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Romans 4:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For what saith the scripture? And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned unto him for righteousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For what does the Scripture say? “ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for what does the scripture say? And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For what doth the Scripture say? And Abraham believed in God, and it was reckoned unto him as righteousness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for what doth the writing say? 'And Abraham did believe God, and it was reckoned to him—to righteousness;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God: and it was reputed to him unto justice.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For what saith the Scripture? Abraham beleeued God, and it was counted vnto him for righteousnes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For what saith the scripture? That Abraham believed Aloha, and he reckoned it to him for righteousness.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For what saith the scripture? That Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
scripture? 1124
{1124} Prime
γραφή
graphe
{graf-ay'}
From G1125; a document, that is, holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it).
1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Abraham 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
believed 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
it was counted 3049
{3049} Prime
λογίζομαι
logizomai
{log-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
unto him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
righteousness. 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 4:1-3.


Romans 4:3

_ _ For what saith the, Scripture? Abraham believed God, and it — his faith.

_ _ was counted to him for righteousness — (Genesis 15:6). Romish expositors and Arminian Protestants make this to mean that God accepted Abraham’s act of believing as a substitute for complete obedience. But this is at variance with the whole spirit and letter of the apostle’s teaching. Throughout this whole argument, faith is set in direct opposition to works, in the matter of justification — and even in Romans 4:4, Romans 4:5. The meaning, therefore, cannot possibly be that the mere act of believing — which is as much a work as any other piece of commanded duty (John 6:29; 1 John 3:23) — was counted to Abraham for all obedience. The meaning plainly is that Abraham believed in the promises which embraced Christ (Genesis 12:3; Genesis 15:5, etc.), as we believe in Christ Himself; and in both cases, faith is merely the instrument that puts us in possession of the blessing gratuitously bestowed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 4:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 4:3

Abraham believed God — That promise of God concerning the numerousness of his seed, Genesis 15:5, Genesis 15:7; but especially the promise concerning Christ, Genesis 12:3, through whom all nations should be blessed. And it was imputed to him for righteousness — God accepted him as if he had been altogether righteous. Genesis 15:6.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 4:3

(3) For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

(3) A confirmation of the proposition: Abraham was justified by imputation of faith, and therefore freely, without any regard being give to his works.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
what:

Romans 9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
Romans 10:11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Romans 11:2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them.
Mark 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:
James 4:5 Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy?
2 Peter 1:20-21 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. ... For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.

Abraham:

Genesis 15:6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
Galatians 3:6-8 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. ... And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed.
James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.

counted:

Romans 4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
Romans 4:9 [Cometh] this blessedness then upon the circumcision [only], or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.
Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
Romans 4:22-25 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. ... Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
Psalms 106:31 And that was counted unto him for righteousness unto all generations for evermore.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:6. Ps 106:31. Is 8:20. Mk 12:10. Ro 4:5, 9, 11, 22; 9:17; 10:11; 11:2. Ga 3:6. Jm 2:23; 4:5. 2P 1:20.

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