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Romans 3:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— whom God set forth [to be] a propitiation, through faith, in his blood, to show his righteousness because of the passing over of the sins done aforetime, in the forbearance of God;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. [This was] to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— whom God has set forth a mercy-seat, through faith in his blood, for [the] shewing forth of his righteousness, in respect of the passing by the sins that had taken place before, through the forbearance of God;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whom God hath set forth as a propitiatory covering, through faith in his blood, for a showing forth of his righteousness, by reason of the passing-by of the previously committed sins,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— whom God did set forth a mercy seat, through the faith in his blood, for the shewing forth of His righteousness, because of the passing over of the bygone sins in the forbearance of God—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whom God hath proposed to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to the shewing of his justice, for the remission of former sins,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whom God hath set forth to bee a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousnesse for the remission of sinnes, that are past, through the forbearance of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— whom Aloha before ordained (to be) a propitiation through faith in his blood for our sins which from the first we had sinned,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— whom God hath preconstituted a propitiation, by faith in his blood, because of our sins, which we before committed,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
hath set forth 4388
{4388} Prime
προτίθεμαι
protithemai
{prot-ith'-em-ahee}
Middle voice from G4253 and G5087; to place before, that is, (for oneself) to exhibit; (to oneself) to propose (determine).
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
[to be] a propitiation 2435
{2435} Prime
ἱλαστήριον
hilasterion
{hil-as-tay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a derivative of G2433; an expiatory (place or thing), that is, (concretely) an atoning victim, or (specifically) the lid of the Ark (in the Temple).
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
blood, 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
declare 1732
{1732} Prime
ἔνδειξις
endeixis
{en'-dike-sis}
From G1731; indication (abstractly).
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
righteousness 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
remission 3929
{3929} Prime
πάρεσις
paresis
{par'-es-is}
From G2935; praetermission, that is, toleration.
of sins 265
{0265} Prime
ἁμάρτημα
hamartema
{ham-ar'-tay-mah}
From G0264; a sin (properly concrete).
that are past, 4266
{4266} Prime
προγίνομαι
proginomai
{prog-in'-om-ahee}
From G4253 and G1096; to be already, that is, have previously transpired.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
through 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
forbearance 463
{0463} Prime
ἀνοχή
anoche
{an-okh-ay'}
From G0430; selfrestraint, that is, tolerance.
of God; 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 3:25-26

_ _ Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation — or “propitiatory sacrifice.”

_ _ through faith in his blood — Some of the best interpreters, observing that “faith upon” is the usual phrase in Greek, not “faith in” Christ, would place a “comma” after “faith,” and understand the words as if written thus: “to be a propitiation, in His blood, through faith.” But “faith in Christ” is used in Galatians 3:26 and Ephesians 1:15; and “faith in His blood” is the natural and appropriate meaning here.

_ _ to declare his righteousness for the remission — rather, “pretermission” or “passing by.”

_ _ of sins — “the sins.”

_ _ that are past — not the sins committed by the believer before he embraces Christ, but the sins committed under the old economy, before Christ came to “put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.”

_ _ through the forbearance of God — God not remitting but only forbearing to punish them, or passing them by, until an adequate atonement for them should be made. In thus not imputing them, God was righteous, but He was not seen to be so; there was no “manifestation of His righteousness” in doing so under the ancient economy. But now that God can “set forth” Christ as a “propitiation for sin through faith in His blood,” the righteousness of His procedure in passing by the sins of believers before, and in now remitting them, is “manifested,” declared, brought fully out to the view of the whole world. (Our translators have unfortunately missed this glorious truth, taking “the sins that are past” to mean the past sins of believers — committed before faith — and rendering, by the word “remission,” what means only a “passing by”; thus making it appear that “remission of sins” is “through the forbearance of God,” which it certainly is not).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:19-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 3:25

Whom God hath set forth — Before angels and men. A propitiation — To appease an offended God. But if, as some teach, God never was offended, there was no need of this propitiation. And, if so, Christ died in vain. To declare his righteousness — To demonstrate not only his clemency, but his justice; even that vindictive justice whose essential character and principal office is, to punish sin. By the remission of past sins — All the sins antecedent to their believing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 3:25

(10) Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in his (x) blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that (y) are past, through the (z) forbearance of God;

(10) God then is the author of that free justification, because it pleased him: and Christ is he who suffered punishment for our sins, and in whom we have remission of them: and the means by which we apprehend Christ is faith. In short, the result is the setting forth of the goodness of God, that by this means it may appear that he is indeed merciful, and faithful in his promises, as he that freely, and of grace alone, justifies the believers.

(x) The name of blood reminds us of the symbol of the old sacrifices, and that the truth and substance of these sacrifices is in Christ.

(y) Of those sins which we committed when we were his enemies.

(z) Through his patience, and his enduring nature.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
set forth:
or, foreordained,
Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
Acts 3:18 But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.
Acts 4:28 For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.
Acts 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.
1 Peter 1:18-20 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; ... Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

to be:

Exodus 25:17-22 And thou shalt make a mercy seat [of] pure gold: two cubits and a half [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. ... And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
Leviticus 16:15 Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that [is] for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat:
Hebrews 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
*Gr:
1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.
1 John 4:10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.

through:

Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
Romans 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
Romans 5:11 And not only [so], but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
John 6:47 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.
John 6:53-58 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. ... This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
Colossians 1:20-23 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, [I say], whether [they be] things in earth, or things in heaven. ... If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and [be] not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, [and] which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;
Hebrews 10:19-20 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, ... By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

to declare:

Romans 3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Psalms 22:31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done [this].
Psalms 40:10 I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation.
Psalms 50:6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God [is] judge himself. Selah.
Psalms 97:6 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory.
Psalms 119:142 Thy righteousness [is] an everlasting righteousness, and thy law [is] the truth.
1 John 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.

remission:
or, passing over,
Romans 3:23-24 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; ... Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
Romans 4:1-8 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? ... Blessed [is] the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
Acts 13:38-39 Be it known unto you therefore, men [and] brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins: ... And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.
Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
1 Timothy 1:15 This [is] a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.
Hebrews 9:15-22 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. ... And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
Hebrews 9:25-26 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; ... For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.
Hebrews 10:4 For [it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.
Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.
Hebrews 11:14 For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country.
Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son],
Hebrews 11:39-40 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise: ... God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.
Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
Revelation 20:15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
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Ex 25:17. Lv 16:15. Ps 22:31; 40:10; 50:6; 97:6; 119:142. Is 53:11. Jn 6:47, 53. Ac 2:23; 3:18; 4:28; 13:38; 15:18; 17:30. Ro 3:23, 26; 4:1; 5:1, 9, 11. Col 1:20. 1Ti 1:15. He 9:5, 15, 25; 10:4, 19; 11:7, 14, 17, 39. 1P 1:18. 1Jn 1:10; 2:2; 4:10. Rv 5:9; 13:8; 20:15.

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