Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Romans 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and knowest his will, and approvest the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And knowest [his] will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and know [His] will and approve the things that are essential, being instructed out of the Law,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And knowest [his] will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and knowest the will, and discerningly approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And art taking note of his will, and testing the things that differ—when receiving oral instruction out of the law,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and dost know the will, and dost approve the distinctions, being instructed out of the law,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And knowest his will and approvest the more profitable things, being instructed by the law:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And knowest his will, and approuest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the Law,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— because thou knowest his will, and distinguishest the things that are fitting, because thou art learned from the law;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— that thou knowest his good pleasure, and discernest obligations, because thou art instructed in the law;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
knowest 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
[his] will, 2307
{2307} Prime
θέλημα
thelema
{thel'-ay-mah}
From the prolonged form of G2309; a determination (properly the thing), that is, (actively) choice (specifically purpose, decree; abstractly volition) or (passively) inclination.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
approvest 1381
{1381} Prime
δοκιμάζω
dokimazo
{dok-im-ad'-zo}
From G1384; to test (literally or figuratively); by implication to approve.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the things that are more excellent, 1308
{1308} Prime
διαφέρω
diaphero
{dee-af-er'-o}
From G1223 and G5342; to bear through, that is, (literally) transport; usually to bear apart, that is, (objectively) to toss about (figuratively report); subjectively to 'differ', or (by implication) surpass.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
being instructed 2727
{2727} Prime
κατηχέω
katecheo
{kat-ay-kheh'-o}
From G2596 and G2279; to sound down into the ears, that is, (by implication) to indoctrinate ('catechize') or (generally) to apprise of.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
out of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
law; 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 2:17-24.


Romans 2:18

_ _ approvest the things that are excellent — “triest the things that differ” (Margin). Both senses are good, and indeed the former is but the result of the latter action. (See on Philippians 1:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 2:17-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 2:18

And knowest [his] will, and (n) approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

(n) Can test and discern what things swerve from God's will.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
knowest:

Deuteronomy 4:8 And what nation [is there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments [so] righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?
Nehemiah 9:13-14 Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: ... And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:
Psalms 147:19-20 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. ... He hath not dealt so with any nation: and [as for his] judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD.
Luke 12:47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes].
John 13:17 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.
1 Corinthians 8:1-2 Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. ... And if any man think that he knoweth any thing, he knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know.
James 4:17 Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth [it] not, to him it is sin.

approvest the things that are more excellent:
or, triest the things that differ,
Philippians 1:10 That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
*marg.
1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

being instructed:

Romans 15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Psalms 19:8 The statutes of the LORD [are] right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD [is] pure, enlightening the eyes.
Psalms 119:98-100 Thou through thy commandments hast made me wiser than mine enemies: for they [are] ever with me. ... I understand more than the ancients, because I keep thy precepts.
Psalms 119:104-105 Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way. ... NUN. Thy word [is] a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.
Psalms 119:130 The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.
Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:
2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. ... That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:8. Ne 9:13. Ps 19:8; 119:98, 104, 130; 147:19. Pv 6:23. Lk 12:47. Jn 13:17. Ro 15:4. 1Co 8:1. Php 1:10. 1Th 5:21. 2Ti 3:15. He 5:14. Jm 4:17.

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