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Romans 4:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if they that are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of none effect:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if they which are of the law [be] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if those who are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if they who are of the law [are] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of no effect.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For if they which [are] of law be heirs, faith is made vain, and the promise made of no effect.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, if they who are of law are heirs, made void is faith and of no effect is the promise.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for if they who are of law [are] heirs, the faith hath been made void, and the promise hath been made useless;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if they who are of the law be heirs, faith is made void: the promise is made of no effect.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if they which are of the law be heires, faith is made voide, and the promise made of none effect.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if they who are of the law were heirs, faith would be vain, and the promise be abolished.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if they who are of the law were heirs, faith would be made void, and the promise of no force.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
they x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
which are of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
[be] heirs, 2818
{2818} Prime
κληρονόμος
kleronomos
{klay-ron-om'-os}
From G2819 and the base of G3551 (in its original sense of partitioning, that is, [reflexively] getting by apportionment); a sharer by lot, that is, an inheritor (literally or figuratively); by implication a possessor.
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
is made void, 2758
{2758} Prime
κενόω
kenoo
{ken-o'-o}
From G2756; to make empty, that is, (figuratively) to abase, neutralize, falsify.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
promise 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
made of none effect: 2673
{2673} Prime
καταργέω
katargeo
{kat-arg-eh'-o}
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 4:13-15.


Romans 4:14

_ _ For if they which are of the law be heirs — If the blessing is to be earned by obedience to the law.

_ _ faith is made void — the whole divine method is subverted.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 4:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 4:14

If they only who are of the law — Who have kept the whole law. Are heirs, faith is made void — No blessing being to be obtained by it; and so the promise is of no effect.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 4:14

(12) For if they which are of the (k) law [be] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:

(12) A double confirmation of that reason: the one is that the promise cannot be apprehended by the law, and that if it could it would be made of no effect: the other, that the condition of faith would be joined in vain to the promise if it could be apprehended by works.

(k) If they are heirs who have fulfilled the law.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For if:

Romans 4:16 Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
Galatians 3:18-24 For if the inheritance [be] of the law, [it is] no more of promise: but God gave [it] to Abraham by promise. ... Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster [to bring us] unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
Hebrews 7:19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope [did]; by the which we draw nigh unto God.
Hebrews 7:28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, [maketh] the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.

made:

Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
Numbers 30:12 But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day he heard [them; then] whatsoever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the LORD shall forgive her.
Numbers 30:15 But if he shall any ways make them void after that he hath heard [them]; then he shall bear her iniquity.
Psalms 119:126 [It is] time for [thee], LORD, to work: [for] they have made void thy law.
Isaiah 55:11 So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper [in the thing] whereto I sent it.
Jeremiah 19:7 And I will make void the counsel of Judah and Jerusalem in this place; and I will cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies, and by the hands of them that seek their lives: and their carcases will I give to be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 30:12, 15. Ps 119:126. Is 55:11. Jr 19:7. Ro 3:31; 4:16. Ga 2:21; 3:18; 5:4. Php 3:9. He 7:19, 28.

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