worketh patience:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And not thus only, but also in afflictions we exult; for we know that affliction perfecteth patience in us,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And not only so, but we also rejoice in afflictions; because we know that affliction perfecteth in us patience;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
only 3440
{3440} Prime
μόνον
monon
{mon'-on}
Neuter of G3441 as adverb; merely.
[so], but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
we glory 2744
{2744} Prime
καυχάομαι
kauchaomai
{kow-khah'-om-ahee}
From some (obsolete) base akin to that of αὐχέω [[aucheo]] (to boast) and G2172; to vaunt (in a good or a bad sense).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
tribulations 2347
{2347} Prime
θλῖψις
thlipsis
{thlip'-sis}
From G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively).
also: 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
knowing 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
tribulation 2347
{2347} Prime
θλῖψις
thlipsis
{thlip'-sis}
From G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively).
worketh 2716
{2716} Prime
κατεργάζομαι
katergazomai
{kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee}
From G2596 and G2038; to work fully, that is, accomplish; by implication to finish, fashion.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
patience; 5281
{5281} Prime
ὑπομονή
hupomone
{hoop-om-on-ay'}
From G5278; cheerful (or hopeful) endurance, constancy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 5:3-4

_ _ we glory in tribulation also; knowing that tribulation worketh patience — Patience is the quiet endurance of what we cannot but wish removed, whether it be the withholding of promised good (Romans 8:25), or the continued experience of positive ill (as here). There is indeed a patience of unrenewed nature, which has something noble in it, though in many cases the offspring of pride, if not of something lower. Men have been known to endure every form of privation, torture, and death, without a murmur and without even visible emotion, merely because they deemed it unworthy of them to sink under unavoidable ill. But this proud, stoical hardihood has nothing in common with the grace of patience — which is either the meek endurance of ill because it is of God (Job 1:21, Job 1:22; Job 2:10), or the calm waiting for promised good till His time to dispense it come (Hebrews 10:36); in the full persuasion that such trials are divinely appointed, are the needed discipline of God’s children, are but for a definite period, and are not sent without abundant promises of “songs in the night.” If such be the “patience” which “tribulation worketh,” no wonder that

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 5:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 5:3

We glory in tribulations also — Which we are so far from esteeming a mark of God's displeasure, that we receive them as tokens of his fatherly love, whereby we are prepared for a more exalted happiness. The Jews objected to the persecuted state of the Christians as inconsistent with the people of the Messiah. It is therefore with great propriety that the apostle so often mentions the blessings arising from this very thing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 5:3

(4) And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: (5) knowing that tribulation worketh patience;

(4) Tribulation itself gives us different and various occasions to rejoice, and more than this it does not make us miserable. (5) Afflictions make us use to being patient, and patience assures us of the goodness of God, and this experience confirms and fosters our hope, which never deceives us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
but we:

Romans 8:35-37 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? ... Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
Matthew 5:10-12 Blessed [are] they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. ... Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great [is] your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Luke 6:22-23 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you [from their company], and shall reproach [you], and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake. ... Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward [is] great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.
Acts 5:41 And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name.
2 Corinthians 11:23-30 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities.
2 Corinthians 12:9-10 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. ... Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
Ephesians 3:13 Wherefore I desire that ye faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your glory.
Philippians 1:29 For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake;
Philippians 2:17-18 Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all. ... For the same cause also do ye joy, and rejoice with me.
James 1:2-3 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; ... Knowing [this], that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
1 Peter 3:14 But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy [are ye]: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;
1 Peter 4:16-17 Yet if [any man suffer] as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf. ... For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God?

knowing:

2 Corinthians 4:17 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory;
Hebrews 12:10-11 For they verily for a few days chastened [us] after their own pleasure; but he for [our] profit, that [we] might be partakers of his holiness. ... Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 5:10. Lk 6:22. Ac 5:41. Ro 8:35. 2Co 4:17; 11:23; 12:9. Ep 3:13. Php 1:29; 2:17. He 12:10. Jm 1:2, 12. 1P 3:14; 4:16.

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