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Romans 3:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Do we then make the law of none effect through faith? God forbid: nay, we establish the law.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Do we then make void the law through faith? By no means: but we establish the law.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Do we then make void law by faith? Far be the thought: [no,] but we establish law.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do we then make, law, void through means of our faith? Far be it! On the contrary, law, we do establish!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Law then do we make useless through the faith? let it not be! yea, we do establish law.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Do we then, destroy the law through faith? God forbid! But we establish the law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Doe we then make void the lawe through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the Law.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Do we therefore the law abolish by faith? Not so, but the law itself we establish.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Do, we then nullify the law by faith? Far be it. On the contrary, we establish the law.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Do we y2673
[2673] Standard
καταργέω
katargeo
{kat-arg-eh'-o}
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
then 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
make void 2673
{2673} Prime
καταργέω
katargeo
{kat-arg-eh'-o}
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
faith? 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
God forbid: 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5636
<5636> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 18
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
we establish 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the law. 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 3:31

_ _ Objection:

_ _ Do we then make void the law through faith? — “Does this doctrine of justification by faith, then, dissolve the obligation of the law? If so, it cannot be of God. But away with such a thought, for it does just the reverse.”

_ _ God forbid: yea, we establish the law — It will be observed here, that, important as was this objection, and opening up as it did so noble a field for the illustration of the peculiar glory of the Gospel, the apostle does no more here than indignantly repel it, intending at a subsequent stage of his argument (Romans 6:1-23) to resume and discuss it at length.

_ _ Note,

_ _ (1). It is a fundamental requisite of all true religion that it tend to humble the sinner and exalt God; and every system which breeds self-righteousness, or cherishes boasting, bears falsehood on its face (Romans 3:27, Romans 3:28).

_ _ (2). The fitness of the Gospel to be a universal religion, beneath which the guilty of every name and degree are invited and warranted to take shelter and repose, is a glorious evidence of its truth (Romans 3:29, Romans 3:30).

_ _ (3). The glory of God’s law, in its eternal and immutable obligations, is then only fully apprehended by the sinner, and then only is it enthroned in the depths of his soul, when, believing that “He was made sin for him who knew no sin,” he sees himself “made the righteousness of God in Him” (2 Corinthians 5:21). Thus do we not make void the law through faith: yea, we establish the law.

_ _ (4). This chapter, and particularly the latter part of it, “is the proper seat of the Pauline doctrine of Justification, and the grand proof-passage of the Protestant doctrine of the Imputation of Christ’s righteousness and of Justification not on account of, but through faith alone” [Philippi]. To make good this doctrine, and reseat it in the faith and affection of the Church, was worth all the bloody struggles that it cost our fathers, and it will be the wisdom and safety, the life and vigor of the churches, to “stand fast in this liberty wherewith Christ hath made them free, and not be again entangled” — in the very least degree — “with the yoke of bondage” (Galatians 5:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:19-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 3:31

We establish the law — Both the authority, purity, and the end of it; by defending that which the law attests; by pointing out Christ, the end of it; and by showing how it may be fulfilled in its purity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 3:31

(13) Do we then make (h) void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we (i) establish the law.

(13) The taking away of an objection: yet the law is not therefore taken away, but is rather established, as it will be declared in its proper place.

(h) Vain, void, to no purpose, and of no power.

(i) We make the law effectual and strong.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
do we:

Romans 4:14 For if they which are of the law [be] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:
Psalms 119:126 [It is] time for [thee], LORD, to work: [for] they have made void thy law.
Jeremiah 8:8-9 How do ye say, We [are] wise, and the law of the LORD [is] with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he [it]; the pen of the scribes [is] in vain. ... The wise [men] are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: lo, they have rejected the word of the LORD; and what wisdom [is] in them?
Matthew 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
Matthew 15:6 And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
Galatians 3:17-19 And this I say, [that] the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. ... Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

God:
Μη γενοιτο, literally, let it not be, and which might be rendered less objectionably, far from it, by no means.
Romans 3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

yea:

Romans 7:7-14 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ... For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
Romans 7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.
Romans 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Romans 10:4 For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
Romans 13:8-10 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. ... Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love [is] the fulfilling of the law.
Psalms 40:8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law [is] within my heart.
Isaiah 42:21 The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness' sake; he will magnify the law, and make [it] honourable.
Jeremiah 31:33-34 But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. ... And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer [it to be so] now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him.
Matthew 5:20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed [the righteousness] of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
1 Corinthians 9:21 To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.
Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
Galatians 5:18-23 But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law. ... Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Hebrews 10:15-16 [Whereof] the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, ... This [is] the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
James 2:8-12 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: ... So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 40:8; 119:126. Is 42:21. Jr 8:8; 31:33. Mt 3:15; 5:17, 20; 15:6. Ro 3:4; 4:14; 7:7, 22, 25; 8:4; 10:4; 13:8. 1Co 9:21. Ga 2:19, 21; 3:17; 5:18. He 10:15. Jm 2:8.

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