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Romans 4:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our justification.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [He] who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who was delivered for our offenses, and raised again for our justification.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who has been delivered for our offences and has been raised for our justification, it will be reckoned.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who was delivered up on account of our offences and was raised on account of the declaring us righteous.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who was delivered up because of our offences, and was raised up because of our being declared righteous.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who was delivered up for our sins and rose again for our justification.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who was deliuered for our offences, and was raised againe for our iustification.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who was delivered for our sins, and rose that he might justify us.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— who was delivered up, on account of our sins; and arose, that he might justify us.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
was delivered 3860
{3860} Prime
παραδίδωμι
paradidomi
{par-ad-id'-o-mee}
From G3844 and G1325; to surrender, that is, yield up, intrust, transmit.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
offences, 3900
{3900} Prime
παράπτωμα
paraptoma
{par-ap'-to-mah}
From G3895; a side slip (lapse or deviation), that is, (unintentional) error or (wilful) transgression.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
was raised again 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
justification. 1347
{1347} Prime
δικαίωσις
dikaiosis
{dik-ah'-yo-sis}
From G1344; acquittal (for Christ's sake).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 4:23-25.


Romans 4:25

_ _ Who was delivered for — “on account of.”

_ _ our offences — that is, in order to expiate them by His blood.

_ _ and raised again for — “on account of,” that is, in order to.

_ _ our justification — As His resurrection was the divine assurance that He had “put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself,” and the crowning of His whole work, our justification is fitly connected with that glorious act.

_ _ Note,

_ _ (1) The doctrine of justification by works, as it generates self-exaltation, is contrary to the first principles of all true religion (Romans 4:2; and see on Romans 3:26, Note 1).

_ _ (2) The way of a sinner’s justification has been the same in all time, and the testimony of the Old Testament on this subject is one with that of the New (Romans 4:3, etc., and see on Romans 3:31, Note 1).

_ _ (3) Faith and works, in the matter of justification, are opposite and irreconcilable, even as grace and debt (Romans 4:4, Romans 4:5; and see on Romans 11:6). If God “justifies the ungodly,” works cannot be, in any sense or to any degree, the ground of justification. For the same reason, the first requisite, in order to justification, must be (under the conviction that we are “ungodly”) to despair of it by works; and the next, to “believe in Him that justifieth the ungodly” — that hath a justifying righteousness to bestow, and is ready to bestow it upon those who deserve none, and to embrace it accordingly.

_ _ (4) The sacraments of the Church were never intended, and are not adapted, to confer grace, or the blessings of salvation, upon men. Their proper use is to set a divine seal upon a state already existing, and so, they presuppose, and do not create it (Romans 4:8-12). As circumcision merely “sealed” Abraham’s already existing acceptance with God, so with the sacraments of the New Testament.

_ _ (5) As Abraham is “the heir of the world,” all nations being blessed in him, through his Seed Christ Jesus, and justified solely according to the pattern of his faith, so the transmission of the true religion and all the salvation which the world will ever experience shall yet be traced back with wonder, gratitude, and joy, to that morning dawn when “the God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran,” Acts 7:2 (Romans 4:13).

_ _ (6) Nothing gives more glory to God than simple faith in His word, especially when all things seem to render the fulfillment of it hopeless (Romans 4:18-21).

_ _ (7) All the Scripture examples of faith were recorded on purpose to beget and encourage the like faith in every succeeding age (Romans 4:23, Romans 4:24; and compare Romans 15:4).

_ _ (8) Justification, in this argument, cannot be taken — as Romanists and other errorists insist — to mean a change upon men’s character; for besides that this is to confound it with Sanctification, which has its appropriate place in this Epistle, the whole argument of the present chapter — and nearly all its more important clauses, expressions, and words — would in that case be unsuitable, and fitted only to mislead. Beyond all doubt it means exclusively a change upon men’s state or relation to God; or, in scientific language, it is an objective, not a subjective change — a change from guilt and condemnation to acquittal and acceptance. And the best evidence that this is the key to the whole argument is, that it opens all the wards of the many-chambered lock with which the apostle has enriched us in this Epistle.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 4:23-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 4:25

Who was delivered — To death. For our offences — As an atonement for them. And raised for our justification — To empower us to receive that atonement by faith.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 4:25

Who was delivered for our (t) offences, and was raised again for our justification.

(t) To pay the ransom for our sins.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Who was:

Romans 3:25 Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
Romans 5:6-8 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. ... But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
Isaiah 53:5-6 But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. ... All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:10-12 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. ... Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Daniel 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man [that is] my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.
Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
1 Corinthians 15:3-4 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; ... And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
Galatians 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:
Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.
1 Peter 1:18-19 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; ... But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
Revelation 7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

and was raised:

Romans 8:33-34 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth. ... Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
1 Corinthians 15:17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith [is] vain; ye are yet in your sins.
Hebrews 4:14-16 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast [our] profession. ... Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Hebrews 10:12-14 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; ... For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 53:5, 10. Dn 9:24, 26. Zc 13:7. Mt 20:28. Ro 3:25; 5:6; 8:3, 32, 33. 1Co 15:3, 17. 2Co 5:21. Ga 1:4; 3:13. Ep 5:2. Tit 2:14. He 4:14; 9:28; 10:12. 1P 1:18, 21; 2:24; 3:18. 1Jn 2:2; 4:9. Rv 1:5; 5:9; 7:14.

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