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Romans 3:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, all, have sinned and fall short of the glory of God;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for all did sin, and are come short of the glory of God—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For all have sinned and do need the glory of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For all haue sinned, and come short of the glory of God,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for all have sinned, and have failed of the glory of Aloha;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— for they have all sinned, and failed of the glory of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
all 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
have sinned, 264
{0264} Prime
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
come short 5302
{5302} Prime
From G5306; to be later, that is, (by implication) to be inferior; genitively to fall short (be deficient).
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
glory 1391
{1391} Prime
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
of God; 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:21-23.

Romans 3:23

_ _ for all have sinned — Though men differ greatly in the nature and extent of their sinfulness, there is absolutely no difference between the best and the worst of men, in the fact that “all have sinned,” and so underlie the wrath of God.

_ _ and come short of the glory — or “praise”

_ _ of God — that is, “have failed to earn His approbation” (compare John 12:43, Greek). So the best interpreters.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:19-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 3:23

For all have sinned — In Adam, and in their own persons; by a sinful nature, sinful tempers, and sinful actions. And are fallen short of the glory of God — The supreme end of man; short of his image on earth, and the enjoyment of him in heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 3:23

For all have sinned, and come short of the (t) glory of God;

(t) By the "glory of God" is meant that mark which we all aim for, that is, everlasting life, which consists in our being made partakers of the glory of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all have:

Romans 3:9 What then? are we better [than they]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;
Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
Romans 1:28-32 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; ... Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Romans 2:1-16 Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things. ... In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Romans 11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.
Ecclesiastes 7:20 For [there is] not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
Galatians 3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
1 John 1:8-10 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. ... If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.


Hebrews 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.


Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
1 Thessalonians 2:12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
2 Thessalonians 2:14 Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Peter 4:13 But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.
1 Peter 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].
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Ec 7:20. Ro 1:28; 2:1; 3:9, 19; 5:2; 11:32. Ga 3:22. 1Th 2:12. 2Th 2:14. He 4:1. 1P 4:13; 5:1, 10. 1Jn 1:8.

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