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Romans 3:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Their throat is an open sepulchre; With their tongues they have used deceit: The poison of asps is under their lips:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Their throat [is] an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps [is] under their lips:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “THEIR THROAT IS AN OPEN GRAVE, WITH THEIR TONGUES THEY KEEP DECEIVING,” “THE POISON OF ASPS IS UNDER THEIR LIPS”;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Their throat [is] an open sepulcher; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps [is] under their lips:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; asps' poison [is] under their lips:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A sepulchre opened, is their throat, with their tongues, have they used deceit, the poison of asps, is under their lips,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A sepulchre opened [is] their throat; with their tongues they used deceit; poison of asps [is] under their lips.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Their throat is an open sepulchre: with their tongues they have dealt deceitfully. The venom of asps is under their lips.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Their throat is an open sepulchre, with their tongues they haue vsed deceit, the poyson of Aspes is vnder their lippes:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Open sepulchres are their throats, Their tongues have deceived, And the venom of asps is under their lips.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Their throats are open sepulchres, and their tongues treacherous; and the venom of the asp is under their lips.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
throat 2995
{2995} Prime
λάρυγξ
larugx
{lar'-oongks}
Of uncertain derivative; the throat ('larynx').
[is] an open 455
{0455} Prime
ἀνοίγω
anoigo
{an-oy'-go}
From G0303 and οἴγω [[oigo]] (to open); to open up (literally or figuratively, in various applications).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
sepulchre; 5028
{5028} Prime
τάφος
taphos
{taf'-os}
Masculine from G2290; a grave (the place of interment).
with their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
tongues 1100
{1100} Prime
γλῶσσα
glossa
{gloce-sah'}
Of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unacquired).
they have used deceit; 1387
{1387} Prime
δολιόω
dolioo
{dol-ee-o'-o}
From G1386; to be guileful.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
the poison 2447
{2447} Prime
ἰός
ios
{ee-os'}
Perhaps from εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go) or ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send); rust (as if emitted by metals); also venom (as emitted by serpents).
of asps 785
{0785} Prime
ἀσπίς
aspis
{as-pece'}
Of uncertain derivation; a buckler (or round shield); used of a serpent (as coiling itself), probably the 'asp'.
[is] under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
lips: 5491
{5491} Prime
χεῖλος
cheilos
{khi'-los}
From a form of the same as G5490; a lip (as a pouring place); figuratively a margin (of water).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 3:13-18

_ _ Their, etc. — From generals, the apostle here comes to particulars, culling from different parts of Scripture passages which speak of depravity as it affects the different members of the body; as if to show more affectingly how “from the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness” in us.

_ _ throat is an open sepulchre — (Psalms 5:9); that is, “What proceeds out of their heart, and finds vent in speech and action through the throat, is like the pestilential breath of an open grave.”

_ _ with their tongues they have used deceit — (Psalms 5:9); that is, “That tongue which is man’s glory (Psalms 16:9; Psalms 57:8) is prostituted to the purposes of deception.”

_ _ the poison of asps is under their lips — (Psalms 140:3): that is, “Those lips which should ‘drop as an honeycomb,’ and ‘feed many,’ and ‘give thanks unto His name’ (Song of Songs 4:11; Proverbs 10:21; Hebrews 13:15), are employed to secrete and to dart deadly poison.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 3:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 3:13

Their throat — Is noisome and dangerous as an open sepulchre. Observe the progress of evil discourse, proceeding out of the heart, through the throat, tongue, lips, till the whole mouth is filled therewith. The poison of asps — Infectious, deadly backbiting, tale — bearing, evil — speaking, is under (for honey is on) their lips. An asp is a venomous kind of serpent. Psalms 5:9; Psalms 140:3.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
throat:

Psalms 5:9 For [there is] no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part [is] very wickedness; their throat [is] an open sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue.
Jeremiah 5:16 Their quiver [is] as an open sepulchre, they [are] all mighty men.
Matthew 23:27-28 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead [men's] bones, and of all uncleanness. ... Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

with their:

Romans 3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.
Psalms 5:9 For [there is] no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part [is] very wickedness; their throat [is] an open sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue.
Psalms 12:3-4 The LORD shall cut off all flattering lips, [and] the tongue that speaketh proud things: ... Who have said, With our tongue will we prevail; our lips [are] our own: who [is] lord over us?
Psalms 36:3 The words of his mouth [are] iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, [and] to do good.
Psalms 52:2 Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.
Psalms 57:4 My soul [is] among lions: [and] I lie [even among] them that are set on fire, [even] the sons of men, whose teeth [are] spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
Isaiah 59:3 For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness.
Jeremiah 9:3-5 And they bend their tongues [like] their bow [for] lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD. ... And they will deceive every one his neighbour, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies, [and] weary themselves to commit iniquity.
Ezekiel 13:7 Have ye not seen a vain vision, and have ye not spoken a lying divination, whereas ye say, The LORD saith [it]; albeit I have not spoken?
Matthew 12:34-35 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. ... A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
James 3:5-8 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth! ... But the tongue can no man tame; [it is] an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.

the poison:

Deuteronomy 32:33 Their wine [is] the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps.
Job 20:14-16 [Yet] his meat in his bowels is turned, [it is] the gall of asps within him. ... He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper's tongue shall slay him.
Psalms 140:3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison [is] under their lips. Selah.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:33. Jb 20:14. Ps 5:9; 12:3; 36:3; 52:2; 57:4; 140:3. Is 59:3. Jr 5:16; 9:3. Ezk 13:7. Mt 12:34; 23:27. Ro 3:4. Jm 3:5.

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