Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Romans 5:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For as indeed by the disobedience of the one man the many have been constituted sinners, so also by the obedience of the one the many will be constituted righteous.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, just as, through the disobedience of the one man, sinners, the many were constituted, so, also, through the obedience of the one, righteous, the many shall be constituted—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for as through the disobedience of the one man, the many were constituted sinners: so also through the obedience of the one, shall the many be constituted righteous.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For as by the disobedience of one man, many were made sinners: so also by the obedience of one, many shall be made just.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For as by one mans disobedience many were made sinners: so by the obedience of one, shall many bee made righteous.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For as on account of the disobedience of one man many became sinners, so also on account of the obedience of one many became righteous.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For as; on account of the disobedience of one man, many became sinners; so also, on account of the obedience of one, many become righteous.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
as 5618
{5618} Prime
ὥσπερ
hosper
{hoce'-per}
From G5613 and G4007; just as, that is, exactly like.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
man's 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
disobedience 3876
{3876} Prime
παρακοή
parakoe
{par-ak-o-ay'}
From G3878; inattention, that is, (by implication) disobedience.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
were made 2525
{2525} Prime
καθίστημι
kathistemi
{kath-is'-tay-mee}
From G2596 and G2476; to place down (permanently), that is, (figuratively) to designate, constitute, convoy.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
sinners, 268
{0268} Prime
ἁμαρτωλός
hamartolos
{ham-ar-to-los'}
From G0264; sinful, that is, a sinner.
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
obedience 5218
{5218} Prime
ὑπακοή
hupakoe
{hoop-ak-o-ay'}
From G5219; attentive hearkening, that is, (by implication) compliance or submission.
of one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
shall y2525
[2525] Standard
καθίστημι
kathistemi
{kath-is'-tay-mee}
From G2596 and G2476; to place down (permanently), that is, (figuratively) to designate, constitute, convoy.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
be made 2525
{2525} Prime
καθίστημι
kathistemi
{kath-is'-tay-mee}
From G2596 and G2476; to place down (permanently), that is, (figuratively) to designate, constitute, convoy.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
righteous. 1342
{1342} Prime
δίκαιος
dikaios
{dik'-ah-yos}
From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 5:19

_ _ For, etc. — better, “For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so by the obedience of the One shall the many be made righteous.” On this great verse observe: First, By the “obedience” of Christ here is plainly not meant more than what divines call His active obedience, as distinguished from His sufferings and death; it is the entire work of Christ in its obediential character. Our Lord Himself represents even His death as His great act of obedience to the Father: “This commandment (that is, to lay down and resume His life) have I received of My Father” (John 10:8). Second, The significant word twice rendered made, does not signify to work a change upon a person or thing, but to constitute or ordain, as will be seen from all the places where it is used. Here, accordingly, it is intended to express that judicial act which holds men, in virtue of their connection with Adam, as sinners; and, in connection with Christ, as righteous. Third, The change of tense from the past to the future — “as through Adam we were made sinners, so through Christ we shall be made righteous” — delightfully expresses the enduring character of the act, and of the economy to which such acts belong, in contrast with the for-ever-past ruin of believers in Adam. (See on Romans 6:5). Fourth, The “all men” of Romans 5:18 and the “many” of Romans 5:19 are the same party, though under a slightly different aspect. In the latter case, the contrast is between the one representative (Adam — Christ) and the many whom he represented; in the former case, it is between the one head (Adam — Christ) and the human race, affected for death and life respectively by the actings of that one. Only in this latter case it is the redeemed family of man that is alone in view; it is humanity as actually lost, but also as actually saved, as ruined and recovered. Such as refuse to fall in with the high purpose of God to constitute His Son a “second Adam,” the Head of a new race, and as impenitent and unbelieving finally perish, have no place in this section of the Epistle, whose sole object is to show how God repairs in the second Adam the evil done by the first. (Thus the doctrine of universal restoration has no place here. Thus too the forced interpretation by which the “justification of all” is made to mean a justification merely in possibility and offer to all, and the “justification of the many” to mean the actual justification of as many as believe [Alford, etc.], is completely avoided. And thus the harshness of comparing a whole fallen family with a recovered part is got rid of. However true it be in fact that part of mankind is not saved, this is not the aspect in which the subject is here presented. It is totals that are compared and contrasted; and it is the same total in two successive conditions — namely, the human race as ruined in Adam and recovered in Christ).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 5:6-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 5:19

As by the disobedience of one man many (that is, all men) were constituted sinners — Being then in the loins of their first parent, the common head and representative of them all. So by the obedience of one — By his obedience unto death; by his dying for us. Many — All that believe. Shall be constituted righteous — Justified, pardoned.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 5:19

(18) For as by one man's (y) disobedience (z) many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

(18) The foundation of this whole comparison is this, that these two men are set as two heads or roots, so that out of the one comes sin by nature, and from the other righteousness by grace springs forth upon others.

(y) So then, sin enters not into us only by following the steps of our forefathers, but we receive corruption from him by inheritance.

(z) The word "many" is contrasted with the words "a few".

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as by one:

Romans 5:12-14 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: ... Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

so by:

Isaiah 53:10-12 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. ... Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
Revelation 7:9-17 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 53:10. Dn 9:24. Ro 5:12. 2Co 5:21. Ep 1:6. Rv 7:9.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Romans 5:19.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Romans 5:19


Recent Chat Bible Comments