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Romans 16:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Timothy my fellow-worker saluteth you; and Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Timothy my fellow worker greets you, and [so do] Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Timothy my work-fellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater my kinsmen, salute you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Timotheus, my fellow-workman, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— There salute you—Timothy, my fellow-worker, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Salute you do Timotheus, my fellow-workman, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kindred;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Timothy, my fellow labourer, saluteth you: and Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Timotheus my worke-fellow, and Lucius, and Iason, and Sosipater my kinsemen salute you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Timotheos, a labourer with me, and Lukios and Iason and Sosipatros my kinsmen ask for your peace.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Timothy, my fellow-laborer, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Timotheus 5095
{5095} Prime
Τιμόθεος
Timotheos
{tee-moth'-eh-os}
From G5092 and G2316; dear to God; Timotheus, a Christian.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
workfellow, 4904
{4904} Prime
συνεργός
sunergos
{soon-er-gos'}
From a presumed compound of G4862 and the base of G2041; a co-laborer, that is, coadjutor.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Lucius, 3066
{3066} Prime
Λούκιος
Loukios
{loo'-kee-os}
Of Latin origin; illuminative; Lucius, a Christian.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Jason, 2394
{2394} Prime
Ἰάσων
Iason
{ee-as'-oan}
Future active participle masculine of G2390; about to cure; Jason, a Christian.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Sosipater, 4989
{4989} Prime
Σωσίπατρος
Sosipatros
{so-sip'-at-ros}
Prolongation for G4986; Sosipatrus, a Christian.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
kinsmen, 4773
{4773} Prime
συγγενής
suggenes
{soong-ghen-ace'}
From G4862 and G1085; a relative (by blood); by extension a fellow countryman.
salute 782
{0782} Prime
ἀσπάζομαι
aspazomai
{as-pad'-zom-ahee}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
you. 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 16:21

_ _ Timotheus, my work-fellow — “my fellow laborer”; see Acts 16:1-5. The apostle mentions him here rather than in the opening address to this church, as he had not been at Rome [Bengel].

_ _ and Lucius — not Luke, for the fuller form of “Lucas” is not “Lucius” but “Lucanus.” The person meant seems to be “Lucius of Cyrene,” who was among the “prophets and teachers” at Antioch with our apostle, before he was summoned into the missionary field (Acts 13:1).

_ _ and Jason — See Acts 17:5. He had probably accompanied or followed the apostle from Thessalonica to Corinth.

_ _ Sosipater — See Acts 20:4.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Romans 16:21-24

_ _ As the Apostle had before sent his own salutations to many of this church, and that of the churches round him to them all, he here adds an affectionate remembrance of them from some particular persons who were now with him, the better to promote acquaintance and fellowship among distant saints, and that the subscribing of these worthy names, known to them, might the more recommend this epistle. He mentions, 1. Some that were his particular friends, and probably known to the Roman Christians: Timotheus my work-fellow. Paul sometimes calls Timothy his son, as an inferior; but here he styles him his work-fellow, as one equal with him, such a respect does he put upon him: and Lucius, probably Lucius of Cyrene, a noted man in the church of Antioch (Acts 13:1), as Jason was at Thessalonica, where he suffered for entertaining Paul (Acts 17:5, Acts 17:6): and Sosipater, supposed to be the same with Sopater of Berea, mentioned Acts 20:4. These Paul calls his kinsmen; not only more largely, as they were Jews, but as they were in blood or affinity nearly allied to him. It seems, Paul was of a good family, that he met with so many of his kindred in several places. It is a very great comfort to see the holiness and usefulness of our kindred. 2. One that was Paul's amanuensis (Romans 16:22): I Tertius, who wrote this epistle. Paul made use of a scribe, not out of state nor idleness, but because he wrote a bad hand, which was not very legible, which he excuses, when he writes to the Galatians with his own hand (Galatians 6:11): plikois grammasiwith what kind of letters. Perhaps this Tertius was the same with Silas; for Silas (as some think) signifies the third in Hebrew, as Tertius in Latin. Tertius either wrote as Paul dictated, or transcribed it fairly over out of Paul's foul copy. The least piece of service done to the church, and the ministers of the church, shall not pass without a remembrance and a recompence. It was an honour to Tertius that he had a hand, though but as a scribe, in writing this epistle. 3. Some others that were of note among the Christians (Romans 16:23): Gaius my host. It is uncertain whether this was Gaius of Derbe (Acts 20:4), or Gaius of Macedonia (Acts 19:29), or rather Gaius of Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:14), and whether any of these was he to whom John wrote his third epistle. However, Paul commends him for his great hospitality; not only my host, but of the whole church — one that entertained them all as there was occasion, opened his doors to their church-meetings, and eased the rest of the church by his readiness to treat all Christian stranger that came to them. Erastus, the chamberlain of the city is another; he means the city of Corinth, whence this epistle was dated. It seems he was a person of honour and account, one in public place, steward or treasurer. Not many mighty, not many noble, are called, but some are. His estate, and honour, and employment, did not take him off from attending on Paul and laying out himself for the good of the church, it should seem, in the work of the ministry; for he is joined with Timothy (Acts 19:22), and is mentioned 2 Timothy 4:20. It was no disparagement to the chamberlain of the city to be a preacher of the gospel of Christ. Quartus is likewise mentioned, and called a brother; for as one is our Father, even Christ, so all we are brethren.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 16:21

Timotheus my fellowlabourer — Here he is named even before St. Paul's kinsmen. But as he had never been at Rome, he is not named in the beginning of the epistle.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 16:21

(5) Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.

(5) He adds salutations, partly to renew mutual friendship, and partly to the end that this epistle might be of some weight with the Romans, having the confirmation of so many that subscribed to it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Timotheus:

Acts 16:1-3 Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father [was] a Greek: ... Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.
Acts 17:14 And then immediately the brethren sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus abode there still.
Acts 18:5 And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews [that] Jesus [was] Christ.
Acts 19:22 So he sent into Macedonia two of them that ministered unto him, Timotheus and Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a season.
Acts 20:4 And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.
2 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy [our] brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia:
2 Corinthians 1:19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, [even] by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea.
Colossians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timotheus [our] brother,
Philippians 1:1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons:
Philippians 2:19-23 But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timotheus shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state. ... Him therefore I hope to send presently, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me.
1 Thessalonians 1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians [which is] in God the Father and [in] the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Thessalonians 3:2 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith:
1 Thessalonians 3:6 But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also [to see] you:
2 Thessalonians 1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:
1 Timothy 1:2 Unto Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
1 Timothy 6:11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
1 Timothy 6:20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
2 Timothy 1:2 To Timothy, [my] dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
Hebrews 13:23 Know ye that [our] brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if he come shortly, I will see you.

Lucius:

Acts 13:1 Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

Jason:

Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.

Sosipater:

Acts 20:4 And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.
, Sopater

my kinsmen:

Romans 16:7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.
Romans 16:11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the [household] of Narcissus, which are in the Lord.
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Ac 13:1; 16:1; 17:5, 14; 18:5; 19:22; 20:4. Ro 16:7, 11. 2Co 1:1, 19. Php 1:1; 2:19. Col 1:1. 1Th 1:1; 3:2, 6. 2Th 1:1. 1Ti 1:2; 6:11, 20. 2Ti 1:2. He 13:23.

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