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Romans 16:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who for my life laid down their own necks; unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who for my life risked their own necks, to whom not only do I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who have for my life laid down their own necks: to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (who for my life staked their own neck; to whom not *I* only am thankful, but also all the assemblies of the nations,)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who, indeed, for my life, their own neck laid down,—unto whom—not, I only, give thanks, but also all the assemblies of the nations;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who for my life their own neck did lay down, to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the assemblies of the nations—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— (Who have for my life laid down their own necks: to whom not I only give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles),
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— (Who haue for my life laid downe their owne neckes: vnto whome not onely I giue thankes, but also all the Churches of the Gentiles.)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for they themselves for my life have given their necks; and not only do I praise them, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— who, for my life, surrendered their own necks; and to whom, not only I am grateful, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
have y5294
[5294] Standard
ὑποτίθημι
hupotithemi
{hoop-ot-ith'-ay-mee}
From G5259 and G5087; to place underneath, that is, (figuratively) to hazard, (reflexively) to suggest.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
life 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
laid down 5294
{5294} Prime
ὑποτίθημι
hupotithemi
{hoop-ot-ith'-ay-mee}
From G5259 and G5087; to place underneath, that is, (figuratively) to hazard, (reflexively) to suggest.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
their own 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
necks: 5137
{5137} Prime
τράχηλος
trachelos
{trakh'-ay-los}
Probably from G5143 (through the idea of mobility); the throat (neck), that is, (figuratively) life.
unto whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
only 3441
{3441} Prime
μόνος
monos
{mon'-os}
Probably from G3306; remaining, that is, sole or single; by implication mere.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
give thanks, 2168
{2168} Prime
εὐχαριστέω
eucharisteo
{yoo-khar-is-teh'-o}
From G2170; to be grateful, that is, (active) to express gratitude (towards); specifically to say grace at a meal.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
churches 1577
{1577} Prime
ἐκκλησία
ekklesia
{ek-klay-see'-ah}
From a compound of G1537 and a derivative of G2564; a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Gentiles. 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:3-5.


Romans 16:4

_ _ who have for my life laid down — “who did for my life lay down”

_ _ their own necks — that is, risked their lives; either at Corinth (Acts 18:6, Acts 18:9, Acts 18:10), or more probably at Ephesus (Acts 19:30, Acts 19:31; and compare 1 Corinthians 15:32). They must have returned from Ephesus (where we last find them in the history of the Acts) to Rome, whence the edict of Claudius had banished them (Acts 18:2); and doubtless, if not the principal members of that Christian community, they were at least the most endeared to our apostle.

_ _ unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles — whose special apostle this dear couple had rescued from imminent danger.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 16:4

Who have for my life, as it were, laid down their own necks — That is, exposed themselves to the utmost danger. But likewise all the churches of the gentiles — Even that at Rome, for preserving so valuable a life.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
have:

Romans 5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
John 15:13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
Philippians 2:30 Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me.
1 John 3:16 Hereby perceive we the love [of God], because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down [our] lives for the brethren.

laid:

Joshua 10:24 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.
2 Samuel 22:41 Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.
Micah 2:3 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, from which ye shall not remove your necks; neither shall ye go haughtily: for this time [is] evil.

also:

Acts 15:41 And he went through Syria and Cilicia, confirming the churches.
Acts 16:5 And so were the churches established in the faith, and increased in number daily.
1 Corinthians 7:17 But as God hath distributed to every man, as the Lord hath called every one, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all churches.
1 Corinthians 16:1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye.
1 Thessalonians 2:14 For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they [have] of the Jews:
Revelation 1:4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 10:24. 2S 22:41. Mi 2:3. Jn 15:13. Ac 15:41; 16:5. Ro 5:7. 1Co 7:17; 16:1. Php 2:30. 1Th 2:14. 1Jn 3:16. Rv 1:4.

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