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Romans 16:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and [salute] the church that is in their house. Salute Epaenetus my beloved, who is the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Likewise [greet] the church that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— also [greet] the church that is in their house. Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first convert to Christ from Asia.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Likewise [greet] the church that is in their house. Salute my well-beloved Epenetus, who is the first-fruits of Achaia to Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the assembly at their house. Salute Epaenetus, my beloved, who is [the] first-fruits of Asia for Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [Salute] also the assembly at their house. Salute ye Epaenetus, my beloved, who is a firstfruit of Asia unto Christ.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the assembly at their house; salute Epaenetus, my beloved, who is first-fruit of Achaia to Christ.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the church which is in their house. Salute Epenetus, my beloved: who is the firstfruits of Asia in Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Likewise [greet] the Church that is in their house. Salute my welbeloued Epenetus, who is the first fruits of Achaia vnto Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And give salutation to the church which is in their house. Ask the peace of Epenetos, my beloved, who was the first-fruits of Akaia in the Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And give a salutation to the church which is in their house. Salute my beloved Epenetus, who was the first-fruits of Achaia in Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Likewise 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[greet] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
church 1577
{1577} Prime
ἐκκλησία
ekklesia
{ek-klay-see'-ah}
From a compound of G1537 and a derivative of G2564; a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both).
that is in 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
house. 3624
{3624} Prime
οἶκος
oikos
{oy'-kos}
Of uncertain affinity; a dwelling (more or less extensive, literally or figuratively); by implication a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively).
Salute 782
{0782} Prime
ἀσπάζομαι
aspazomai
{as-pad'-zom-ahee}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
z5663
<5663> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 54
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
wellbeloved 27
{0027} Prime
ἀγαπητός
agapetos
{ag-ap-ay-tos'}
From G0025; beloved.
Epaenetus, 1866
{1866} Prime
Ἐπαίνετος
Epainetos
{ep-a'-hee-net-os}
From G1867; praised; Epaenetus, a Christian.
who 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the firstfruits 536
{0536} Prime
ἀπαρχή
aparche
{ap-ar-khay'}
From a compound of G0575 and G0756; a beginning of sacrifice, that is, the (Jewish) first fruit (figuratively).
of Achaia 882
{0882} Prime
Ἀχαΐα
Achaia
{ach-ah-ee'-ah}
Of uncertain derivation; Achaia (that is, Greece), a country of Europe.
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:3-5.


Romans 16:5

_ _ Likewise the church that is in their house — The Christian assembly that statedly met there for worship. “From his occupation as tent-maker, he had probably better accommodations for the meetings of the church than most other Christians” [Hodge]. Probably this devoted couple had written to the apostle such an account of the stated meetings at their house, as made him feel at home with them, and include them in this salutation, which doubtless would be read at their meetings with peculiar interest.

_ _ Salute my well beloved Epaenetus, who is the first-fruits — that is, the first convert

_ _ of Achaia unto Christ — The true reading here, as appears by the manuscripts, is, “the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ” — that is, Proconsular Asia (see Acts 16:6). In 1 Corinthians 16:15 it is said that “the household of Stephanas was the first-fruit of Achaia”; and though if Epaenetus was one of that family, the two statements might be reconciled according to the received text, there is no need to resort to this supposition, as that text is in this instance without authority. Epaenetus, as the first believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the apostle. (See Hosea 9:10; Micah 7:1). None of the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 16:5

Salute the church that is in their house — Aquila had been driven from Rome in the reign of Claudius, but was now returned, and performed the same part there which Caius did at Corinth, Romans 16:23. Where any Christian had a large house, there they all assembled together though as yet the Christians at Rome had neither bishops nor deacons. So far were they from any shadow of papal power. Nay, there does not appear to have been then in the whole city any more than one of these domestic churches. Otherwise there can be no doubt but St. Paul would have saluted them also. Epenetus — Although the apostle had never been at Rome, yet had he many acquaintance there. But here is no mention of Linus or Cemens; whence it appears, they did not come to Rome till after this. The firstfruits of Asia — The first convert in the proconsular Asia.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 16:5

Likewise [greet] the (b) church that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the (c) firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ.

(b) The company of the faithful, for in so great a city as that was, there were different companies.

(c) For he was the first of Achaia that believed in Christ: and this type of speech is an allusion to the ceremonies of the law.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the church:

Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
1 Corinthians 16:19 The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house.
Colossians 4:15 Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in his house.
Philemon 1:2 And to [our] beloved Apphia, and Archippus our fellowsoldier, and to the church in thy house:

my:

Romans 16:8 Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord.
Romans 16:12 Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord. Salute the beloved Persis, which laboured much in the Lord.
3 John 1:1 The elder unto the wellbeloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth.

who:

Romans 11:16 For if the firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root [be] holy, so [are] the branches.
1 Corinthians 16:15 I beseech you, brethren, (ye know the house of Stephanas, that it is the firstfruits of Achaia, and [that] they have addicted themselves to the ministry of the saints,)
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, [being] the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

Achaia:

Romans 15:26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem.
Acts 18:12 And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat,
Acts 18:27 And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace:
2 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy [our] brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia:
2 Corinthians 9:2 For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath provoked very many.
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Mt 18:20. Ac 18:12, 27. Ro 11:16; 15:26; 16:8, 12. 1Co 16:15, 19. 2Co 1:1; 9:2. Col 4:15. Phm 1:2. Jm 1:18. 3Jn 1:1. Rv 14:4.

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