Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Romans 2:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without the law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall be judged by the law;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For all who have sinned without the Law will also perish without the Law, and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For as many as have sinned without law, shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law, shall be judged by the law,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For as many as have sinned without law shall perish also without law; and as many as have sinned under law shall be judged by law,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, as many as without law sinned, without law, also shall perish, and, as many as within law sinned, through law, shall be judged;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for as many as without law did sin, without law also shall perish, and as many as did sin in law, through law shall be judged,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For whosoever have sinned without the law shall perish without the law: and whosoever have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For as many as haue sinned without Law, shall also perish without Law: and as many as haue sinned in the Law, shalbe iudged by the Law.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For they who without the law have sinned, without the law also will perish: and they who in the law have sinned, by the law will be judged.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— for those without law, who sin, will also perish without law; and those under the law, who sin, will be judged by the law,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
as many as 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
have sinned 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
without law 460
{0460} Prime
ἀνόμως
anomos
{an-om'-oce}
Adverb from G0459; lawlessly, that is, (specifically) not amenable to (the Jewish) law.
shall y622
[0622] Standard
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
perish 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5698
<5698> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 33
without law: 460
{0460} Prime
ἀνόμως
anomos
{an-om'-oce}
Adverb from G0459; lawlessly, that is, (specifically) not amenable to (the Jewish) law.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
as many as 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
have sinned 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
shall be judged 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the law; 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 2:12

_ _ For as many as have sinned — not “as many as have sinned at all,” but, “as many as are found in sin” at the judgment of the great day (as the whole context shows).

_ _ without law — that is, without the advantage of a positive Revelation.

_ _ shall also perish without law — exempt from the charge of rejecting or disregarding it.

_ _ and as many as have sinned in the law — within the pale of a positive, written Revelation.

_ _ shall be judged by the law — tried and condemned by the higher standard of that written Revelation.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 2:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 2:12

For as many as have sinned — He speaks as of the time past, for all time will be past at the day of judgment. Without the law — Without having any written law. Shall also perish without the law — Without regard had to any outward law; being condemned by the law written in their hearts. The word also shows the agreement of the manner of sinning, with the manner of suffering. Perish — He could not so properly say, Shall be judged without the law.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 2:12

(4) For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;

(4) He applies that general accusation against mankind particularly both to the Gentiles and to the Jews.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For:

Romans 2:14-15 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: ... Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and [their] thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)
Romans 1:18-21 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; ... Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Ezekiel 16:49-50 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. ... And they were haughty, and committed abomination before me: therefore I took them away as I saw [good].
Matthew 11:22 But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you.
Matthew 11:24 But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.
Luke 10:12-15 But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city. ... And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell.
Luke 12:47-48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. ... But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
John 19:11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power [at all] against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
Acts 17:30-31 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent: ... Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.

in the law:

Romans 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Romans 3:19-20 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression.
Romans 7:7-11 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ... For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew [me].
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed [be] he that confirmeth not [all] the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
2 Corinthians 3:7-9 But if the ministration of death, written [and] engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which [glory] was to be done away: ... For if the ministration of condemnation [be] glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
Galatians 2:16-19 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. ... For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Galatians 3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
James 2:10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one [point], he is guilty of all.
Revelation 20:12-15 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is [the book] of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. ... And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 27:26. Ezk 16:49. Mt 11:22, 24. Lk 10:12; 12:47. Jn 19:11. Ac 17:30. Ro 1:18, 32; 2:14, 16; 3:19; 4:15; 7:7; 8:3. 2Co 3:7. Ga 2:16; 3:10, 22. Jm 2:10. Rv 20:12.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Romans 2:12.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Romans 2:12


Recent Chat Bible Comments