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Romans 5:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace did abound more exceedingly:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But law came in, in order that the offence might abound; but where sin abounded grace has overabounded,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Law, however, gained admission, in order that the fault might abound, but, where the sin abounded, the favour greatly superabounded:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And law came in, that the offence might abound, and where the sin did abound, the grace did overabound,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the law entered in that sin might abound. And where sin abounded, grace did more abound.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Moreouer, the Lawe entred, that the offence might abound: but where sinne abounded, grace did much more abound.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But the entrance which was of the law, (made) sin to increase; and where sin increased, there grace hath abounded:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the entrance given to the law, was that sin might increase: and where sin increased, there grace abounded.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Moreover 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
entered, 3922
{3922} Prime
παρεισέρχομαι
pareiserchomai
{par-ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G3844 and G1525; to come in along side, that is, supervene additionally or stealthily.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
offence 3900
{3900} Prime
παράπτωμα
paraptoma
{par-ap'-to-mah}
From G3895; a side slip (lapse or deviation), that is, (unintentional) error or (wilful) transgression.
might abound. 4121
{4121} Prime
πλεονάζω
pleonazo
{pleh-on-ad'-zo}
From G4119; to do, make or be more, that is, increase (transitively or intransitively); by extension to superabound.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
where 3757
{3757} Prime
οὗ
hou
{hoo}
Genitive case of G3739 as adverb; at which place, that is, where.
sin 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
abounded, 4121
{4121} Prime
πλεονάζω
pleonazo
{pleh-on-ad'-zo}
From G4119; to do, make or be more, that is, increase (transitively or intransitively); by extension to superabound.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
did much more abound: 5248
{5248} Prime
ὑπερπερισσεύω
huperperisseuo
{hoop-er-per-is-syoo'-o}
From G5228 and G4052; to super abound.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 5:20-21

_ _ Moreover the law — “The law, however.” The Jew might say, If the whole purposes of God towards men center in Adam and Christ, where does “the law” come in, and what was the use of it? Answer: It

_ _ entered — But the word expresses an important idea besides “entering.” It signifies, “entered incidentally,” or “parenthetically.” (In Galatians 2:4 the same word is rendered, “came in privily.”) The meaning is, that the promulgation of the law at Sinai was no primary or essential feature of the divine plan, but it was “added” (Galatians 3:19) for a subordinate purpose — the more fully to reveal the evil occasioned by Adam, and the need and glory of the remedy by Christ.

_ _ that the offence might abound — or, “be multiplied.” But what offense? Throughout all this section “the offense” (four times repeated besides here) has one definite meaning, namely, “the one first offense of Adam”; and this, in our judgment, is its meaning here also: “All our multitudinous breaches of the law are nothing but that one first offense, lodged mysteriously in the bosom of every child of Adam as an offending principal, and multiplying itself into myriads of particular offenses in the life of each.” What was one act of disobedience in the head has been converted into a vital and virulent principle of disobedience in all the members of the human family, whose every act of willful rebellion proclaims itself the child of the original transgression.

_ _ But where sin abounded — or, “was multiplied.”

_ _ grace did much more abound — rather, “did exceedingly abound,” or “superabound.” The comparison here is between the multiplication of one offense into countless transgressions, and such an overflow of grace as more than meets that appalling case.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 5:6-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 5:20

The law came in between — The offence and the free gift. That the offence might abound — That is, the consequence (not the design) of the law's coming in was, not the taking away of sin, but the increase of it. Yet where sin abounded, grace did much more abound — Not only in the remission of that sin which Adam brought on us, but of all our own; not only in remission of sins, but infusion of holiness; not only in deliverance from death, but admission to everlasting life, a far more noble and excellent life than that which we lost by Adam's fall.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 5:20

(19) Moreover the law (a) entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more (b) abound:

(19) A preventing of an objection: why then did the law of Moses then enter? So that men might be so much more the guilty, and the benefit of God in Christ Jesus be all the more glorious.

(a) In addition to that disease which all men were infected with by being defiled with one man's sin, the law entered.

(b) Grace was poured so plentifully from heaven that it did not only counterbalance sin, but beyond this it surpassed it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the law:

Romans 3:19-20 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression.
Romans 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
Romans 7:5-13 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. ... Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.
John 15:22 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.
2 Corinthians 3:7-9 But if the ministration of death, written [and] engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which [glory] was to be done away: ... For if the ministration of condemnation [be] glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
Galatians 3:19-25 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. ... But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

But:

Romans 6:1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?
2 Chronicles 33:9-13 So Manasseh made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, [and] to do worse than the heathen, whom the LORD had destroyed before the children of Israel. ... And prayed unto him: and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD he [was] God.
Psalms 25:11 For thy name's sake, O LORD, pardon mine iniquity; for it [is] great.
Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
Isaiah 43:24-25 Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities. ... I, [even] I, [am] he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.
Jeremiah 3:8-14 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also. ... Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion:
Ezekiel 16:52 Thou also, which hast judged thy sisters, bear thine own shame for thy sins that thou hast committed more abominable than they: they are more righteous than thou: yea, be thou confounded also, and bear thy shame, in that thou hast justified thy sisters.
Ezekiel 16:60-63 Nevertheless I will remember my covenant with thee in the days of thy youth, and I will establish unto thee an everlasting covenant. ... That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 36:25-32 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. ... Not for your sakes do I [this], saith the Lord GOD, be it known unto you: be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel.
Micah 7:18-19 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy. ... He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.
Matthew 9:13 But go ye and learn what [that] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
Luke 7:47 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, [the same] loveth little.
Luke 23:39-43 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. ... And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
John 10:10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have [it] more abundantly.
1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 1:6-8 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. ... Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
Ephesians 2:1-5 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins; ... Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
1 Timothy 1:13-16 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief. ... Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another. ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2Ch 33:9. Ps 25:11. Is 1:18; 43:24. Jr 3:8. Ezk 16:52, 60; 36:25. Mi 7:18. Mt 9:13. Lk 7:47; 23:39. Jn 10:10; 15:22. Ro 3:19; 4:15; 6:1, 14; 7:5. 1Co 6:9. 2Co 3:7. Ga 3:19. Ep 1:6; 2:1. 1Ti 1:13. Tit 3:3.

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