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Romans 3:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Much every way: first of all, that they were intrusted with the oracles of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Great in every respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Much every way: and first, indeed, that to them were entrusted the oracles of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Much, every way:—First, indeed, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— much in every way; for first, indeed, that they were intrusted with the oracles of God;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Much every way. First indeed, because the words of God were committed to them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Much euery way: chiefly, because that vnto them were committed the Oracles of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Much in every thing: primarily that they had intrusted (to them) the words of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Much, every way. And first, because to them were intrusted the oracles of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Much 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
way: 5158
{5158} Prime
τρόπος
tropos
{trop'-os}
From the same as G5157; a turn, that is, (by implication) mode or style (especially with preposition or relatively prefixed as adverb like); figuratively deportment or character.
chiefly, 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
because 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
unto them were committed 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
oracles 3051
{3051} Prime
λόγιον
logion
{log'-ee-on}
Neuter of G3052; an utterance (of God).
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:1-2.


Romans 3:2

_ _ Much every way; chiefly, because — rather, “first, that.”

_ _ unto them were committed the oracles of God — This remarkable expression, denoting “divine communications” in general, is transferred to the Scriptures to express their oracular, divine, authoritative character.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 3:2

Chiefly in that they were intrusted with the oracles of God — The scriptures, in which are so great and precious promises. Other prerogatives will follow, Romans 9:4-5. St. Paul here singles out this by which, after removing the objection, he will convict them so much the more.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 3:2

Much every way: (a) chiefly, because that unto them were committed the (b) oracles of God.

(a) The Jews' state and condition was of principal importance.

(b) Words.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Much:

Romans 3:3 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
Romans 11:1-2 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, [of] the tribe of Benjamin. ... God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,
Romans 11:15-23 For if the casting away of them [be] the reconciling of the world, what [shall] the receiving [of them be], but life from the dead? ... And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.
Romans 11:28-29 As concerning the gospel, [they are] enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, [they are] beloved for the fathers' sakes. ... For the gifts and calling of God [are] without repentance.

because:

Romans 2:18 And knowest [his] will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;
Romans 9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises;
Deuteronomy 4:7-8 For what nation [is there so] great, who [hath] God [so] nigh unto them, as the LORD our God [is] in all [things that] we call upon him [for]? ... And what nation [is there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments [so] righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?
Nehemiah 9:13-14 Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: ... And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:
Psalms 78:4-7 We will not hide [them] from their children, shewing to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and his strength, and his wonderful works that he hath done. ... That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God, but keep his commandments:
Psalms 147:19-20 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. ... He hath not dealt so with any nation: and [as for his] judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD.
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them.
Ezekiel 20:11-12 And I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments, which [if] a man do, he shall even live in them. ... Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I [am] the LORD that sanctify them.
Luke 16:29-31 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them. ... And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.
John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. ... That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
2 Peter 1:19-21 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: ... For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.
Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

committed:

1 Corinthians 9:17 For if I do this thing willingly, I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation [of the gospel] is committed unto me.
2 Corinthians 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
Galatians 2:7 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as [the gospel] of the circumcision [was] unto Peter;
1 Timothy 6:20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:

the oracles:

Romans 1:2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)
Psalms 119:140 Thy word [is] very pure: therefore thy servant loveth it.
Daniel 10:21 But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and [there is] none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.
Acts 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and [with] our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us:
2 Timothy 3:15-16 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. ... All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
Hebrews 5:12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which [be] the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.
1 Peter 4:11 If any man speak, [let him speak] as the oracles of God; if any man minister, [let him do it] as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
2 Peter 1:20-21 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. ... For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.
Revelation 22:6 And he said unto me, These sayings [are] faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:7. Ne 9:13. Ps 78:4; 119:140; 147:19. Is 8:20. Ezk 20:11. Dn 10:21. Lk 16:29. Jn 5:39. Ac 7:38. Ro 1:2; 2:18; 3:3; 9:4; 11:1, 15, 28. 1Co 9:17. 2Co 5:19. Ga 2:7. 1Ti 6:20. 2Ti 3:15. He 5:12. 1P 4:11. 2P 1:19, 20. Rv 19:10; 22:6.

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