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Romans 2:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that worketh evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Greek;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [There will be] tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Tribulation and anguish upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— tribulation and distress, on every soul of man that works evil, both of Jew first, and of Greek;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— tribulation and anguish—against every soul of man who worketh out what is base, both of Jew first and of Greek,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— tribulation and distress, upon every soul of man that is working the evil, both of Jew first, and of Greek;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Tribulation and anguish upon every soul of man that worketh evil: of the Jew first, and also of the Greek.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Tribulation, and anguish vpon euery soule of man that doeth euill, of the Iew first, and also of the Gentile.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and affliction and distress, upon every man who worketh evils; to Jihudoyee first, and to Aramoyee;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And tribulation and anguish [will be] to every man that doeth evil; to the Jews first, and also to the Gentiles:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Tribulation 2347
{2347} Prime
θλῖψις
thlipsis
{thlip'-sis}
From G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
anguish, 4730
{4730} Prime
στενοχωρία
stenochoria
{sten-okh-o-ree'-ah}
From a compound of G4728 and G5561; narrowness of room, that is, (figuratively) calamity.
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
soul 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
of man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
that doeth 2716
{2716} Prime
κατεργάζομαι
katergazomai
{kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee}
From G2596 and G2038; to work fully, that is, accomplish; by implication to finish, fashion.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
evil, 2556
{2556} Prime
κακός
kakos
{kak-os'}
Apparently a primary word; worthless (intrinsically such; whereas G4190 properly refers to effects), that is, (subjectively) depraved, or (objectively) injurious.
of the x5037
(5037) Complement
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
Jew 2453
{2453} Prime
Ἰουδαῖος
Ioudaios
{ee-oo-dah'-yos}
From G2448 (in the sense of G2455 as a country); Judaean, that is, belonging to Jehudah.
first, 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
and y5037
[5037] Standard
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
also y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of the Gentile; 1672
{1672} Prime
Ἕλλην
Hellen
{hel'-lane}
From G1671; a Hellen (Grecian) or inhabitant of Hellas; by extension a Greek speaking person, especially a non-Jew.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 2:7-10.


Romans 2:9

_ _ Tribulation and anguish — the effect of these in the sinner himself.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 2:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 2:9

Of the Jew first — Here we have the first express mention of the Jews in this chapter. And it is introduced with great propriety. Their having been trained up in the true religion, and having had Christ and his apostles first sent to them, will place them in the foremost rank of the criminals that obey not the truth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Tribulation:

Proverbs 1:27-28 When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. ... Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me:
2 Thessalonians 1:6 Seeing [it is] a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

soul:

Ezekiel 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.
Matthew 16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

of the Jew:

Romans 2:10 But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
Romans 3:29-30 [Is he] the God of the Jews only? [is he] not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: ... Seeing [it is] one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Romans 4:9-12 [Cometh] this blessedness then upon the circumcision [only], or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. ... And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which [he had] being [yet] uncircumcised.
Romans 9:24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
Romans 10:12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.
Romans 15:8-9 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises [made] unto the fathers: ... And that the Gentiles might glorify God for [his] mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.
Amos 3:2 You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities.
Matthew 11:20-24 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not: ... But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.
Luke 2:30-32 For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, ... A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
Luke 12:47-48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. ... But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Acts 3:26 Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities.
Acts 11:18 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
Acts 13:26 Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.
Acts 13:46-47 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. ... For so hath the Lord commanded us, [saying], I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.
Acts 18:5-6 And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews [that] Jesus [was] Christ. ... And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook [his] raiment, and said unto them, Your blood [be] upon your own heads; I [am] clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles.
Acts 20:21 Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
Acts 26:20 But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
Acts 28:17 And it came to pass, that after three days Paul called the chief of the Jews together: and when they were come together, he said unto them, Men [and] brethren, though I have committed nothing against the people, or customs of our fathers, yet was I delivered prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans.
Acts 28:28 Be it known therefore unto you, that the salvation of God is sent unto the Gentiles, and [that] they will hear it.
Galatians 2:15-16 We [who are] Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, ... Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.
Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
Ephesians 2:11-17 Wherefore remember, that ye [being] in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; ... And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond [nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.
1 Peter 4:17 For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God?

Gentile:
Gr. Greek
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 1:27. Ezk 18:4. Am 3:2. Mt 11:20; 16:26. Lk 2:30; 12:47; 24:47. Ac 3:26; 11:18; 13:26, 46; 18:5; 20:21; 26:20; 28:17, 28. Ro 1:16; 2:10; 3:29; 4:9; 9:24; 10:12; 15:8. Ga 2:15; 3:28. Ep 2:11. Col 3:11. 2Th 1:6. 1P 4:17.

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