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Romans 4:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Even as David also pronounceth blessing upon the man, unto whom God reckoneth righteousness apart from works,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man to whom God imputeth righteousness without works,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Even as David also declares the blessedness of the man to whom God reckons righteousness without works:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Just as David also affirmeth the happiness of the man unto whom God reckoneth righteousness apart from works:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— even as David also doth speak of the happiness of the man to whom God doth reckon righteousness apart from works:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As David also termeth the blessedness of a man to whom God reputeth justice without works:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Euen as Dauid also describeth the blessednesse of the man, vnto whom God imputeth righteousnesse without works:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— As also David hath spoken concerning the blessedness of the man to whom Aloha reckoneth righteousness without works,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— As David also speaketh of the blessedness of the man, to whom God reckoneth righteousness without works,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Even as 2509
{2509} Prime
καθάπερ
kathaper
{kath-ap'-er}
From G2505 and G4007; exactly as.
David 1138
{1138} Prime
Δαβίδ
Dabid
{dab-eed'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1732]; Dabid (that is, David), the Israelite king.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
describeth 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
blessedness 3108
{3108} Prime
μακαρισμός
makarismos
{mak-ar-is-mos'}
From G3106; beatification, that is, attribution of good fortune.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
man, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
unto whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
imputeth 3049
{3049} Prime
λογίζομαι
logizomai
{log-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
righteousness 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
without 5565
{5565} Prime
χωρίς
choris
{kho-rece'}
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 4:6-8

_ _ David also describeth — “speaketh,” “pronounceth.”

_ _ the blessedness of the man unto whom the Lord imputeth righteousness without works — whom, though void of all good works, He, nevertheless, regards and treats as righteous.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 4:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 4:6

So David also — David is fitly introduced after Abraham, because be also received and delivered down the promise. Affirmeth — A man is justified by faith alone, and not by works. Without works — That is, without regard to any former good works supposed to have been done by him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 4:6

(5) Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,

(5) Another proof of the same confirmation: David puts blessedness as a part of the free pardon of sins, and therefore justification also.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
blessedness:

Romans 4:9 [Cometh] this blessedness then upon the circumcision [only], or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.
Deuteronomy 33:29 Happy [art] thou, O Israel: who [is] like unto thee, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of thy help, and who [is] the sword of thy excellency! and thine enemies shall be found liars unto thee; and thou shalt tread upon their high places.
Psalms 1:1-3 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. ... And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
Psalms 112:1 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Psalms 146:5-6 Happy [is he] that [hath] the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope [is] in the LORD his God: ... Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein [is]: which keepeth truth for ever:
Matthew 5:3-12 Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. ... Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great [is] your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Galatians 3:8-9 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed. ... So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.
Galatians 3:14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Galatians 4:15 Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? for I bear you record, that, if [it had been] possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me.
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:

imputeth:

Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
Romans 4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;
Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
Romans 3:22 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
Romans 5:18-19 Therefore as by the offence of one [judgment came] upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one [the free gift came] upon all men unto justification of life. ... For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Isaiah 45:24-25 Surely, shall [one] say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: [even] to him shall [men] come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed. ... In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue [that] shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This [is] the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness [is] of me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 22:6 For thus saith the LORD unto the king's house of Judah; Thou [art] Gilead unto me, [and] the head of Lebanon: [yet] surely I will make thee a wilderness, [and] cities [which] are not inhabited.
Jeremiah 33:16 In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this [is the name] wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:

without:

Romans 3:20-21 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin. ... But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
Romans 3:27 Where [is] boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.
Ephesians 2:8-10 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God: ... For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 33:29. Ps 1:1; 112:1; 146:5. Is 45:24; 54:17. Jr 22:6; 33:16. Dn 9:24. Mt 5:3. Ro 1:17; 3:20, 22, 27; 4:9, 11, 24; 5:18. 1Co 1:30. 2Co 5:21. Ga 3:8, 14; 4:15. Ep 1:3; 2:8. Php 3:9. 2Ti 1:9. 2P 1:1.

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