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Romans 2:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men, according to my gospel, by Jesus Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— on the day when, according to my gospel, God will judge the secrets of men through Christ Jesus.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in [the] day when God shall judge the secrets of men, according to my glad tidings, by Jesus Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In the day on which God judgeth the secrets of men according to my glad-message through Christ Jesus.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men, according to my good news, through Jesus Christ.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In the day when God shall iudge the secrets of men by Iesus Christ, according to my Gospel.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— in the day when Aloha judgeth the secrets of men according to my gospel by Jeshu Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— in the day in which God will judge the secret [actions] of men, as my gospel [teacheth], by Jesus the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
shall judge 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
secrets 2927
{2927} Prime
κρυπτός
kruptos
{kroop-tos'}
From G2928; concealed, that is, private.
of men 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
according 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
gospel. 2098
{2098} Prime
εὐαγγέλιον
euaggelion
{yoo-ang-ghel'-ee-on}
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 2:16

_ _ In the day, etc. — Here the unfinished statement of Romans 2:12 is resumed and closed.

_ _ shall judge the secrets of men — here specially referring to the unfathomed depths of hypocrisy in the self-righteous whom the apostle had to deal with. (See Ecclesiastes 12:14; 1 Corinthians 4:5).

_ _ according to my gospel — to my teaching as a preacher of the Gospel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 2:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 2:16

In the day — That is, who show this in the day. Everything will then be shown to be what it really is. In that day will appear the law written in their hearts as it often does in the present life. When God shall judge the secrets of men — On secret circumstances depends the real quality of actions, frequently unknown to the actors themselves, Romans 2:29. Men generally form their judgments, even of themselves merely from what is apparent. According to my gospel — According to the tenor of that gospel which is committed to my care. Hence it appears that the gospel also is a law.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 2:16

(7) In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to (m) my gospel.

(7) God defers many judgments, which he will nonetheless execute at their convenient time by Jesus Christ, with a most candid examination, not only of words and deeds, but of thoughts also, be they ever so hidden or secret.

(m) As my doctrine witnesses, which I am appointed to preach.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Romans 3:6 God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?
Romans 14:10-12 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. ... So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.
Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
Psalms 9:7-8 But the LORD shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment. ... And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.
Psalms 50:6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God [is] judge himself. Selah.
Psalms 96:13 Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.
Psalms 98:9 Before the LORD; for he cometh to judge the earth: with righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.
Ecclesiastes 3:17 I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for [there is] a time there for every purpose and for every work.
Ecclesiastes 11:9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these [things] God will bring thee into judgment.
Ecclesiastes 12:14 For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether [it be] good, or whether [it be] evil.
Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.
Matthew 25:31-46 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: ... And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
Luke 8:17 For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither [any thing] hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.
John 12:48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in [his] body, according to that he hath done, whether [it be] good or bad.
Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:
1 Peter 4:5 Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead.
2 Peter 2:9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:
Revelation 20:11-15 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. ... And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

by Jesus:

John 5:22-29 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
Acts 10:42 And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God [to be] the Judge of quick and dead.
Acts 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.
2 Timothy 4:1 I charge [thee] therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;
2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.

according:

Romans 16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
1 Timothy 1:11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.
2 Timothy 2:8 Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:25. Ps 9:7; 50:6; 96:13; 98:9. Ec 3:17; 11:9; 12:14. Mt 16:27; 25:31. Lk 8:17. Jn 5:22; 12:48. Ac 10:42; 17:31. Ro 2:5; 3:6; 14:10; 16:25. 1Co 4:5. 2Co 5:10. 1Ti 1:11. 2Ti 2:8; 4:1, 8. He 9:27. 1P 4:5. 2P 2:9. Rv 20:11.

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