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Romans 16:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the treasurer of the city saluteth you, and Quartus the brother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Gaius, host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer greets you, and Quartus, the brother.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Gaius, my host and of the whole assembly, salutes you. Erastus, the steward of the city, salutes you, and the brother Quartus.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— There saluteth you—Gaius, my host and [the host] of the whole assembly. There salute you—Erastus, the steward of the city, and Quartus the brother.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— salute you doth Gaius, my host, and of the whole assembly; salute you doth Erastus, the steward of the city, and Quartus the brother,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Caius, my host, and the whole church saluteth you. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, saluteth you: and Quartus, a brother.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Gaius mine hoste, and of the whole Church, saluteth you. Erastus the Chamberlaine of the citie saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Gaios my entertainer, and of all the church, asketh for your peace; (as do) Erastos steward of the city, and Quartos a brother.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Gaius, hospitable to me and to all the church, saluteth you. Erastus, the steward of the city, and Quartus a brother, salute you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Gaius y1050
[1050] Standard
Γάϊος
Gaios
{gah'-ee-os}
Of Latin origin; Gaius (that is, Caius), a Christian.
x1053
(1053) Complement
Γαλατία
Galatia
{gal-at-ee'-ah}
Of foreign origin; Galatia, a region of Asia.
mine 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
host, 3581
{3581} Prime
ξένος
xenos
{xen'-os}
Apparently a primary word; foreign (literally alien, or figuratively novel); by implication a guest or (vice-versa) entertainer.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
whole 3650
{3650} Prime
ὅλος
holos
{hol'-os}
A primary word; 'whole' or 'all', that is, complete (in extent, amount, time or degree), especially (neuter) as noun or adverb.
church, 1577
{1577} Prime
ἐκκλησία
ekklesia
{ek-klay-see'-ah}
From a compound of G1537 and a derivative of G2564; a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both).
saluteth 782
{0782} Prime
ἀσπάζομαι
aspazomai
{as-pad'-zom-ahee}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
you. 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
Erastus 2037
{2037} Prime
Ἔραστος
Erastos
{er'-as-tos}
From ἐράω [[erao]] (to love); beloved; Erastus, a Christian.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
chamberlain 3623
{3623} Prime
οἰκονόμος
oikonomos
{oy-kon-om'-os}
From G3624 and the base of G3551; a house distributor (that is, manager), or overseer, that is, an employee in that capacity; by extension a fiscal agent (treasurer); figuratively a preacher (of the Gospel).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
city 4172
{4172} Prime
πόλις
polis
{pol'-is}
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
saluteth 782
{0782} Prime
ἀσπάζομαι
aspazomai
{as-pad'-zom-ahee}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Quartus 2890
{2890} Prime
Κούαρτος
Kouartos
{koo'-ar-tos}
Of Latin origin (fourth); Quartus, a Christian.
a brother. 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 16:23

_ _ Gaius mine host, and — the host

_ _ of the whole church — (See Acts 20:4). It would appear that he was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (compare 3 John 1:1). His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon.

_ _ Erastus the chamberlain — “treasurer.”

_ _ of the city — doubtless of Corinth. (See Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20).

_ _ and Quartus a brother — rather, “the” or “our brother”; as Sosthenes and Timothy are called (1 Corinthians 1:1; 2 Corinthians 1:1, Greek). Nothing more is known of this Quartus.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:21-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 16:23

The chamberlain of the city — Of Corinth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Gaius:

1 Corinthians 1:14 I thank God that I baptized none of you, but Crispus and Gaius;
3 John 1:1-6 The elder unto the wellbeloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth. ... Which have borne witness of thy charity before the church: whom if thou bring forward on their journey after a godly sort, thou shalt do well:

Erastus:

Acts 19:22 So he sent into Macedonia two of them that ministered unto him, Timotheus and Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a season.
2 Timothy 4:20 Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick.

the chamberlain:
Or, as the Vulgate renders, arcarius civitatis, "the treasurer (or steward, οικονομος [Strong's G3623],) of the city;" he to whom the receipt and expenditure of the public money were entrusted.
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Ac 19:22. 1Co 1:14. 2Ti 4:20. 3Jn 1:1.

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