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Romans 3:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— because by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified in his sight; for through the law [cometh] the knowledge of sin.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law [comes] the knowledge of sin.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore by the deeds of the law, there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore by works of law no flesh shall be justified before him; for by law [is] knowledge of sin.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Inasmuch as, by works of law, shall no flesh be declared righteous before him,—through law, in fact, is discovery of sin.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore by works of law shall no flesh be declared righteous before Him, for through law is a knowledge of sin.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified before him. For by the law is the knowledge of sin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore by the deedes of the Law, there shall no flesh be iustified in his sight: for by the Law [is] the knowledge of sinne.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Because by the works of the law no flesh is justified before him; for from the law sin is known.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore, by the deeds of the law, no flesh is justified before him: for, by the law, sin is known.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore 1360
{1360} Prime
διότι
dioti
{dee-ot'-ee}
From G1223 and G3754; on the very account that, or inasmuch as.
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the deeds 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
of the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
there shall y1344
[1344] Standard
δικαιόω
dikaioo
{dik-ah-yo'-o}
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
no 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
flesh 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
be justified 1344
{1344} Prime
δικαιόω
dikaioo
{dik-ah-yo'-o}
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
in his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
sight: 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
[is] the knowledge 1922
{1922} Prime
ἐπίγνωσις
epignosis
{ep-ig'-no-sis}
From G1921; recognition, that is, (by implication) full discernment, acknowledgement.
of sin. 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 3:20

_ _ Therefore by the deeds of — obedience to

_ _ the law there shall no flesh be justified — that is, be held and treated as righteous; as is plain from the whole scope and strain of the argument.

_ _ in his sight — at His bar (Psalms 143:2).

_ _ for by the law is the knowledge of sin — (See on Romans 4:15; see on Romans 7:7; and see on 1 John 3:4).

_ _ Note, How broad and deep does the apostle in this section lay the foundations of his great doctrine of Justification by free grace — in the disorder of man’s whole nature, the consequent universality of human guilt, the condemnation, by reason of the breach of divine law, of the whole world, and the impossibility of justification before God by obedience to that violated law! Only when these humiliating conclusions are accepted and felt, are we in a condition to appreciate and embrace the grace of the Gospel, next to be opened up.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:19-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 3:20

No flesh shall be justified — None shall be forgiven and accepted of God. By the works of the law — On this ground, that he hath kept the law. St. Paul means chiefly the moral part of it, Romans 3:9, Romans 3:19, Romans 2:21, Romans 2:26; &c. which alone is not abolished, Romans 3:31. And it is not without reason, that he so often mentions the works of the law, whether ceremonial or moral; for it was on these only the Jews relied, being wholly ignorant of those that spring from faith. For by the law is only the knowledge of sin — But no deliverance either from the guilt or power of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 3:20

Therefore by the (o) deeds of the law there shall no (p) flesh be (q) justified in his (r) sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.

(o) By those deeds by which the law can be done by us.

(p) Flesh is here taken for man, as in many other places, and furthermore has greater force here: for it is given to show the contrast between God and man: as if one would say, "Man, who is nothing else but a piece of flesh defiled with sin, and God, who is most pure and most perfect in himself."

(q) Absolved before the judgment seat of God.

(r) Paul has in mind a contrasting of the righteousness of before men, be they ever so just, against the justice which can stand before God: now there is no righteousness that can stand before God, except the righteousness of Christ alone.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Therefore:

Romans 3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
Romans 2:13 (For not the hearers of the law [are] just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.
Romans 4:13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, [was] not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
Romans 9:32 Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Acts 13:39 And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.
Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.
Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
Galatians 3:10-13 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. ... Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:
Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
Ephesians 2:8-9 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God: ... Not of works, lest any man should boast.
Titus 3:5-7 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
James 2:9-10 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors. ... For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one [point], he is guilty of all.

no flesh:

Job 25:4 How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean [that is] born of a woman?
Psalms 130:3 If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
Psalms 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
James 2:20-26 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? ... For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

in his sight:

Job 15:15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Job 25:5 Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure in his sight.

for by the:

Romans 7:7-9 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ... For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 15:15; 25:4, 5. Ps 130:3; 143:2. Ac 13:39. Ro 2:13; 3:28; 4:13; 7:7; 9:32. Ga 2:16, 19; 3:10; 5:4. Ep 2:8. Tit 3:5. Jm 2:9, 20.

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